Fukui Prefecture
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Fukui Prefecture
Fukui Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese
 o R?majiFukui-ken
Flag of Fukui Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Fukui Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Fukui Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionCh?bu (Hokuriku)
IslandHonsh?
CapitalFukui
SubdivisionsDistricts: 7, Municipalities: 17
Government
 o GovernorTatsuji Sugimoto
Area
 o Total4,190.49 km2 (1,617.96 sq mi)
Area rank34th
Population
(June 1, 2017)
 o Total778,943
 o Rank43rd
 o Density185.95/km2 (481.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-18
Websitewww.pref.fukui.jp/english/
Symbols
BirdDusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)
FlowerNarcissus (Narcissus tazetta)
TreePine tree (Pinus)

Fukui Prefecture (, Fukui-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Ch?bu region of Honsh?.[1] Fukui Prefecture has a population of 778,943 (1 June 2017) and has a geographic area of 4,190 km² (1,617 sq mi). Fukui Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the north, Gifu Prefecture to the east, Shiga Prefecture to the south, and Kyoto Prefecture to the southwest.

Fukui is the capital and largest city of Fukui Prefecture, with other major cities including Sakai, Echizen, and Sabae.[2] Fukui Prefecture is located on the Sea of Japan coast and is part of the historic Hokuriku region of Japan. The Matsudaira clan, a powerful samurai clan during the Edo period that became a component of the Japanese nobility after the Meiji Restoration, was headquartered at Fukui Castle on the site of the modern prefectural offices. Fukui Prefecture is home to the Kitadani Formation, the Ichij?dani Asakura Family Historic Ruins, and the T?jinb? cliff range.

Prehistory

The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded animals such As Fukuiraptor, Fukuisaurus, Nipponosaurus, Koshisaurus, Fukuivenator, Fukuititan and Tambatitanis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid.

History

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871.[3]

During the Edo period, the daimy? of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

During World War II, Fukui was heavily bombed and its palace, Fukui Castle, surrounded by a moat, was demolished. Buildings for the Fukui Prefectural government were built on the site of the castle.

Geography

Current map of Fukui Prefecture
     City      Town
Row of sakura, Asuwa River, Fukui, Fukui
Fukui City
Katsuyama

Fukui faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The province lays within Japan's "Snow country".

As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu K?gen Prefectural Natural Park.[4]

Cities

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

  • Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses.
  • There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture.[5]

Demographics

Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households.[6] As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 28.6% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 2015[6] and the population has decreased 2.6% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census.[7]

Culture

  • Ichij?dani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan.
  • Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares.
  • My?ts?-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.
  • Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.
  • Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can be seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
  • Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
  • Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
  • Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodles.[]
  • In August 2010 Fukui launched its own dating website entitled Fukui Marriage-Hunting Café in hopes of helping the declining population growth of Japan increase. Couples who meet in the site and continue on to marry receive monetary aid from the government as well as gifts.[8]
  • Fukui Prefecture was the subject of the 2011 book For Fukui's Sake: Two years in rural Japan, which documents the experiences of a British teacher, who lived and worked in ?no, Fukui.

Friendship cities

Education

University

Transportation

Railroad

Road

Expressway and Toll Road

  • Hokuriku Expressway
  • Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
  • Chubu Jukan Expressway
  • Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
  • Mount Hoonji Toll Road

National Highway

  • Route 8
  • Route 27
  • Route 157
  • Route 158
  • Route 161
  • Route 162
  • Route 303
  • Route 305
  • Route 364
  • Route 365
  • Route 367
  • Route 416
  • Route 417
  • Route 418
  • Route 476

Port

Tsuruga Port

Tourism

  • Ichij?dani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
  • Eihei-ji Temple
  • T?jinb?, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
  • Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
  • Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
  • Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukui-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, p. 217, at Google Books; "Ch?bu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukui" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, p. 217, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ Fujioka, Chisa. "Japan anti-nuclear movement gains traction as crisis drags on". Reuters. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  6. ^ a b "" [Fukui Prefecture Population Estimate] (in Japanese). Fukui Prefectural Government. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "?2? ?" [Regional distribution of population] (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ Ansari, Aziz; Klinenberg, Eric. Modern Romance. p. 155. ISBN 1594206279.

References

External links

Coordinates: 35°59?N 136°11?E / 35.983°N 136.183°E / 35.983; 136.183


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Fukui_Prefecture
 



 



 
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