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Flemington, New Jersey
Borough in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States
Flemington is an independent municipality completely surrounded by Raritan Township and is located near the geographic center of the township.
The Hunterdon County Courthouse, where Bruno Hauptmann was tried.
Before European settlement, the land that comprises Flemington, as was all of Hunterdon County, was the territory of the Lenni LenapeNative Americans. In 1712, as part of a land parcel of 9,170 acres (37.1 km2), the Flemington area was acquired by William Penn and Daniel Coxe.
The surrounding fertile farmland dictated that the beginnings of Flemington were agricultural. Early German and English settlers engaged in industries dependent on farm products. As time passed poultry and dairy farms superseded crops in agricultural importance. An example of early settlement families was Johann David and Anna Maria Ephland, who emigrated in 1709 from Germany through London to New York and settled on his 147.5-acre (0.597 km2) farm in 1717. They raised their seven children, and two from his previous marriage, on the farm that now makes up the core of Flemington.
In 1785, Flemington was chosen as the County Seat of Hunterdon. Fire destroyed the old courthouse in 1826 and the City of Lambertville made an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to have the seat relocated there. Flemington remained the County Seat and the Courthouse which stands today on Main Street was built.
What is now Flemington was originally formed as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 14, 1870, within portions of Raritan Township. It became a village as of June 11, 1894, still within Raritan Township. Flemington was finally incorporated as an independent borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1910, based on the results of a referendum held on April 26, 1910, and was formally separated from Raritan Township. The borough's incorporation was confirmed on April 27, 1931. the borough was named for Samuel Fleming.
In 1856, the Hunterdon County Agricultural society purchased 40 acres (16 ha) of land that would accommodate the people, exhibits and livestock for the County (Flemington) Fair. The purpose of this Fair was to promote competition between farmers, stock raisers and machinery manufacturers. The fair was held every year at the Flemington Fairgrounds which also was the site of Flemington Fair Speedway (later Flemington Raceway). From 1992 through 1995, the speedway hosted the Race of Champions, a race for modified racers. The speedway hosted a NASCARCraftsman Truck Series race from 1995 to 1998. In 2003, the County Fair adopted a new name, the Hunterdon County 4-H and Agricultural Fair, and moved to the South County Park in East Amwell Township.
Union Hotel - Early 19th century hotel in downtown Flemington that served as a restaurant until its 2008 closure. The current structure dates to 1877, built on the site of what had been a stagecoach stop that dates to 1814.
Fleming Castle / Samuel Fleming House - First house in Flemington, 5 Bonnell Street. Purchased by the Borough of Flemington in 2005 and operated as a historical museum by the Friends of Fleming Castle.
Of the 1,815 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18; 37.6% were married couples living together; 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 45.1% were non-families. Of all households, 37.1% were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.20.
22.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 105.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 106.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,261 (with a margin of error of +/- $15,065) and the median family income was $66,042 (+/- $12,761). Males had a median income of $45,934 (+/- $5,574) versus $47,917 (+/- $11,616) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,407 (+/- $3,648). About 14.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.
There were 1,804 households, out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $39,886, and the median income for a family was $51,582. Males had a median income of $38,594 versus $31,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,769. About 5.0% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Flemington is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Flemington, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Flemington Borough is DemocratBetsy Driver, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. Members of the Flemington Borough Council are Council President Caitlin Giles-McCormick (D, 2021), Council Vice President Kimberly A. Tilly (R, 2020; elected to serve an unexpired term), Jessica Hand (D, 2022), Michael Harris (I, 2020), Jeremy Long (D, 2022) and Christopher Runion (D, 2021).
In January 2019, the Borough Council selected Jeffrey Doshna from a list of three candidates selected by the Democratic municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that was vacated by Betsy Driver when she took office earlier that month as mayor. Doshna served on an interim basis until the November 2019 general election, when Republican Kimberly A. Tilly was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.
Betsy Driver, elected to the Borough Council in November 2017, has described herself as "only the second person in the world who is open about their intersex status to be elected to public office."
