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GHS Precautionary Statements
Standardized phrase giving advice about the correct handling of a dangerous chemical
a signal word - either Danger or Warning - where necessary
hazard statements, indicating the nature and degree of the risks posed by the product
the identity of the supplier (who might be a manufacturer or importer)
Each precautionary statement is designated a code, starting with the letter P and followed by three digits. Statements which correspond to related hazards are grouped together by code number, so the numbering is not consecutive. The code is used for reference purposes, for example to help with translations, but it is the actual phrase which should appear on labels and safety data sheets. Some precautionary phrases are combinations, indicated by a plus sign "+". In several cases, there is a choice of wording, for example "Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray": the supplier or regulatory agency should choose the appropriate wording for the product concerned.
General precautionary statements
Note: "..." = to be specified
P101: If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102: Keep out of reach of children.
P103: Read label before use.
Prevention precautionary statements
P201: Obtain special instructions before use.
P202: Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210: Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
P211: Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P220: Keep/Store away from clothing/.../combustible materials.
P221: Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles.
P222: Do not allow contact with air.
P223: Do not allow contact with water.
P230: Keep wetted with ...
P231: Handle and store contents under inert gas/...
P231+P232: Handle and store contents under inert gas. Protect from moisture
P232: Protect from moisture.
P233: Keep container tightly closed.
P234: Keep only in original container/packaging.
P235: Keep cool.
P235+P410: Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
P240: Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.
P241: Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/light/.../equipment.
P242: Use only non-sparking tools.
P243: Take action to prevent static discharges.
P244: Keep valves and fittings free from grease and oil
P250: Do not subject to grinding/shock/.../friction.
P251: Pressurized container - Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260: Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
^The United Nations has published the list of GHS precautionary statements in all UN official languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish): it can be found in Annex 3 of GHS Rev.2 for the corresponding language.
^A list of translations into all the European Union official languages can be found in Annex IV to the CLP Regulation, on pages 210-324 of the official English-language version.