Free Software, Free Society
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Free Software, Free Society
Free Software, Free Society: Selected Essays of Richard M. Stallman is a collection of writings (mostly essays, with occasional articles, interviews and speech transcripts) by Richard Stallman. It introduces the subject of history and development of the GNU Project and the Free Software Foundation, explains authors philosophical position on Free Software movement, deals with the topics of software ethics, copyright and patent laws, as well as business practices in application to computer software. The author proposes Free software licenses (mostly GPL) as a solution to social issues created by proprietary software and described in essays.
The introduction is written by Lawrence Lessig, professor at Harvard Law School.
The book is available online allowing verbatim (without making changes) copying and distribution of the whole collection, while each essay is licensed under Creative Commons CC BY-ND 4.0 International License.
Three editions were published by GNU Press (in 2002, 2010 and 2015), each subsequent containing updated versions of the original essays and new works about emerging contemporary issues.
The 3rd edition is divided into seven main parts:
- The GNU Project and Free Software - defines four essential software freedoms, shows ethical and social advantages of using and creating free software and explains Stallmans personal background on starting the GNU Project. It contains the original announcement of the project which became part of GNU Manifesto.
- What's in a Name? - is dedicated to explaining Stallmans position on many naming conventions he considers wrong (intellectual property), harmful (free versus open-source), or in need of clarification (GNU/Linux naming controversy).
- Copyright and Injustice - explains why current interpretation of copyright law does not meet the original purpose and goes as far as to state that is even detrimental to it. Notably, it contains a short story entitled The Right to Read.
- Software Patents: Danger to Programmers - does similar demonstration for patent law.
- Free Software Licensing - is dedicated to justifying a need for free software licenses, describing differences between them and explaining copyleft. It contains a full text of the GNU General Public License, the GNU Lesser General Public License and the GNU Free Documentation License.
- Traps and Challenges - outlines existing dangers to software freedom, like DRM or software as a service.
- Value Community and Your Freedom - is a set of essays on many topics, mainly Stallmans reflections on the community, society and democracy.
In addition, the book contains three appendices: