George Gray (senator)
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George Gray Senator
George Gray
George Gray Senator.jpg
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit

March 29, 1899 - June 1, 1914
William McKinley
Seat established by 30 Stat. 846
Victor Baynard Woolley
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Third Circuit

March 29, 1899 - December 31, 1911
William McKinley
Seat established by 30 Stat. 846
Seat abolished
United States Senator
from Delaware

March 18, 1885 - March 3, 1899
Thomas F. Bayard
L. Heisler Ball
Attorney General of Delaware

1879-1885
GovernorJohn W. Hall
Charles C. Stockley
John B. Penington
John Henry Paynter
Personal details
Born
George Gray

(1840-05-04)May 4, 1840
New Castle, Delaware
DiedAugust 7, 1925(1925-08-07) (aged 85)
Wilmington, Delaware
Resting placePresbyterian Cemetery
New Castle, Delaware
Political partyDemocratic
Education
Harvard Law School
read law

George Gray (May 4, 1840 - August 7, 1925) was a United States Senator from Delaware and a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the United States Circuit Courts for the Third Circuit.

Gray was born in New Castle, Delaware. Harvard Law School. He received a A.B. from Princeton University in 1859. He read law in 1863. He received a A.M. from Princeton University in 1863. He was in private practice of law in New Castle, Delaware from 1863 to 1879. He was the state attorney general of Delaware from 1879 to 1885. He was a U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1885 to 1899. He was a Member, Permanent Court of Arbitration--the Hague from 1900 to 1925.

Gray was a federal judge to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Gray received a recess appointment from William McKinley on March 29, 1899, to a new seat created by 30 Stat. 846; nominated on December 11, 1899; He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1899, and received commission the same day. Gray's service was terminated on June 1, 1914, due to retirement.

Education and career

Born on May 4, 1840, in New Castle, New Castle County, Delaware,[1] Gray attended the common schools, received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1859 from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), an Artium Magister degree in 1863 from the same institution, attended Harvard Law School, then read law with his father and was admitted to the bar in 1863.[1] He entered private practice in New Castle from 1863 to 1879.[1] He was the Attorney General of Delaware from 1879 to 1885.[1]

Congressional service

Gray was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Senator Thomas F. Bayard.[2] He was reelected in 1887 and 1893 and served from March 18, 1885, to March 3, 1899.[2] He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1899.[2] He was Chairman of the Committee on Patents for the 53rd United States Congress, Chairman of the Committee on Privileges and Elections for the 53rd United States Congress and Chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Claims for the 55th United States Congress.[2]

Federal judicial service

Gray received a recess appointment from President William McKinley on March 29, 1899, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the United States Circuit Courts for the Third Circuit, to a new joint seat authorized by 30 Stat. 846.[1] He was nominated to the same position by President McKinley on December 11, 1899.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1899, and received his commission the same day.[1] On December 31, 1911, the Circuit Courts were abolished and he thereafter served only on the Court of Appeals.[1] His service terminated on June 1, 1914, due to his retirement.[1]

Presidential consideration

Gray was proposed as a nominee for the Presidency at the 1904 and 1908 Democratic Conventions. In 1904, he received only 12 votes, and in 1908 he received 50.5 votes, finishing second behind William Jennings Bryan.[3]

Other service

Gray was a member of the Joint High Commission which met in Quebec, Canada in August 1898 to settle differences between the United States and Canada.[2] He was a member of the commission to arrange terms of peace between the United States and Spain in 1898.[2] He was Chairman of the commission to investigate conditions of the coal strike in Pennsylvania in 1902.[2] He was appointed by President McKinley to the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, Netherlands in 1900.[2] He was reappointed in 1906 by President Theodore Roosevelt, in 1912 by President William Howard Taft and in 1920 by President Woodrow Wilson.[2] He was a member of several commissions established to arbitrate various international disputes.[2] He was a member of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution from 1890 to 1925.[2] He was Vice President and trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.[2]

Death

Gray died on August 7, 1925, in Wilmington, Delaware.[1] He was interred in Presbyterian Cemetery in New Castle.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Gray, George - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m United States Congress. "George Gray (id: G000396)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ Parker, Randy (November 25, 2006). "US President - D Convention Race - Jul 08, 1908". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012.

Sources

External links

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Thomas F. Bayard
U.S. Senator from Delaware
1885-1899
Succeeded by
L. Heisler Ball
Legal offices
Preceded by
John B. Penington
Attorney General of Delaware
1879-1885
Succeeded by
John Henry Paynter
Preceded by
Seat established by 30 Stat. 846

1899-1911
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 30 Stat. 846

1899-1914
Succeeded by
Victor Baynard Woolley

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

George_Gray_(senator)
 



 



 
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