George H. Bend
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George H. Bend
George Hoffman Bend
Born(1838-08-03)August 3, 1838
DiedFebruary 15, 1900(1900-02-15) (aged 61)
New York City
OccupationBanker
Elizabeth Austen Townsend
(m. 1868; his death 1900)
ChildrenAmy Bend
Beatrice Bend
Parent(s)William Bradford Bend
Catherine Ann Thomas
RelativesCortlandt F. Bishop (son-in-law)
Henry P. Fletcher (son-in-law)

George Hoffman Bend (August 3, 1838 - February 15, 1900) was an American banker, member of the New York Stock Exchange, and a prominent member of New York society during the Gilded Age.[1]

Early life

Bend was born on August 3, 1838 in New York City.[2] He was the second son of seven children born to William Bradford Bend and Catherine Ann (née Thomas) Bend.[3][4] His siblings were: William Bradford Bend (1837-1905), who married Isabella Tomes (1840-1916), Katharine Ann Bend (d. 1901),[5] who married James Kennedy Whitaker,[6] and Elizabeth Pelham Bend (ca. 1845-1933),[7][8] who married Henry Asher Robbins (1829-1914),[9] a founder of the Waltham Watch Company who owned the Asher House in Southampton.[10]

His paternal grandparents were Reverend Dr. Joseph G. Bend, rector of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Baltimore,[11] who married a granddaughter of Mary Boudinot, sister of Elias Boudinot, president of the Continental Congress from 1779 to 1783. His daughter, Susan Boudinot, married William Bradford, the Attorney General in President Washington's second cabinet.[1]

His maternal grandparents were Philip Thomas and Frances Mary Ludlow, who married in 1807.[4][12] Thomas, a close friend of Abraham Schermerhorn, was the son of Philip Thomas and Sarah Margaret Weems, daughter of William Weems, of Calvert County, who married in 1782.[4] Frances was the daughter of James Ludlow and Elizabeth Harrison,[13] herself the daughter of architect Peter Harrison.[14] James, the tenth of twelve children born to William Ludlow, was a 1768 graduate of Columbia College and the grandson of Captain George Duncan and Gabriel Ludlow, who established the Ludlow family in America, coming to New York from England in 1694. Gabriel, a father of thirteen, became one of the most successful merchants in New York.[15] Gabriel's ancestry is traced to Edward I of England, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Philip III, of France.[2]

Career

In 1866, Bend became a partner in the firm "Mowry, Keys & Bend," along with Albert L. Mowry, Richard W. Keys, and Samuel B. Keys.[16][17]

In 1873, Bend was elected to a four-year term on the Governing Committee of the New York Stock Exchange along with Edward King, John R. Garland, Alfred Colvill, Edward Brandon, G. H. Watson, George W. McLean, Jacob Hays II, Donald Mackay, and John T. Denny.[18]

In January 1890, Bend and Leopold Schepp, a fellow broker, had a heated discussion over whether Schepp had offered a lot of the Sugar Trust certificates at 51, which Schepp denied and Bend claimed.[19] After Schepp told him he had misunderstood him, Bend called him a liar and Schepp then told Bend that he talked "like a food."[20] Bend then punched Schepp between the eyes. After Bends apology to Schepp, several members of the Stock Exchange continued to seek to bring the issue before the Board of Governors.[21] Ultimately, both men were suspended for ten days by the Governing Board.[20] After further deliberations, the suspensions were increased for both, with Bend being suspended for six months and Schepp being suspended for thirty days.[22]

In 1897, Bend celebrated 34 years on the Stock Exchange and the Open Board of Stock Brokers.[23]

Residences

In January 1882, while at his country estate in Riverdale-on-the-Hudson, a fire broke out and destroyed his home.[24] He had lived in the house for almost 10 years at that point, and had accumulated a sizable collection of rare books, paintings, and jewelry, valued at over $40,000. The mansion, which cost over $60,000 to build, which had brick walls and stone trimmings, stood on a bluff overlooking the Hudson River, was surrounded by eight to ten acres of manicured grounds.[24]

In 1883, they rented a cottage in Newport, Rhode Island.[25] While there, they attended many of the society happenings.[26]

In 1891, they built a cottage at Onteora Park in Hunter which was considered "one of the finest residences in the Catskills." The two story home was 77 ft. by 42 ft., built of stone and had nine fireplaces and five chimneys.[27] All the cottages in Onteora were known by a name, the Bend's cottage was "Sky High."[28][29]

Society life

Bend, his wife, and daughters were all prominent members of New York Society during the Gilded Age, attending the most important dinners,[30] balls,[31] dances,[32]cotillions,[33][34][35] and donated to many charitable causes.[36][37][38] They traveled around the fashionable parts of the Northeast, staying in Newport, Lenox, the Hudson Valley, and the Catskills.[39]

In 1892, all four Bends, were included in Ward McAllister's "Four Hundred", purported to be an index of New York's best families, published in The New York Times.[40]

He was a member of the Union Club, Metropolitan Club, Union League Club, New York City Riding Club, The Players, New York Yacht Club, and the American Geographical Society.[1][41]

Personal life

On April 21, 1868, he married Elizabeth Austen Townsend (1846-1928),[42] the daughter of Isaac C. Townsend and Mary (née Austen) Townsend.[2] Her sisters were Mrs. Buchanan Winthrop, Mrs. Henry Sackett, and Miss Amy Townsend.[3] They lived at West 54th Street and were the parents of two daughters:

Bend died, aged 61, at his residence, 4 East 46th Street in New York, on February 15, 1900.[41] His funeral was held at Grace Church.[52] His wife received his life insurance policy of $40,000.[53] After his death, his widow lived with their younger daughter at 563 Park Avenue.[54]

Descendants

His only grandchild was Beatrice Bishop (1902-1993),[55] an author and prominent physician who married Adolf A. Berle, Jr. (1895-1971), a diplomat. After his death, she married Dr. André Frédéric Cournand (1895-1988), a physician who was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1956.[56]

His nephew, Henry "Harry" Pelham Robbins (1874-1946), was married to Emily Welles (1888-1946), sister of Ambassador Sumner Welles (1892-1961), and a grandniece of the Mrs. Astor, Caroline Schermerhorn Astor (1830-1908). His niece, Maud Robbins, who married Harry Whitney McVicker (1860-1905), in 1891.[10][57][58]

