Gena Rowlands
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Gena Rowlands

Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands 1968.jpg
Rowlands in 1968
Born
Virginia Cathryn Rowlands

(1930-06-19) June 19, 1930 (age 90)
Alma materAmerican Academy of Dramatic Arts
OccupationActress
Years active1952-2014
(m. 1954; died 1989)

Robert Forrest
(m. 2012)
Children
Parent(s)Edwin Myrwyn Rowlands
Lady Rowlands

Virginia Cathryn "Gena" Rowlands (born June 19, 1930) is a retired American actress, whose career in film, stage, and television has spanned over six decades. A four-time Emmy and two-time Golden Globe winner, she is known for her collaborations with her late actor-director husband John Cassavetes in ten films, including A Woman Under the Influence (1974) and Gloria (1980), which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She also won the Silver Bear for Best Actress for Opening Night (1977). She is also known for her performances in Woody Allen's Another Woman (1988), and her son, Nick Cassavetes' film, The Notebook (2004). In November 2015, Rowlands received an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of her unique screen performances.[1]

Early years

Rowlands was born on June 19, 1930, in Cambria, Wisconsin.[2] Her mother, Mary Allen (Neal), was a housewife who later worked as an actress under the stage name Lady Rowlands.[3][4] Her father, Edwin Myrwyn Rowlands, was a banker and state legislator.[5] He was a member of the Wisconsin Progressive Party, and was of Welsh descent.[6] She had a brother, David Rowlands.

Her family moved to Washington, D.C., in 1939, when Edwin was appointed to a position in the United States Department of Agriculture; moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1942, when he was appointed as branch manager of the Office of Price Administration;[7] and later moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota. From 1947-50, she attended the University of Wisconsin,[8] where she was a popular student already renowned for her beauty.[9] While in college, she was a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma.[10] She left for New York City to study drama at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts.

Career

Early roles (1952-1967)

Publicity photo, 1955

In the early 1950s, Rowlands performed with repertory theatre companies and at the Provincetown Playhouse. She made her Broadway debut in The Seven Year Itch and toured in a national production of the play. In 1956, she starred in the Broadway play Middle of the Night opposite Edward G. Robinson.

Rowlands costarred with Paul Stewart in the 26-episode syndicated TV series Top Secret (1954-55).[11] She guest-starred on such anthology television series as Robert Montgomery Presents, Armstrong Circle Theatre, Studio One, Appointment with Adventure, The United States Steel Hour and Goodyear Television Playhouse, all in 1955. In 1959, Rowlands appeared in the western series Laramie, alongside her husband John Cassavetes in the detective series Johnny Staccato, and in the western series Riverboat, starring Darren McGavin. In 1961, she appeared in the adventure series The Islanders, set in the South Pacific, and in Target: The Corruptors!, starring Stephen McNally. She guest-starred in The Lloyd Bridges Show, the detective series 77 Sunset Strip, the westerns Bonanza and The Virginian, and Breaking Point, all in 1963. In 1964, she guest-starred in the medical drama Dr. Kildare and in two episodes of Burke's Law. She appeared in four episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, three of which were after the series had been renamed The Alfred Hitchcock Hour. In 1967, she was cast as socialite Adrienne Van Leyden in the prime-time ABC soap opera Peyton Place.

Rowlands made her film debut in The High Cost of Loving in 1958. In 1962, she starred in director David Miller's Lonely Are the Brave, with Kirk Douglas and Walter Matthau. She played the former lover of the Kirk Douglas character, now the wife of the Douglas character's best friend.

Cassavetes era (1963-1984)

Rowlands and Cassavetes made ten films together: A Child Is Waiting (1963), Faces (1968), Machine Gun McCain (1969), Minnie and Moskowitz (1971), A Woman Under the Influence (1974; nomination for Academy Award for Best Actress), Two-Minute Warning (1976), Opening Night (1977), Gloria (1980; nomination for Academy Award for Best Actress), Tempest (1982), and Love Streams (1984).[12]

According to Boston University film scholar Ray Carney, Rowlands sought to suppress an early version of Cassavetes' first film, Shadows, that Carney says he rediscovered after decades of searching.[13] Rowlands also became involved in the screenings of Husbands and Love Streams, according to Carney. The UCLA Film and Television Archive mounted a restoration of Husbands, as it was pruned down (without Cassavetes' consent, and in violation of his contract) by Columbia Pictures several months after its release, in an attempt to restore as much of the removed content as possible. At Rowlands' request, UCLA created an alternative print with almost ten minutes of content edited out, as Rowlands felt that these scenes were in poor taste. The alternative print is the only one that has been made available for rental.[14]

Late career (1985-present)

In 1985, Rowlands played the mother in the critically acclaimed made-for-TV movie An Early Frost. She won an Emmy for her portrayal of former First Lady of the United States Betty Ford in the 1987 made-for-TV movie The Betty Ford Story.

