French Colonies
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French Colonies

During the 19th and 20th centuries, the French colonial empire was the second largest colonial empire behind the British Empire; it extended over 12,898,000 km2 (4,980,000 sq mi) of land at its height in the 1920s and 1930s. In terms of population however, on the eve of World War II, France and her colonial possessions totaled only 110 million inhabitants, compared to 330 million for British India alone.

France began to establish colonies in North America, the Caribbean and India, following Spanish and Portuguese successes during the Age of Discovery, in rivalry with Britain. A series of wars with Britain during the 18th century and early 19th century, which France finally lost, almost ended its colonial ambitions in these regions, and without it what some historians term the "first" French colonial empire. In the 19th century, starting with the conquest of Algiers in 1830, France began to establish a new empire in Africa and Southeast Asia.

The following is a list of all countries that were part of the French colonial empires in the last 500 years, either entirely or in part, either under French sovereignty or as mandate.

In the Americas

This map shows the Louisiana Purchase area, which corresponds approximately with colonial French Louisiana.
Map of New France
Taking up of the Louisiana by La Salle in the name of the Kingdom of France

In Africa

Map of French colonies in Africa (in pink)

French North Africa

French West Africa

French Equatorial Africa

East Africa and Indian Ocean

In Asia

In Oceania

In Antarctica

Territory claim by France in Antarctic (Adélie Land)

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-20. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Domaines nationaux - Consulat Général de France à Jérusalem". Consulfrance-Jerusalem.org. Archived from the original on 2010-09-11. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "BnF - Voyage en Orient". expositions.bnf.fr. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Drapeau de Rurutu - Tahiti Heritage". www.tahitiheritage.pf. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Consulter le sujet - L'Australie serait-elle fran?§aise ?!... o [Forums". Francedownunder.com. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Godard, Philippe; Kerros, Tugdual de; Margot, Odette; Stanbury, Myra; Baxter, Sue; Western Australian Museum; Godard, Phillippe; De Kerros, Tugdual; Margot, Odette; Stanbury, Myra; Baxter, Sue (2008), 1772 : the French annexation of New Holland : the tale of Louis de Saint Aloürn, Western Australian Museum, ISBN 978-1-920843-98-4
  7. ^ Philippe Godard, Tugdual de Kerros 2002, "Louis de Saint Aloüarn, un marin breton à la conquête des terres australes", Les Portes du large, Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande, 331-336
  8. ^ "TAAF". Taaf.fr. Archived from the original on 2012-01-20. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Kerguelen - yves trémarec - james cook - asia - hillsborough - rhodes". Kerguelen-voyages.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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