Garibi Hatao ("Remove poverty") was the theme and slogan of Indira Gandhi's 1971 election campaign and later also used by her son Rajiv Gandhi and later by her Grandson Rahul Gandhi during his campaign for 2019 General election. The slogan and the proposed anti-poverty programs that came with it were designed to give Gandhi an independent national support, based on rural and urban poor, which would allow her to by-pass the dominant rural castes both in and out of state and local government; likewise the urban commercial class. And, for their part, the previously voiceless poor particularly Dalits and Adivasis would at last gain both political worth and political weight.
The programs created through garibi hatao, though carried out locally, were funded, developed, supervised, and staffed by Government officials in New Delhi and Congress Party officials. It was part of the 4th Five-Year Plan.