In 1988, Rowlands starred in Woody Allen's dramatic film Another Woman. She played Marion Post, a middle-aged professor who is prompted to a journey of self-discovery when she overhears the therapy sessions of another woman (Mia Farrow). The review in Time Out described the character's trajectory: "Marion gets to thinking, and is appalled to realise that so many assumptions about her own life and marriage are largely unfounded: in her desire for a controlled existence, she has evaded the emotional truth about relationships with her best friend (Sandy Dennis), brother (Harris Yulin) and husband (Ian Holm)." Time Out praised the "marvellous" performances in the film, adding, "Rowlands' perfectly pitched approach to a demanding role is particularly stunning."[15]Film4 called her performance "sublime",[16] while Roger Ebert noted that it marked a considerable change in tone from her work with Cassavetes, thus showing "how good an actress Rowlands has been all along."[17]

In 2002, Rowlands appeared in Mira Nair's HBO movie Hysterical Blindness, for which she won her third Emmy. Next year she appeared as Mrs. Hellman an episode from the third season of Numb3rs. She played a Nazi survivor whose whole family was killed. The family owned a painting that the Nazis confiscated. Later on the painting reappeared. The new owner lent the painting to an art gallery in Los Angeles but while on display it was stolen. F.B.I. agent Don Eppes, played by Rob Morrow, tries to figure out what really happened. Rowlands received rave reviews for this role. She has been a spokesperson for people who were persecuted by the Nazis so this role was a perfect match for her.

She was later seen in The Notebook (2004), which was directed by her son Nick Cassavetes. The same year, she won her first Daytime Emmy for her role as Mrs. Evelyn Ritchie in The Incredible Mrs. Ritchie. In 2005, she appeared opposite Kate Hudson, Peter Sarsgaard, and John Hurt in the gothic thriller The Skeleton Key.

In 2007, she played a supporting role opposite Parker Posey and Melvil Poupaud in Broken English, an independent American feature written and directed by her daughter Zoe Cassavetes. In 2009, she appeared on an episode of Monk ("Mr. Monk and the Lady Next Door"). On March 2, 2010, she appeared on an episode of NCIS as lead character Leroy Jethro Gibbs's former mother-in-law, who is embroiled in a murder investigation.[18] In 2014, she starred in the film adaptation of Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks.[19]

Personal life

Rowlands was married to John Cassavetes from April 9, 1954, until his death on February 3, 1989. They met at the American Academy at Carnegie Hall where they were both students. They had three children, all actor-directors: Nick, Alexandra, and Zoe. Rowlands married retired businessman Robert Forrest in 2012.

Rowlands has stated that she was a fan of actress Bette Davis while growing up. She played Davis's daughter in the 1979 made-for-TV film, Strangers.[20]

Filmography

Film

Year Title Role Director Notees
1958 The High Cost of Loving Jenny Fry José Ferrer
1959 Shadows Woman in Nightclub John Cassavetes Uncredited
1962 Lonely Are the Brave Jerry Bondi David Miller
1962 The Spiral Road Els Robert Mulligan
1963 A Child Is Waiting Sophie Widdicombe John Cassavetes
1967 Tony Rome Rita Kosterman Gordon Douglas
1968 Faces Jeannie Rapp John Cassavetes
1969 Machine Gun McCain Rosemary Scott Giuliano Montaldo
1971 Minnie and Moskowitz Minnie Moore John Cassavetes
1974 A Woman Under the Influence Mabel Longhetti John Cassavetes
1976 Two-Minute Warning Janet Larry Peerce
1977 Opening Night Myrtle Gordon John Cassavetes
1978 The Brink's Job Mary Pino William Friedkin
1980 Gloria Gloria Swenson John Cassavetes
1982 Tempest Antonia Dimitrius Paul Mazursky
1984 Love Streams Sarah Lawson John Cassavetes
1984 I'm Almost Not Crazy:
John Cassavetes, the Man & His Work
Herself Michael Ventura Documentary Short
1987 Light of Day Jeanette Rasnick Paul Schrader
1988 Another Woman Marion Post Woody Allen
1990 Hollywood Mavericks Herself Florence Dauman
Dale Ann Stieber
Documentary
1991 Once Around Marilyn Bella Lasse Hallström
1991 Night on Earth Victoria Snelling Jim Jarmusch
1991 Ted & Venus Mrs. Turner Bud Cort
1995 Something to Talk About Georgia King Lasse Hallström
1995 The Neon Bible Mae Morgan Terence Davies
1996 Unhook the Stars Mildred "Millie" Hawks Nick Cassavetes
1997 She's So Lovely Miss Jane Green Nick Cassavetes
1998 Paulie Ivy John Roberts
1998 Hope Floats Ramona Calvert Forest Whitaker
1998 The Mighty Gram Peter Chelsom
1998 Playing by Heart Hannah Willard Carroll
1999 The Weekend Laura Ponti Brian Skeet
2000 Light Keeps Me Company Herself - interviewee Carl-Gustav Nykvist Documentary
2004 Taking Lives Mrs. Asher D. J. Caruso
2004 The Notebook Old Allie Calhoun Nick Cassavetes
2005 The Skeleton Key Violet Devereaux Iain Softley
2006 Paris, je t'aime Gena Gérard Depardieu Segment: Quartier Latin
2007 Broken English Vivien Wilder-Mann Zoe Cassavetes
2007 Persepolis Grandmother Marjane Satrapi
Vincent Paronnaud
Voice; English dubbed version
2011 Olive Tess M Powell
2012 Yellow Mimi Nick Cassavetes
2013 Parts Per Billion Esther Brian Horiuchi
2014 Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks Lily Harrison Arthur Allan Seidelman

