Francisco Javier Castanos, 1st Duke of Bailen
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Francisco Javier Castanos, 1st Duke of Bailen

The Duke of Bailén
General Castaños anciano.jpg
An elderly Castaños, by Vicente Lopez
President of the Council of Regency

1 February 1810 - 29 May 1810
MonarchFernando VI
President of the Estamento of Próceres

10 April 1834 - 12 July 1835
The Duke of Ahumada
Personal details
Francisco Javier Castaños y Urioste

22 April 1758
Madrid, Spain
Died22 April 1852(1852-04-22) (aged 93)
Madrid, Spain
The Surrender of Bailén, by José Casado del Alisal, Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain. Castaños is in the White uniform.

Francisco Javier Castaños y Aragorri, 1st Duke of Bailén (22 April 1758 – 24 September 1852),[] was a Spanish general during the Napoleonic Wars. He was the 1st President of the Senate of Spain between July and September 1834.


Castaños was born at Madrid.[]

Castaños is remembered for his victory over the French under Dupont, whom he surrounded and compelled to surrender at the decisive Battle of Bailen in 1808, being on that moment in command of the "Army of the South", the biggest Spanish military unit during the Napoleonic War; after this he served under Wellington in several engagements, and was commander of the Spanish army, if required, to invade France in 1815. Recent evidence suggests Castaños may have played a crucial role in the Allied army's success at the Battle of Albuera.[1]

Castaños died at Madrid in 1852.[]


  1. ^ "But for Castaños' efforts to get him to stand and fight, Beresford would have retreated behind the Guadiana" (Esdaile 2003, p. 343).


  • Esdaile, Charles J. (2003). The Peninsular War: A New History. MacMillan. ISBN 978-1-4039-6231-7.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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