Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport
|Operator||Broward County Aviation Department|
|Location||unincorporated Broward County, Florida|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||65 ft / 20 m|
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport (IATA: FLL, ICAO: KFLL, FAA LID: FLL) is in Broward County, Florida, United States, The airport is off Interstate 595, U.S. Route 1, Florida State Road A1A, and Florida State Road 5 bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach, three miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale and 21 miles (34 kilometers) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. With over 700 daily flights to 135 domestic and international destinations, FLL has become an intercontinental gateway since the late 1990s, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights.
It is the largest base for Spirit Airlines, catering mainly to the airline's international to domestic network, and it is a focus city for JetBlue and Norwegian Air Shuttle. It is also a focus city for Allegiant Air and Southwest Airlines. In 2016, the top five air carriers by market share were JetBlue at 24.1%, Southwest Airlines at 21.2%, Spirit Airlines at 20.6%, Delta Air Lines at 9.7%, and United Airlines at 6.1%. FLL is ranked as the 18th busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States, as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway and one of the world's 50 busiest airports. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic. In 2018, the airport processed 35,963,370 passengers (10.6% more than 2017) including 8,608,363 international passengers (19.8% more than 2017).
Merle Fogg Airport opened on an abandoned 9-hole golf course on May 1, 1929. At the start of World War II, it was commissioned by the United States Navy and renamed Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale. The base was initially used for refitting civil airliners for military service before they were ferried across the Atlantic to Europe and North Africa. NAS Fort Lauderdale later became a main training base for Naval Aviators and enlisted naval air crewmen flying the Grumman TBF and TBM Avenger for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps aboard aircraft carriers and from expeditionary airfields ashore. NAS Fort Lauderdale was the home base for Flight 19, the five TBM Avengers that disappeared in December 1945, leading in part to the notoriety of the Bermuda Triangle.
NAS Fort Lauderdale closed on October 1, 1946 and was transferred to county control, becoming Broward County International Airport.
Commercial flights to Nassau began on June 2, 1953, and domestic flights began in 1958-1959: Northeast Airlines and National Airlines DC-6Bs flew nonstop to Idlewild, and Northeast flew nonstop to Washington National. In 1959 the airport opened its first permanent terminal building and assumed its current name.
In 1966, the airport averaged 48 airline operations a day; in 1972, it averaged 173 a day.
The Feb 1966 Official Airline Guide shows three nonstop departures to New York-Kennedy and no other nonstop flights beyond Tampa and Orlando. Five years later. FLL had added nonstop flights to Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis, New York-La Guardia, Newark, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh. (Northeast's nonstop to Los Angeles had already been dropped.)
By 1974, the airport was served by Braniff International Airways, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines, Northwest Orient Airlines, Shawnee Airlines and United Airlines. Delta and Eastern were the dominant carriers, with 12 and 14 routes from FLL respectively. By 1979, following deregulation, Air Florida, Bahamasair, Florida Airlines, Mackey International Airlines, Republic Airlines, Trans World Airlines and Western Airlines also served the airport.
Low-cost airline traffic grew in the 1990s, with Southwest opening its base in 1996, Spirit in 1999, and JetBlue in 2000. Spirit Airlines made FLL a hub in 2002. In 2003, JetBlue made FLL a focus city. US Airways also planned a hub at Fort Lauderdale in the mid-2000s as part of its reorganization strategy before its merger with America West.
Low-cost competition forced several major legacy airlines to cut back service to FLL, with United pulling out of the airport entirely in 2008 and American Airlines moving its New York and Los Angeles services to West Palm Beach in 2013.
During the 2005 hurricane season FLL was affected by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma. Katrina struck land in late August as a Category 1 and made landfall on Keating Beach just two miles from the airport (near the border of Broward and Miami-Dade counties) with 80 mph (130 km/h) winds but caused only minor damage; however, the airport was closed for about a 48-hour period. However, when Hurricane Wilma made landfall in October roof damage was reported along with broken windows, damaged jetways, and destroyed canopies. The airport was closed for a period of 5 days. Hurricane Wilma was a Category 2 when its center passed to the west of FLL.