Television

Year Title Role Notes
1954 Top Secret Powell Episode: This Man is Death
1955 The Way of the World Paula Graves
1955 Robert Montgomery Presents Myrtle Wilson Episode: The Great Gatsby
1955 Ponds Theater Janet Episode: The Ways of Courage
1955 Armstrong Circle Theatre Lugene Episode: Time for Love
1955 Studio One on Hollywood Betty Episode: A Chance of Love
1955 Appointment with Adventure Performer 2 episodes
1955 The United States Steel Hour Lily Episode: Ashton Buys a Horse
1955 Goodyear Television Playhouse Betty/Eve 2 episodes
1958 General Electric Theater Dorothy Dickenson Episode: The Girl with the Flaxen Hair
1959 Laramie Laurel DeWalt Episode: The Run to Tumavaca
1959 Johnny Staccato Nina Van Ness Episode: Fly Baby, Fly
1959 Markham Rita Evans Episode: The Altar
1959 Riverboat Rose Traynor Episode: Guns for Empire
1960 Adventures in Paradise Dr. Abigail Brent Episode: The Death-Divers
1960 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Lucille Jones Episode: The Doubtful Doctor
1960 The Tab Hunter Show Barbara/Penelope Episode: Double Trouble
1961 The Islanders Pepper Mint Episode: Island Witness
1961 Target: The Corruptors! Marian Praisewater Episode: The Poppy Vendor
1961-62 87th Precinct Teddy Carella 4 episodes
1963 The Dick Powell Theatre Mrs. Canfield Episode: Project X
1963 The Lloyd Bridges Show Leslie Kaufman Episode: A Personal Matter
1963 77 Sunset Strip Barbara Adams Episode: Flight 307
1963 Bonanza Ragan Miller Episode: She Walks in Beauty
1963 The Virginian Savannah Episode: No Tears for Fears
1963 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre June Episode: It's Mental Work
1963 Breaking Point Shelley Peters Episode: Heart of Marble, Body of Shame
1962-64 The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Performer 3 episodes
1963-64 Kraft Suspense Theatre Performer 2 episodes
1964 Dr. Kildare Helen Scott Episode: To Walk in Grace
1964 Burke's Law Mitzie/Paulette 2 episodes
1966 Run for Your Life Charlotte Hyde Episode: The Rediscovery of Charlotte Hyde
1966 The Long, Hot Summer Karen Roberts Episode: From This Day Forward
1967 The Road West Karen Collier Episode: Beyond the Hill
1967 The Girl from U.N.C.L.E. Baroness Ingrid Episode: The Fountain of Youth Affair
1967 Peyton Place Adrienne Van Leyden 39 episodes
1968 Garrison's Gorillas Duchess Episode: The Frame-Up
1971-73 Medical Center Karen/Frances 2 episodes
1972 Circle of Fear Kate Lucas Episode: The Concrete Captain
1974 Marcus Welby, M.D. Lorrain Denby Episode: The 266 Days
1975 Columbo Elizabeth Van Wyck Episode: Playback
1978 A Question of Love Linda Ray Guettner Television Movie
1979 Strangers:
The Story of a Mother and Daughter
Abigail Mason Television Movie
1983 Thursday's Child Victoria Alden Television Movie
1983 Faerie Tale Theatre Witch Episode: Rapunzel
1985 An Early Frost Katherine Pierson Television Movie
1987 The Betty Ford Story Betty Ford Television Movie
1990 Montana Bess Guthrie Television Movie
1991 Face of a Stranger Pat Foster Television Movie
1992 Crazy in Love Honora Swift Television Movie
1993 Anything for John Herself Television Documentary
1994 Parallel Lives Francie Pomerantz Television Movie
1998 Grace & Glorie Grace Stiles Television Movie
1998 Best Friends for Life Mrs. Harriet Cahill Television Movie
2000 The Color of Love: Jacey's Story Georgia Porter Television Movie
2001 Wild Iris Minnie Brinn Television Movie
2002 Charms for the Easy Life Ms. Charlie Kate Television Movie
2003 Broadway: The Golden Age Herself Documentary series
2003 Hysterical Blindness Virginia Miller Television Movie
2004 The Incredible Mrs. Ritchie Evelyn Ritchie Television Movie
2006 Numb3rs Mrs. Hellman Episode: Provenance
2007 What If God Were the Sun? Melissa Eisenbloom Television Movie
2009 Monk Marge Johnson Episode: Mr. Monk & the Lady Next Door
2010 NCIS Joann Fielding Episode: Mother's Day

