Fort Scott, Kansas
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Fort Scott, Kansas
Fort Scott, Kansas
Downtown Fort Scott (2006)
Downtown Fort Scott (2006)
Location within Bourbon County and Kansas
Location within Bourbon County and Kansas
KDOT map of Bourbon County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°50?7?N 94°42?7?W / 37.83528°N 94.70194°W / 37.83528; -94.70194Coordinates: 37°50?7?N 94°42?7?W / 37.83528°N 94.70194°W / 37.83528; -94.70194
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyBourbon
Founded1850s
Platted1857
Incorporated1860
Named forGen. Winfield Scott
Area
 o Total5.63 sq mi (14.58 km2)
 o Land5.59 sq mi (14.47 km2)
 o Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation
846 ft (258 m)
Population
 o Total8,087
 o Estimate 
(2019)[3]
7,697
 o Density1,377.91/sq mi (532.01/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66701
Area code620
FIPS code20-24000 [4]
GNIS ID0474788 [5]
Websitefscity.org

Fort Scott is a city in and the county seat of Bourbon County, Kansas,[6] United States, 88 miles (142 km) south of Kansas City, on the Marmaton River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 8,087.[7] It is the home of the Fort Scott National Historic Site and the Fort Scott National Cemetery. Fort Scott is named for Gen. Winfield Scott.[8]

History

Established and garrisoned by the U.S. Army from 1842-1853, soldiers at military Fort Scott assisted with the protection of the Permanent Indian Frontier. After the army abandoned the fort in 1853, the buildings were purchased by local settlers at a government auction in 1855. The community of Fort Scott was laid out in 1857.[9]

Between 1855 and 1861, the citizens of Fort Scott experienced the violent unrest that preceded the American Civil War on the Kansas and Missouri border. Eastern newspapers described this violence as "Bleeding Kansas", a result of the national controversy concerning the extension of slavery into the new territories. On January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the union as a free state, but the turmoil of "Bleeding Kansas" continued throughout the Civil War.[]

During the Civil War, Fort Scott was a U.S Army district Headquarters, quartermaster supply depot, training center, and recruitment station. It was strategically vital to the defense of Kansas and the Midwest. A battle over the fort occurred in August 1861 just across the Missouri line in the Battle of Dry Wood Creek. The battle was a pro-South victory for Sterling Price and his Missouri State Guard. Price did not hold the fort and instead continued a northern push into Missouri in an attempt to recapture the state. James H. Lane (Senator) was to launch a Jayhawker offensive behind Price from Fort Scott that led to the Sacking of Osceola. The ill will of these actions was to be the basis for the 1976 Clint Eastwood film The Outlaw Josey Wales.[]

After the Civil War, Fort Scott was a premier city of the frontier, one of the largest cities in eastern Kansas. On three occasions, between 1870 and 1900, Fort Scott was in competition with Kansas City to become the largest railroad center west of the Mississippi.[10] During the first half of the 20th century, Fort Scott became an agricultural and small industrial center which it continues to be today.[]

Downtown fire

Downtown Fort Scott fire (2005)

On March 11, 2005, a fire destroyed several historic buildings in Fort Scott's downtown. The Victorian-era buildings were among many that are a symbol of the town.[11]

Geography

Fort Scott is located at 37°50?7?N 94°42?7?W / 37.83528°N 94.70194°W / 37.83528; -94.70194 (37.835180, -94.702015)[12] at an elevation of 846 feet (258 m).[5] It lies on the Osage Plains on the south side of the Marmaton River. Located at the intersection of U.S. Routes 54 and 69 in southeast Kansas, Fort Scott is approximately 54 miles (87 km) north of Joplin, Missouri, 92 miles (148 km) south of Kansas City, and 143 miles (230 km) east of Wichita.[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.59 square miles (14.48 km2), of which 5.55 square miles (14.37 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[14]

Climate

Fort Scott has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cool winters. The average temperature in Fort Scott is 57 °F or 13.9 °C with temperatures exceeding 90 °F or 32.2 °C on an average of 81 afternoons a year and dropping below 32 °F or 0 °C during an average of 97 mornings per year. On average, Fort Scott experiences 69.5 rainy days a year. Annual snowfall averages 16.7 inches or 0.42 metres.[15] Precipitation averages 44.1 inches or 1,120 millimetres per year. On average, January is the coolest month, July the hottest and June the wettest. The hottest temperature recorded in Fort Scott was 120 °F (48.9 °C) in 1954, the coldest being -18 °F (-27.8 °C) in 1989.[16]

