|Host country||Soviet Union|
|Dates||20 July - 2 August|
|Teams||16 (from 5 confederations)|
|Venue(s)||5 (in 4 host cities)|
|Third place||Soviet Union|
|Goals scored||82 (2.56 per match)|
The football tournament at the 1980 Summer Olympics started on 20 July and ended on 2 August. Only one event, the men's tournament, was contested. Seven qualified countries did not participate joining the American-led boycott in protest of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
Sixteen teams were divided into four groups:
In the technical report following the competition, FIFA reported that: "Compared with the 1979 World Youth Tournament in Japan and the 1978 World Cup finals in Argentina, the standard of football at the Olympic Football Tournament was generally of an inferior quality,".
|Central Lenin Stadium||Dynamo Stadium|
|Capacity: 91,251||Capacity: 50,475|
|Dinamo Stadium||Kirov Stadium||Republican Stadium|
|Capacity: 50,125||Capacity: 74,000||Capacity: 100,169|
The football tournament was the most attended event on these Olympics: 1,821,624 spectators watched 32 matches of it at the stadiums.
Due to the American-led boycott, countries (in brackets) who qualified did not enter the final tournament. Spain sent a team under the IOC flag. The following 16 teams qualified for the 1980 Olympics football tournament:
|Andreyev 8 27 44
|July 27 - Moscow|
|July 29 - Moscow|
|July 27 - Kiev|
|August 2 - Moscow|
|July 27 - Leningrad|
|July 29 - Moscow|
|July 27 - Minsk|
|Yugoslavia||0||Bronze medal match|
|August 1 - Moscow|
The final was played in a hard rain for the third straight Olympics. Both teams played with ten players after the 58th minute after one player from each team was red-carded.
| East Germany
| Soviet Union|
With five goals, Sergey Andreyev of Soviet Union is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 82 goals were scored by 52 different players, with only one of them credited as own goal.
Below the final ranking after the end of the tournament.
|2||East Germany (GDR)||6||4||1||1||12||2||+10||9|
|3||Soviet Union (URS)||6||5||0||1||19||3||+16||10|
|16||Costa Rica (CRC)||3||0||0||3||2||9||−7||0|