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Freeze Frame Shot
In film and video, a freeze frame is when a single frame of content shows repeatedly on the screen--"freezing" the action. This can be done in the content itself, by printing (on film) or recording (on video) multiple copies of the same source frame. This produces a static shot that resembles a still photograph.
Freeze frame is also a term in live stage performance, for a technique in which actors freeze at a particular point to enhance a scene or show an important moment in production. Spoken word may enhance the effect, with one or more characters telling their personal thoughts regarding the situation.
- The 1970s television series of Wonder Woman had its episodes end with a freeze-frame of Diana Prince smiling.
- The American TV show NCIS--a spin-off of the series JAG--often uses freeze-frame shots, referred to in that programs's production as "phoofs" or "foofs" due to the sound effect that accompanies them, which was created by NCIS's creator and Executive Producer Donald P. Bellisario hitting a microphone with his hand . These short black and white freeze frames depict an event that will occur later in the episode, and usually last for three seconds. The program first used the technique in the fourth episode of the second season of NCIS, Lt. Jane Doe, and have appeared in every episode since, with a typical episode containing four or five freeze frames that include main characters and sometimes also one-off or recurring characters.
- Freeze frames were parodied in the 1982 sitcom Police Squad!. Each episode ended -- and the credits rolled over -- a "freeze frame" shot emulating those of 1970s dramas. However, the scene was not actually frozen. The actors simply stood motionless in position while other activities (pouring coffee, a convict escaping, a chimpanzee throwing paper) continued around them.