In March 2016, the Borough Council selected Alan Brewer from three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the vacant seat expiring in December 2017 that became vacant when Carla Tabussi resigned from office. In the November 2016 general election, Kimberly A. Tilly was elected unopposed to serve the balance of the unexpired term.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,037 registered voters in Flemington, of which 521 (25.6%) were registered as Democrats, 633 (31.1%) were registered as Republicans and 880 (43.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.4% of the vote (732 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 47.5% (689 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (31 votes), among the 1,467 ballots cast by the borough's 2,157 registered voters (15 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 68.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 49.9% of the vote (794 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 47.1% (750 votes) and other candidates with 2.1% (34 votes), among the 1,591 ballots cast by the borough's 2,118 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 50.0% of the vote (761 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 49.9% (760 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (25 votes), among the 1,523 ballots cast by the borough's 1,966 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.5.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.1% of the vote (656 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 29.3% (282 votes), and other candidates with 2.6% (25 votes), among the 994 ballots cast by the borough's 2,117 registered voters (31 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.6% of the vote (601 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 32.2% (354 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.2% (112 votes) and other candidates with 1.8% (20 votes), among the 1,101 ballots cast by the borough's 2,032 registered voters, yielding a 54.2% turnout.
Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Flemington-Raritan Regional School District, which also serves children from the neighboring community of Raritan Township. As of the 2018-19 school year, the district, comprised of six schools, had an enrollment of 3,079 students and 327.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student-teacher ratio of 9.4:1. The district consists of four K - 4 elementary schools, one intermediate school for grades 5 and 6 and a middle school for grades 7 and 8. Schools in the district (with 2018-19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are
Barley Sheaf School (350 students; in grades K-4, located in Flemington),
Copper Hill School (413; PreK-4, Ringoes),
Francis A. Desmares School (447; K-4, Flemington),
Robert Hunter School (388; K-4, Flemington),
Reading-Fleming Intermediate School (682; 5-6, Flemington) and
J. P. Case Middle School (781; 7-8, Flemington). Flemington is allocated two of the nine seats on the regional district's board of education.
Eighth grade students from all of Hunterdon County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Hunterdon County Vocational School District, a county-wide vocational school district that offers career and technical education at its campuses in Raritan Township and at programs sited at local high schools, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.
US 202 and Route 31 in Flemington
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 13.85 miles (22.29 km) of roadways, of which 12.09 miles (19.46 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.17 miles (0.27 km) by Hunterdon County and 1.59 miles (2.56 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Aerial photo of Flemington Circle, as seen in 1995. A strip mall featuring a HomeGoods and a Jos A. Bank, among other stores, has since been built on the field in the bottom right corner.
Flemington Circle is the largest of three traffic circles in the Flemington area and sits just to the southeast of Flemington's historic downtown. U.S. Route 202 and New Jersey Route 31 approach the circle separately from the north and continue south concurrently, and the circle is the eastern terminus of New Jersey Route 12. It is one of only a rapidly diminishing number of New Jersey's once-widespread traffic circles still extant according to its original design. The circle sees significant congestion on weekends because of the new developments and big-box retailers. The circle also sees a higher rate of traffic accidents and violations than any other region of Flemington and Raritan Township. Unlike most circles, traffic on US 202 does not yield on entry; US 202, being a main four-lane divided highway, gets the right of way.
One other traffic circle exists on Route 12 at Mine Street west of the Flemington Circle; Route 12 traffic has the right of way in it. The intersection of Route 12 and Main Street west of the Flemington Circle was converted to a roundabout in 2009.
^Brickman, Rachael S. "Union Hotel closes; liquor license stays", NJ.com, September 26, 2008. Accessed July 10, 2014. "The Union Hotel, which sits on an acre of property across the street from the old courthouse, got its start as a stagecoach stop called Hart's Hotel in 1814. It was rebuilt several times over the years, and reached its current form in 1877."
^January 28, 2019 Council Meeting Minutes, Borough of Flemington. Accessed November 17, 2019 "I. Filling of Vacant Council Seat Through Nov. 5, 2019 General Election... Ms. Giles-McCormick nominated Jeffrey Doshna for the vacant council seat. Mr. Runion seconded. All current council members voted yes. Mr. Doshna was named to the vacant council seat until the November 5, 2019 General Election."
^Leeds, Curtis. "Flemington's Openly Intersex Election Victor May Be Nation's First ", TAP into Flemington / Raritan, November 8, 2017. Accessed January 20, 2018. "The way Betsy Driver sees it, her victory in the Borough Council race here yesterday marks a first for a U.S. election.Driver, a Democrat, won the election along with independent Michael Harris.... She believes her victory makes her 'only the second person in the world who is open about their intersex status to be elected to public office.'"
^Cummins, Emily. "Alan Brewer appointed to Flemington Borough Council", NJ.com, March 29, 2016. Accessed July 9, 2016. "Former Flemington-Raritan school board member Alan Brewer was appointed to Flemington Borough Council during a meeting Monday night. The appointment follows Councilwoman Carla Tabussi's resignation for medical reasons."
^Turpin, Craig. "How Hunterdon County residents voted in historic election", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 9, 2016. Accessed February 15, 2017. "It was a close race in Flemington for two Borough Council seats. All four candidates - two Republicans and two Democrats - were within 142 votes of each other. In the end, Republicans Susan M. Peterson and incumbent John Gorman were elected in a tight race.... Republican Kimberly A. Tilly ran unopposed for a one-year unexpired Flemington council seat." In the 2018 General Election, Councilmember Betsy Driver defeated incumbent Mayor Phil Greiner for a four-year term. Newcomers Chris Runion and Caitlan Giles-McCormack defeated incumbent councilmembers Brooke Warden and Marc Hain for three year terms.
^Flemington Raritan Regional Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed April 17, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades K through 8 in the Flemington-Raritan School District. The Flemington-Raritan School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Flemington Borough and Raritan Township."
^Flemington-Raritan Regional School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 25, 2017. "The Flemington-Raritan School District (FRSD) is a regional, pre-K-8 district serving the children, parents and residents of Flemington Borough and Raritan Township, an area encompassing 38 square miles. Our nearly 3,200 students, 375 certified staff, and our support staff are housed in six buildings: four elementary (pre K-4), an intermediate school (5-6), and a middle school (7-8). Our graduates complete their 9-12 education at the Hunterdon Central Regional High School."
^Overview, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed November 17, 2019. "The Flemington-Raritan School District (FRSD) is a regional, pre-K-8 district serving the children, parents and residents of Flemington Borough and Raritan Township, an area encompassing 38 square miles. Our nearly 3,100 students, 375 certified staff, and our support staff are housed in six buildings: four elementary (pre K-4), an intermediate school (5-6), and a middle school (7-8). Our graduates complete their 9-12 education at the Hunterdon Central Regional High School."
^Board of Education, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed April 17, 2020. "Welcome to the Flemington-Raritan School District Board of Education. The Board is comprised of nine, volunteer members, with seven members elected from Raritan Township and two members elected from Flemington Borough. Members are elected to three-year terms on the November general election day."
^Hunterdon Central Regional Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Hunterdon Central Regional High School. Accessed April 17, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades nine through twelve in the Hunterdon Central Regional High School District. Composition: The Hunterdon Central Regional High School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of, Delaware Township, East Amwell, Flemington Boro, Raritan Township, and Readington Township."
^Board of Education, Hunterdon Central Regional High School. Accessed April 17, 2020. "The Hunterdon Central Regional Board of Education is comprised of nine members, elected by constituents in the five municipalities whose students attend Hunterdon Central Regional High School: one each from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township and the Borough of Flemington; three each from Raritan Township and Readington Township."
^Heyboer, Kelly. "How to get your kid a seat in one of N.J.'s hardest-to-get-into high schools", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 2017. Accessed November 18, 2019. "Hunterdon County's vo-tech district has three academies for high-achieving students, all operating in partnerships with local high schools.... The academies are open to all students in the county. Students in the 8th grade are required to submit an application, schedule an interview and take a placement exam."
^Bus Routes, Ride the LINK. Accessed November 18, 2019.
^Aruna, SoundClick. Accessed November 19, 2012. "Born in Flemington, New Jersey, Aruna's serpentine route to the present included jazz piano and film scoring studies at Berklee College of Music in Boston, a stop in Miami, where she joined Roadrunner recording artists, Cynic; a return to Boston to earn a degree from Berklee, and ultimately a move to the West Coast."
^DiIonno, Mark. "Jersey guy takes on challenge of rowing across the Arctic Ocean", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 2, 2017. Accessed July 25, 2019. "In a few days from now, Tyler Carnevale will be on top of the world -- in the physical and spiritual sense.... At 23, the Flemington resident is the youngest member of the international crew and the only one without prior rowing experience."