Climate data for Fort Scott, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
83
(28)
91
(33)
97
(36)
98
(37)
106
(41)
120
(49)
113
(45)
110
(43)
99
(37)
84
(29)
75
(24)
120
(49)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
47
(8)
57
(14)
68
(20)
77
(25)
86
(30)
91
(33)
90
(32)
82
(28)
71
(22)
55
(13)
44
(7)
67
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(-7)
25
(-4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
55
(13)
64
(18)
69
(21)
66
(19)
57
(14)
46
(8)
34
(1)
24
(-4)
45
(7)
Record low °F (°C) -16
(-27)
-14
(-26)
-6
(-21)
17
(-8)
30
(-1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
48
(9)
30
(-1)
18
(-8)
0
(-18)
-18
(-28)
-18
(-28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.58
(40)
1.86
(47)
3.34
(85)
4.01
(102)
4.94
(125)
5.71
(145)
4.36
(111)
3.83
(97)
4.69
(119)
4.28
(109)
3.46
(88)
2.08
(53)
44.14
(1,121)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.1
(10)
4.0
(10)
3.2
(8.1)
0.4
(1.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.3
(3.3)
3.6
(9.1)
16.7
(41.75)
Source: The Weather Channel;[16] Weatherbase[15]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,087 people, 3,285 households, and 1,941 families living in the city. The population density was 1,457.1 inhabitants per square mile (562.6/km2). There were 3,819 housing units at an average density of 688.1 per square mile (265.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 4.7% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 3,285 households, of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 35.2 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 22.5% were from 45 to 64; and 18.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,297 people, 3,481 households, and 2,081 families living in the city. The population density was 1,529.4 people per square mile (590.0/km2). There were 3,914 housing units at an average density of 278.3 persons/km2 (721.5 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 91.53% White, 5.15% African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 1.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,481 households, out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 40.2% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,871, and the median income for a family was $34,531. Males had a median income of $25,919 versus $20,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,997. About 10.9% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Fort Scott Carnegie Library (2013)

Colleges

Fort Scott Community College, founded in 1919, is the oldest community college in the state of Kansas.

Schools

Fort Scott USD 234 includes two public elementary schools (Eugene Ware Elementary and Winfield Scott Elementary), one public middle school (Fort Scott Middle School) and one high school (Fort Scott High School). There is also a Catholic school for grades K-5, Fort Scott Christian Heights for K-12 and a few other small private schools for students from grades K-12. There is also a public preschool in the old middle school building.

Points of Interest

Gunn Park

Shelter house 1 was one of the first structures built in the park.

Gunn Park is a 155 acre park that has seven shelter houses, two lakes for fishing and multiple playground areas. There are 14 camping sites available with electricity and water.[17] In 1999, a nine hole Frisbee golf course was added through a joint effort of the City of Fort Scott and the Kiwanis Club of Fort Scott.[18] The Disc Golf Course was later expanded to 18 holes. There are two fishing lakes available at Gunn Park.[19] From October 15th to April 15th, Fern Lake is stocked with trout.[20] There are several playground areas located throughout the park with updated equipment. Approximately, 6.5 miles of single track, mountain bike trails have been added in the timber, and along the Marmaton River. These trails provide adventure and exercise for mountain bike riders, trail runners as well as hikers.[21] Gunn Park has 7 shelter houses, 4 are enclosed shelters and 3 are open shelters. Shelters can be reserved at City Hall.[22]

The first shelter house of stone was built in 1910 on the first lake (Fern Lake). There was a large wood theater building on the other side of Fern Lake with a seating capacity of 800. During special events such as July 4th, the street cars would take as many as 10,000 people to the park in one day.

In 1999, a nine hole Frisbee golf course was added to Gunn Park through a joint effort of the City of Fort Scott and the Kiwanis Club of Fort Scott. It was recently made an 18 hole course.

Media

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011.[dead link]
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 129.
  9. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 147.
  10. ^ Banwart, Donald B. "Rails, Rivalry and Romance." (ISBN 0960156836)
  11. ^ "Fire destroys downtown Fort Scott buildings".
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved .
  15. ^ a b "Historical Weather for Fort Scott, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved .
  16. ^ a b "Average weather for Fort Scott, KS". The Weather Channel. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Camping Sites | Fort Scott, KS". www.fscity.org.
  18. ^ "Gunn Park". Fort Scott, Kansas Tourism.
  19. ^ "Fishing | Fort Scott, KS". www.fscity.org.
  20. ^ Tourism, Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and. "Fort Scott Gunn Park Lake Fern". ksoutdoors.com.
  21. ^ "Gunn Park Trails Mountain Bike Trail, Fort Scott, Kansas". MTB Project.
  22. ^ "Shelter Houses | Fort Scott, KS". www.fscity.org.
  23. ^ "New Mexico Governor William Calhoun McDonald". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2012.

Further reading

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Fort_Scott,_Kansas
 



 



 
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