In February 2007, the airport started fees to all users, including private aircraft. FLL is one of the few airports to administer fees to private pilots. A minimum charge of $10 is assessed on landing private aircraft.
On October 11, 2016, Emirates announced that they would operate a flight from Dubai to Ft. Lauderdale daily using a Boeing 777-200LR. The airline decided on Fort Lauderdale instead of Miami, which has considerably longer runways and better facilities for long haul flights, because of its codeshare agreement with JetBlue. The airline started flying in December 2016. On October 27, 2016, British Airways announced a flight from London Gatwick to Ft. Lauderdale three times a week, which began on July 6, 2017.
In August 2017, there were 102 aircraft based at this airport: 6 single-engine, 17 multi-engine, 68 jet and 11 helicopter.
Silver Airways has its headquarters in Suite 201 of the 1100 Lee Wagener Blvd building. When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.
In 2003 plans to expand the facility started. Proposed improvements include an extension of runway 10R/28L, construction and modifications to the airport's taxiway system to provide for increased speed, improved inter-terminal passenger movement and extensive terminal upgrades. The plan was updated a second time on April 25, 2006. Complaints by nearby communities about noise, along with concerns about buyout requirements, delayed construction that is expected to keep Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport viable through 2020.
On June 5, 2007 Broward County commissioners voted six to three in favor of extending the southern 10R/28L runway. The proposal looked to extend the runway to 8,000 ft in order to accommodate larger aircraft and to allow airplanes to land side by side at the same time. The proposal was approved by the FAA and expansion of the south runway is now complete, with the opening of the runway in September 2014. The crosswind runway (13/31) was decommissioned on May 6, 2013. All four terminals, now having 63 gates, will have 97 with the completion of a new long-haul international Terminal Four and Concourse A at Terminal One. By 2020, Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood is projected to handle 36 million passengers annually.
During and after the expansion of runway 10R/28L, reconstruction of Terminal Four will begin at the cost of $450 million. The H concourse will be demolished to build the new "G" concourse. In this process four new gates will be added. Concession space will be increased from 2,128 ft² to 28,000 ft² and a secure walkway will be added to connect terminals three and four.
On June of 2019, north runway closed for maintenance, reducing the number of passengers flying in until October 2019. The airport has last seen major renovations on the north runway since 2004, with parts of the runway still dating back to 1943.
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport has four terminals. Terminal 1, commonly referred to as "The New Terminal," opened in stages between 2001 and 2003 and was designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum and Cartaya Associates. The other three terminals were constructed in 1986 and designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills as part of a $263 million construction project. Terminal 4, commonly referred to as the International Terminal, was inaugurated by a Concorde visit in 1983. Since 2005, T4 has been undergoing renovations and a major expansion designed by PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The airport announced that Terminal 1, common known as "The New Terminal", underwent $300 million makeover. Construction began in late 2015 and was completed in June 2017.
