General Inspector of the Armed Forces
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General Inspector of the Armed Forces
General Inspector of the Armed Forces
Generalny Inspektor Si? Zbrojnych
Flaga Generalnego Inspektora Si? Zbrojnych.svg
Flag of the GISZ
M. Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski.jpg
Longest serving
Micha? Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski

1954 - 22 May 1964
Polish Armed Forces
AbbreviationGISZ
Reports toThe President
ResidenceBelweder Palace, Warsaw
(Pi?sudski)
AppointerThe President
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation27 August 1926
First holderJózef Pi?sudski
Final holderBoles?aw Bronis?aw Duch
Abolished9 October 1980
SuccessionMilitary Council

General Inspector of the Armed Forces (Polish: Generalny Inspektor Si? Zbrojnych; GISZ) was an office created in the Second Polish Republic in 1926, after the May Coup.

The General Inspector reported directly to the President, and was not responsible to the Sejm (parliament) or the government. In the event of war, the General Inspector was to become the Commander-in-chief of the Polish Armed Forces.

Following the German invasion of Poland in 1939 and the post-war establishment of the Polish People's Republic, the position was retained by the Polish government-in-exile until 1980.

List of General Inspectors

+ denotes people who died in office.

Second Polish Republic

No. Portrait General Inspector Took office Left office Time in office
1
Józef Pi?sudski
Pi?sudski, JózefPierwszy Marsza?ek Polski
Józef Pi?sudski
(1867-1935)
27 August 192612 May 1935 +8 years, 258 days
2
Edward Rydz-?mig?y
Rydz-?mig?y, EdwardMarsza?ek Polski
Edward Rydz-?mig?y
(1886-1941)
12 May 19357 November 19394 years, 179 days

Rydz-?mig?y went into exile on 18 September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland. Afterwards, all General Inspectors were in exile (and increasingly connected with educational activities such as cooperation with the London-based Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum).

Polish government-in-exile

No. Portrait General Inspector Took office Left office Time in office
1
W?adys?aw Sikorski
Sikorski, W?adys?awgen. broni
W?adys?aw Sikorski
(1881-1943)
7 November 19394 July 1943[a] +3 years, 239 days
2
Kazimierz Sosnkowski
Sosnkowski, Kazimierzgen. broni
Kazimierz Sosnkowski
(1885-1969)
8 July 194330 September 19441 year, 84 days
3
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
Bór-Komorowski, Tadeuszgen.
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
(1895-1966)
[b]
30 September 19442 October 19442 days
-
W?adys?aw Anders
Anders, W?adys?awgen. broni
W?adys?aw Anders
(1892-1970)
Acting
2 October 19445 May 1945215 days
(3)
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
Bór-Komorowski, Tadeuszgen.
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
(1895-1966)
5 May 19458 November 19461 year, 187 days
4
W?adys?aw Anders
Anders, W?adys?awgen. broni
W?adys?aw Anders
(1892-1970)
8 November 194619547-8 years
5
Micha? Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski
Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski, Micha?gen. broni
Micha? Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski
(1893-1964)
195422 May 1964 +9-10 years
6
Stefan Dembi?ski
Dembi?ski, Stefangen. dyw.
Stefan Dembi?ski
(1887-1972)
196427 March 1972 +7-8 years
7
Stanis?aw Kopa?ski
Kopa?ski, Stanis?awgen. dyw.
Stanis?aw Kopa?ski
(1895-1976)
197223 March 19763-4 years
8
Zygmunt Bohusz-Szyszko
Bohusz-Szyszko, Zygmuntgen. dyw.
Zygmunt Bohusz-Szyszko
(1893-1982)
19 March 197619 February 19803 years, 337 days
9
Boles?aw Bronis?aw Duch
Duch, Boles?aw Bronis?awgen. dyw.
Boles?aw Bronis?aw Duch
(1885-1980)
19 February 19809 October 1980 +233 days

Duch died on 9 October 1980. Afterwards, in place of the GISZ, a Military Council was created, led by gen. bryg. Klemens Rudnicki.

Notes

  1. ^ Killed in the 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash.
  2. ^ Commander of the Home Army, appointed as General Inspector during the Warsaw Uprising.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

General_Inspector_of_the_Armed_Forces
 



 



 
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