Francisco De Bobadilla
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Francisco De Bobadilla

Francisco de Bobadilla
Francisco de Bobadilla y Cristóbal Colón.gif
Francisco de Bobadilla arresting Columbus
Governor of the Indies

May 21, 1499 - July 11, 1502
MonarchCatholic Monarchs
Christopher Columbus
Nicolas de Ovando
Personal details
ChildrenIsabel de Bobadilla y Peñalosa [es]
RelativesBeatriz de Bobadilla (sister)

Francisco Fernández de Bobadilla (c. 1450, Kingdom of Aragon - 11 July 1502, Mona Passage) was a Spanish conquistador, colonial administrator, and Knight of the Order of Calatrava. He was the second Governor of the West Indies, replacing Christopher Columbus.

Biography

As a member of the Order of Calatrava, in 1499, de Bobadilla was appointed to succeed Christopher Columbus as the second Governor of the Indies, Spain's new territories in the New World, by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.

Upon his arrival in the Colony of Santo Domingo on Hispaniola in August 1500, de Bobadilla upheld accusations of mismanagement made against Columbus, and had Columbus sent back to Spain in chains.[1]

Bobadilla also pardoned Francisco Roldán, who had revolted against the rule of Columbus's brother Bartholomew Columbus.[2]

During his short term as governor, he canceled mining taxes in a successful attempt to stimulate gold production. But this action may have offended the crown and possibly lead to his recall to Spain. [3]

In 1502, he was replaced as Governor of the Indies by Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres. Diego Columbus arrived in Santo Domingo in April 1502, with Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres' flotilla.[4]

He died on 11 July [O.S. 1 July] 1502 during a hurricane that wrecked 20 vessels of the 31-ship convoy, including the flagship, El Dorado, in the Mona Passage returning to Spain. Among the surviving ships was the Aguja, the weakest ship of the convoy and which carried the gold Columbus was owed--spurring accusations that Columbus magically invoked the storm out of vengeance.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot (1942), Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus, Boston: Little, Brown and Co., p. 571.
  2. ^ Peter Bakewell, "A History of Latin America to 1825: 3rd Edition", pg 114 Wiley Blackwell, 2010. Retrieved 4/11/2016.
  3. ^ Peter Bakewell, "A History of Latin America to 1825: 3rd Edition", pg 114 Wiley Blackwell, 2010. Retrieved 4/11/2016.
  4. ^ Floyd, Troy (1973). The Columbus Dynasty in the Caribbean, 1492-1526. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. p. 54.
  5. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot (1942), p. 590.
Government offices
Preceded by
Christopher Columbus
Viceroy of the Indies
1500-1502
Succeeded by
Nicolás de Ovando



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