|Air Canada||Seasonal: Halifax|||
|Air Canada Rouge|| Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson|
Seasonal Ottawa (begins October 27, 2019)
|Air Transat|| Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson|
Seasonal: Halifax, Québec City, Vancouver (begins December 20, 2019)
|Alaska Airlines|| Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma|
Seasonal: San Francisco
|Allegiant Air|| Allentown, Asheville, Belleville/St. Louis, Columbus-Rickenbacker, Charlotte-Concord, Cincinnati, Flint, Greenville/Spartanburg, Indianapolis, Knoxville, Lexington, Louisville, Memphis, Norfolk, Plattsburgh (NY), Syracuse|
Seasonal: Grand Rapids
|American Airlines||Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia|||
|Azul Brazilian Airlines||Belém, Campinas, Recife|||
|British Airways||London-Gatwick (ends September 7, 2019)|||
|Caribbean Airlines||Kingston, Port of Spain|||
|Copa Airlines||Panama City-Tocumen|||
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City|||
|Delta Connection||Seasonal: Raleigh/Durham|
|Frontier Airlines|| Long Island/Islip, Trenton|
Seasonal: Cincinnati (resumes October 11, 2019),Cleveland (resumes October 10, 2019),Denver
|IBC Airways||Guantánamo Bay, San Juan|||
|JetBlue|| Aguadilla, Albany, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Barbados, Bogotá, Boston, Buffalo, Camagüey, Cancún, Cartagena, Charleston (SC), Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Grand Cayman, Guayaquil, Hartford, Havana, Holguín, Jacksonville (FL), Kingston-Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Lima, Los Angeles, Medellín-JMC, Mexico City, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Newburgh, Philadelphia, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, Providence, Providenciales, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santa Clara, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo-Las Americas, St. Maarten, Washington-National, White Plains, Worcester|
Seasonal: Hayden/Steamboat Springs
| Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm-Arlanda|
Seasonal: Barcelona, Copenhagen, Rome-Fiumicino
|Silver Airways||Freeport, George Town, Governor's Harbour, Key West, Marsh Harbour, New Bight, North Eleuthera, Orlando, Pensacola (FL), South Bimini, Tallahassee, Tampa, Treasure Cay|||
|SkyBahamas Airlines||Freeport, Marsh Harbour, New Bight, South Bimini|||
|Southwest Airlines|| Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Boston (begins November 9, 2019),Cancún, Chicago-Midway, Columbus-Glenn, Dallas-Love, Denver, Grand Cayman, Havana, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Long Island/Islip, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, Orlando, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Providence, Providenciales, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, St. Louis, Tampa, Washington-National|
Seasonal: Albany, Birmingham (AL) (begins November 3, 2019),Buffalo, Cleveland (begins November 23, 2019),Hartford, Manchester (NH), Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-LaGuardia, Philadelphia
|Spirit Airlines|| Aguadilla, Armenia (Colombia), Aruba, Asheville, Atlanta, Atlantic City, Austin, Baltimore, Bogotá, Boston, Cali, Cancún, Cartagena, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus-Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Greensboro, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Hartford, Houston-Intercontinental, Jacksonville (FL), Kingston-Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Latrobe/Pittsburgh, Lima, Los Angeles, Managua, Medellín-JMC, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nashville (begins October 10, 2019),Newark, New Orleans, New York-LaGuardia, Niagara Falls, Orlando, Panama City, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Plattsburgh (NY), Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Croix, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, Tampa|
Seasonal: Kansas City, Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Swoop||Hamilton (ON), Winnipeg (begins November 16, 2019)|||
|Freeport, Great Harbour Cay, Marsh Harbour, North Bimini, St. Petersburg-Downtown, Treasure Cay|||
|United Airlines|| Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles|
|United Express||Seasonal: Cleveland|
Seasonal: Calgary, St. John's
|Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Key West, Lubbock, Marathon, Memphis, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Tampa|
|UPS Airlines||Fort Myers, Hartford, Louisville, Miami, Orlando|
|1||Atlanta, Georgia||1,356,000||Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|2||Newark, New Jersey||848,000||JetBlue, Spirit, United|
|3||New York-LaGuardia, New York||717,000||Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|4||Baltimore, Maryland||619,000||Southwest, Spirit|
|5||New York-JFK, New York||592,000||Delta, JetBlue|
|6||Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois||482,000||American, JetBlue, Spirit, United|
|7||San Juan, Puerto Rico||444,000||JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|8||Detroit, Michigan||435,000||Delta, Spirit|
|9||Boston, Massachusetts||433,000||Delta, JetBlue Spirit|
|10||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||419,000||American, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|1||Nassau, Bahamas||504,136||Bahamasair, JetBlue, Southwest|
|2||Toronto-Pearson, Canada||438,775||Air Canada, Air Transat, Sunwing, WestJet|
|3||Montréal, Canada||403,060||Air Canada, Air Transat, Sunwing, WestJet|
|4||Port-au-Prince, Haiti||394,373||JetBlue, Spirit|
|5||Montego Bay, Jamaica||373,076||Caribbean, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|6||San José, Costa Rica||338,299||JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|7||Cancún, Mexico||332,502||JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|8||Havana, Cuba||291,061||JetBlue, Southwest|
|9||Kingston, Jamaica||265,700||Caribbean, JetBlue, Spirit|
|10||Bogotá, Colombia||251,409||Avianca, JetBlue, Spirit|
|4||Delta Air Lines||3,393,000||12.56%|
Internationally known artist and sculptor Duane Hanson created an installation for his work "Vendor with Walkman" at the Departure Level of Terminal 3 at the airport. Hamson, who retired and died in nearby Boca Raton, created a seated middle-aged man wearing a red T-shirt, blue pants, baseball cap and listening to a walkman during a break. The installation accessories give additional clues to the narrative of the artwork: toy airplane, various signs, and announcement for the shop, janitorial supplies.
