Get Garza County, Texas essential facts below, Events, or join the Garza County, Texas discussion. Add Garza County, Texas to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
1909-1913 C.W. Post builds a cotton gin, a cotton mill, and attempts to improve agriculture production through rainmaking, involving the heavy use of explosives fired from kites and towers along the rim of the Caprock Escarpment.
1934 Quanah and Bryan Maxey discover a sixteen-foot-long tusk of a prehistoric imperial mammoth. This tusk is currently located in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City, NY.
1957 A Prehistoric Indian site at Cowhead Mesa is recorded by Emmet Shedd of Post.
1960-1965 South Plains Archaeological Society excavations of Cowhead Mesa find artifacts to date inhabitation back to 2000 b.c.
1980 The most important business in the county are agribusiness, oil and gas extraction, and textile mills.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 896 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 893 square miles (2,310 km2) are land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.3%) are covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, 4,872 people, 1,663 households, and 1,217 families resided in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). The 1,928 housing units averaged 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.7% White, 4.8 African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 17.1 from other races, and 3.00% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 37.2% of the population.
Of the 1,663 households, 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were not families. About 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county, the population was distributed as 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,206, and for a family was $31,173. Males had a median income of $26,604 versus $18,105 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,704. About 17.50% of families and 22.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.60% of those under age 18 and 18.60% of those age 65 or over.