Awards and Nominations

Rowlands has been nominated for two Academy Awards, eight Primetime Emmy Awards, one Daytime Emmy Award, eight Golden Globe Awards, three Satellite Awards, and two SAG Awards. Some of her notable wins are a Silver Bear for Best Actress, three Primetime Emmy Awards and one Daytime Emmy Award, two Golden Globe Awards, two National Board of Review Awards, and two Satellite Awards.

In January 2015, Rowlands was presented with a lifetime achievement award by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association.[21] She was also chosen by the Academy Awards board of governors to receive an Honorary Academy Award that same year. At the Governors Awards ceremony, she was honored by Laura Linney and Cate Blanchett who offered up tributes; and Rowland's son Nick Cassavettes presented the award to her. The press release described Rowland as "an original talent" whose "devotion to her craft has earned her worldwide recognition as an independent film icon".[22]

Academy Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result
1974 Best Actress A Woman Under the Influence Nominated
1980 Gloria Nominated
2015 Honorary Academy Award N/A Won

Primetime Emmy Award

Golden Globe Awards

Other Awards

References

  1. ^ Tim Gray. "Gena Rowlands, Spike Lee, Debbie Reynolds to Receive Governors Awards Oscars". Variety.
  2. ^ Dane County Register of Deeds, Madison, Wisconsin.
  3. ^ U.S. Census, April 1, 1930, state of Wisconsin, county of Columbia, village of Cambria, enumeration district 3, page 4-B, family 130
  4. ^ "Gena Rowlands Biography (1930?-)".
  5. ^ Assembly, 1927-1935; Senate, 1935-1939. Members of the Wisconsin Legislature 1848-1999, Informational Bulletin 99-1, Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau, 1999.
  6. ^ Lane, Lydia (November 21, 1980). "Beauty".
  7. ^ "OPA Directed by Merwyn [sic] Rowlands," The Sheboygan Press, Sheboygan, Wisconsin, April 2, 1942, p. 4
  8. ^ Registrar's Office, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  9. ^ "Six U.W. Co-eds 'Badger Beauties", The Sheboygan Press, Sheboygan, Wisconsin, November 14, 1949, p. 2
  10. ^ University of Wisconsin Badger, 1950
  11. ^ "Top Secret". Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ "Gena Rowlands, a miraculous actress"
  13. ^ "Who Owns an Improvised Work?". The John Cassavetes Pages. Retrieved 2006.
  14. ^ Carney, Ray "On Your Relationship with Criterion", The John Cassavetes Pages; accessed December 17, 2006
  15. ^ "Another Woman". Time Out. Retrieved 2013.
  16. ^ "Another Woman". Film4. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 18, 1988). "Another Woman". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2013.
  18. ^ Ausiello, Michael (January 16, 2010). "'NCIS' exclusive: Gena Rowlands unlocks Gibbs' past". ew.com. The Meredith Corporation. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ Chang, Justin (December 16, 2014). "Film Review: 'Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks'". Variety. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "The Hollywood Reporter Interview with Gena Rowlands". March 29, 2015.
  21. ^ "LAFCA Lifetime Achievement Award". March 29, 2015. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ "Spike Lee, Debbie Reynolds And Gena Rowlands To Receive Academy's 2015 Governors Awards". AMPAS. Retrieved 2015.

Further reading

External links


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