The artwork has since been moved to Terminal 1 Arrival Level.
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport is near the Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport at Dania Beach train station, served by Amtrak intercity trains and Tri-Rail commuter trains. The latter provides a shuttle bus service from the station to three locations at the airport, all on the lower level: the west end of terminal 1, between terminals 2 and 3, and between terminals 3 and 4. The shuttles operate 7 days a week and are free for Tri-Rail customers.
The terminals are accessible by U.S. Route 1. Other major roads that border the airport include Florida State Road 818, Interstate 95, and Interstate 595. U.S. Route 1 includes an underpass under Runway 10R/28L.
Ride-sharing apps can also be used to and from the airport in designated pickup and drop-off places found between Terminals 1 and 2 and Terminals 3 and 4.
The airport also offers airport parking and operates a consolidated rental car facility which can be accessed from Terminal 1 by a short walk and from the other terminals by a free shuttle bus service.
On May 18, 1972, an Eastern Air Lines McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 had its landing gear collapse and tail section separate during landing. The aircraft then caught fire but all passengers and crew were able to safely evacuate.
On May 26, 1979, an Inter Island Shipping Inc. Howard 350 crashed when one engine lost power shortly after takeoff during a forced landing, impacting trees near FLL. Both occupants died. Contaminated fluid was found in the carburetor of the engine.
On July 7, 1983, Air Florida Flight 8 with 47 people on board was flying from Fort Lauderdale International Airport to Tampa International Airport. One of the passengers handed a note to one of the flight attendants, saying that he had a bomb, and telling them to fly the plane to Havana, Cuba. He revealed a small athletic bag, which he opened, and inside was an apparent explosive device. The airplane was diverted to Havana-José Martí International Airport, and the hijacker was taken into custody by Cuban authorities.
On November 19, 2013, an Air Evac International Learjet 35 crashed shortly after take-off from the airport, on its way to Cozumel, Mexico, after calling mayday and during an attempt to return to the airport, possibly due to engine failure, leaving 4 persons dead.
On October 29, 2015, Dynamic Airways Flight 405, a Boeing 767-246ER (N251MY) was taxiing to a runway to take off for a flight to Caracas, Venezuela. when its left engine caught fire due to a fuel leak. The crew immediately stopped the airplane and fire crews arrived on the scene. All 101 passengers and crew were evacuated the aircraft, and 17 passengers were transported to a hospital. All runways were shut down and air operations ceased at the airport for three hours.
On October 28, 2016, Fedex Express Flight 910, a McDonnell Douglas MD-10-10F cargo aircraft (N370FE) arriving from Memphis, Tennessee, caught fire after its left landing gear collapsed upon landing. The fire destroyed its left engine and wing. The three-person crew evacuated the aircraft safely.
On January 6, 2017, a mass shooting occurred in the baggage claim area of Terminal 2 of the airport. Five people were killed, six others were injured. The shooter was taken into custody without incident and was identified by authorities as Esteban Santiago-Ruiz. Santiago acted alone. In May 2018, Santiago plead guilty to the killings to avoid the death penalty as part of a plea deal. The specifics of the plea deal call for him to serve five consecutive life sentences followed by 120 years in prison without a right to appeal. Santiago was sentenced to five consecutive life terms plus 120 years in prison on August 17, 2018.
In an effort to improve response time to airspace violations over Mar-a-Lago, the U.S. Air Force plans to station fighter jets at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport during President Trump's visits, the North American Aerospace Defense Command said.
Media related to Fort Lauderdale - Hollywood International Airport at Wikimedia Commons