Genitive Connector
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Genitive Connector

A genitive connector is a part of speech used in formation of compound terms through conjunctions. It is used especially in the Bantu languages to denote special word categories. Nouns can be modified by other nouns or other categories.[1] There is prototypically a head word that comes before the connector and another one following. Long terms can therefore be achieved through the use of these genitive connectors. Commonly used connectors in Swahili take the form -a. Examples from selected bantu languages include.


  • Example in Swahili wa > Mkojo wa mtoto ; ya > nywele ya mama; cha> kidole cha gumba, la> Titi la mama etc.
  • Example in Gikuyu: wa> Muti wa baba; ya>miti ya haaro; ga> gakunia gakwa etc.
  • Example of a chain formed through compounding by conjunction by use of genitive connector: Mayai ya kuku wa kienyeji.


  • Muchemi, L. and Getao, K. 2007. Enhancing Citizen-government Communication through Natural Language Querying. . In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference in Computer Science and Informatics, Nairobi, Kenya, Feb. 2007, UoN-ISBN 9966-7284-0-6, Nairobi, Kenya 161-167.
  • Sewangi, S. 2001. Computer-Assisted Extraction of Phrases in Specific Domains- The Case of Swahili. Institute of African and Asian Studies. University of Helsinki, Finland.>
  • Muchemi Lawrence. 2008. Towards Full Comprehension of Swahili NL for Database Querying. Strengthening the Role of ICT in Development, Fountain Publishers, Kampala, Uganda, 50-58.
  1. ^ Odden, David, editor. Current Approaches to African Linguistics. ISBN 978-3-11-088268-1. OCLC 1125190690.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

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