Gaspar Cassado
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Gaspar Cassado

Gaspar Cassadó i Moreu (30 September 1897 - 24 December 1966) was a Spanish cellist and composer of the early 20th century. He was born in Barcelona to a church musician father, Joaquim Cassadó, and began taking cello lessons at age seven. When he was nine, he played in a recital where Pablo Casals was in the audience; Casals immediately offered to teach him. The city of Barcelona awarded him a scholarship so that he could study with Casals in Paris.

He was also the author of several notable musical hoaxes,[1] notably the "Toccata"[2] that he attributed to Frescobaldi.[3]

The personal papers of Cassadó's father are preserved in the Biblioteca de Catalunya. Gaspar's own papers, along with those of his wife, the pianist Chieko Hara, are preserved at the Tamagawa University Museum of Education.[4]

Gaspar Cassadó during the first of three acclaimed tours of Southern Africa, organised by Hans Adler [1]

Compositions

Original works

Cassadó's many transcriptions are listed below his original works.

Concertos

This piece, like the Suite for Cello Solo, is influenced by Spanish and Oriental folk music, and Impressionism. Cassadó studied composition with Maurice Ravel, and a Ravel-influenced "carnival music" appears in the second theme of the first movement. The second movement is a theme and variations which leads directly to a pentatonic Rondo.

Solo cello works

The Suite, like the Cello Concerto and the Piano Trio, came from one Cassadó's most prolific periods, in the mid-1920s. It consists of three dance movements: Preludio-Fantasia (a Zarabanda); Sardana; and Intermezzo e Danza Finale (a Jota). The first movement includes quotations from Zoltán Kodály's Sonata for Cello Solo, Op. 8, and the famous flute solo from Maurice Ravel's ballet Daphnis et Chloé. The sardana of the second movement is a traditional dance from Catalonia.

Solo guitar works

  • Canción de Leonardo
  • Catalanesca
  • Dos Cantos Populares Finlandeses (Two Finnish Folk Songs)
  • Leyenda Catalana
  • Préambulo y Sardana
  • Sardana Chigiana

Works for cello and piano

  • Allegretto Grazioso "After Schubert"
  • Archares 1954
  • Danse du diable vert (Dance of the Green Devil) for violin or cello 1926
  • La Pendule, la Fileuse et le Galant 1925
  • Lamento de Boabdil 1931
  • Minuetto "After Paderewski"
  • Morgenlied 1957
  • Partita 1935
  • Pastorale "After Couperin"
  • Rapsodia del Sur
  • Requiebros 1934
  • Serenade 1925
  • Sonata in A minor 1925
  • Sonata nello stile antico spagnuolo (Sonata in an "Old Spanish Style") 1925
  • Toccata "After Frescobaldi" 1925

Chamber works

  • Piano Trio in C major 1926/1929
  • String Quartet No. 1 in F minor 1929
  • String Quartet No. 2 in G major 1930
  • String Quartet No. 3 in C minor 1933

Transcriptions

Concerto transcriptions

Cassadó transformed nine of Tchaikovsky's pieces into a concerto. He used No. 18 Scene dansante (Invitation au trepak), No. 3 Tendres Reproches and No. 14 Chant Elegiaque in the first movement; No. 5 Meditation and No. 8 Dialogue in the second and No. 4 Danse Caracteristique, No. 2 Berceuse, No. 17 Passe Lointain and No. 1 Impromptu in the third. This concerto was a favorite of Cassadó's. It was published in 1940 by Edition Schott No. 3743.
Cassadó completely rewrote the Concerto for his colleague Andrés Segovia. The transcription features a solo string quartet, and trumpet fanfares make it reminiscent of Rodrigo.

Transcriptions for solo cello

Cassadó transposed the suite to F major from its original key of E-flat major.

Transcriptions for cello and piano

References

  1. ^ Walter Schenkman, "Cassadó's Frescobaldi: A Case of Mistaken Identity or Outright Hoax," American String Teacher 28, no. 2 (Spring 1978): 26-27.
  2. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=yX76aMi1w-Q
  3. ^ http://www.cello.org/newsletter/articles/cassado/chapter2.htm
  4. ^ http://www.cello.org/Newsletter/Articles/cassado/appxa.htm

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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