References

  1. ^ a b c Weeks, Lyman Horace (1897). Prominent families of New York; being an account in biographical form of individuals and families distinguished as representatives of the social, professional and civic life of New York city. New York, NY: New York, The Historical company. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Cutter, William Richard (1922). American Biography: A New Cyclopedia. Pub. under the direction of the American historical Society. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ a b Greene, Richard Henry; Stiles, Henry Reed; Dwight, Melatiah Everett; Morrison, George Austin; Mott, Hopper Striker; Totten, John Reynolds; Pitman, Harold Minot; Forest, Louis Effingham De; Ditmas, Charles Andrew; Mann, Conklin; Maynard, Arthur S. (1894). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Thomas, Lawrence Buckley (1888). Pedigrees of Thomas, Chew, and Lawrance, a West River Regester [!]: And Genealogical Notes. T. Whittaker.
  5. ^ Times, Special To The New York (16 February 1901). "Mrs. Katherine A. Bend Whitaker Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "Obituary 1 -- WHITAKER" (PDF). The New York Times. 16 February 1901. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Mrs. Henry Asher Robbins (ca. 1845-1933)". www.nyhistory.org. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Donati, Sara. "Elizabeth Pelham Bend Robbins at the Vanderbilt Ball |". thegildedhour.com. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ Times, Special Cable To The New York (23 January 1914). "Henry Asher Robbins" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ a b Spanburgh, Sally (2015). Southampton Cottages of South Main Street, The: The Original Hamptons Summer Colony. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781626192911. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ Beirne, Francis F. (October 1, 1984). The Amiable Baltimoreans. JHU Press. ISBN 9780801825132. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ Robinson, Charles Walker (1904). Life of Sir John Beverley Robinson, Bart., C. B., D. C. L., Chief-justice of Upper Canada. Morang & Company, Limited. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ Pollock, Bart, Sir Frederick (1896). The Revised Reports: Being a Republication of Such Cases in the English Courts of Common Law and Equity : from the Year 1785, as are Still of Practical Utility | Vol. XXVI (1823-1826). London | Boston: Sweet & Maxwell, Limited | Little, Brown & Co. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ "Elizabeth Pelham Harrison". www.newportalri.org. Newportal. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ Gordon, William Seton (1919). Gabriel Ludlow and His Descendants. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ Supreme Court, General Term. | FIRST DEPARTMENT. New York: Callahan & Gartlan, Printers. 1882. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "FINANCIAL". The New York Times. 7 April 1866. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "Officers of the Stock Exchange". The New York Times. 13 May 1873. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "BROKER BEND'S READY FIST. | IT STRUCK BROKER SCHEPP RIGHT BETWEEN THE EYES". The New York Times. 12 January 1890. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ a b "BROKER SCHEPP AGGRIEVED". The New York Times. 24 January 1890. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "THE BEND-SCHEPP TROUBLE". The New York Times. 19 January 1890. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ "THEY SHOULD BE SPANKED.; TWO SILLY STOCK EXCHANGE BROKERS COME TO BLOWS". The New York Times. 25 May 1890. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ "LONGEVITY OF BROKERS.; Nearly 300 Members of Stock Exchange Have Been There a Quarter of a Century". The New York Times. 14 June 1897. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ a b "A COUNTRY MANSION BURNED.; DESTRUCTION OF GEORGE H. BEND'S RESI DENCE AT RIVERDALE". The New York Times. 27 January 1882. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "IN SUMMER HOMES AT NEWPORT.; COTTAGE RESIDENTS ARRIVING RAPIDLY, INCLUDING MANY FROM NEW-YORK". The New York Times. 11 June 1883. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "SUNDAY AT NEWPORT.; DRIVING SUSPENDED AND THE CHURCHES FILLED--POLO TROUBLES OVER". The New York Times. 31 July 1883. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ "THE CATSKILLS AWAKING.; GETTING READY FOR THE TIDE OF SUMMER VISITORS". The New York Times. 10 May 1891. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "CATSKILL COTTAGE LIFE; THE IDEAL WAY IN WHICH TO SPEND A SUMMER'S OUTING. Colonies Which Have Sprung Up About Tunnersville, Twilight, Onteora, and Elka Parks, Where Hundreds of New-York People Go Each Tear -- The Many Attractions of These Beautiful Spots -- Advantages Over Summer Hotels -- Men Who Have Made These Clubs". The New York Times. 4 June 1893. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ Times, Special To The New York (23 June 1912). "ONTEORA PARK". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "NEWS OF THE SOCIAL WORLD". The New York Times. 20 April 1893. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "THE PATRIARCHS AS HOSTS; THEIR FIRST BALL OF THIS SEA- SON GIVEN AT DELMONICO'S, EARLY DINNER SERVED FOR THE SAKE OF NOVELTY --- LARGE COMPANY PRESENT, INCLUDING MANY NOTA- BLES -- BEAUTIFUL WOMEN CLAD IN EXQUISITE GOWNS". The New York Times. 13 December 1892. Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ "A MASKED BALL IN THE ACADEMY". The New York Times. 25 December 1879. Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ "MONDAY NIGHT COTILLION.; MERRY COMPANY WHICH DANCED TILL FOUR IN THE MORNING". The New York Times. 20 December 1892. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "A "MONDAY-NIGHT" COTILLION.; SECOND AND LAST FOR THE SEASON DANCED AT SHERRY'S". The New York Times. 24 January 1893. Retrieved 2017.
  35. ^ "LAST TUESDAY DANCE OF THE SEASON.; Many Diplomats in Attendance -- Cotillion Led by Mr. Whitehouse". The New York Times. 7 February 1894. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ "MONEY FOR DECORATION DAY". The New York Times. 15 May 1886. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "A BIG LIFT FOR THE ARCH FUND". The New York Times. 21 November 1889. Retrieved 2017.
  38. ^ "RED CROSS RELIEF WORK; Additional Supplies of Food and Clothing to be Sent to the Various Camps. SOLDIERS ARE APPRECIATIVE Many Letters Received Expressing Thanks -- Eight Hundred More Tons of Ice to be Sent Forward -- More Contributions". The New York Times. 14 July 1898. Retrieved 2017.
  39. ^ "FROM LENOX TO THE SEASHORE.; Many Cottagers Preparing to Enjoy Sea Breezes for a Few Weeks". The New York Times. 22 July 1894. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ McAllister, Ward (16 February 1892). "THE ONLY FOUR HUNDRED | WARD M'ALLISTER GIVES OUT THE OFFICIAL LIST. HERE ARE THE NAMES, DON'T YOU KNOW, ON THE AUTHORITY OF THEIR GREAT LEADER, YOU UNDER- STAND, AND THEREFORE GENUINE, YOU SEE" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ a b "Death of George H. Bend" (PDF). The New York Times. 16 February 1900. Retrieved 2017.
  42. ^ "Mrs. Elizabeth Townsend Bend" (PDF). The New York Times. 15 February 1928. Retrieved 2017.
  43. ^ "Cortlandt Bishop, Art Patron, Dead. Chief Owner of the American Anderson Galleries Here Stricken in Lenox". New York Times. March 31, 1935. Retrieved . Cortlandt Field Bishop, principal owner and former president of the American Art Association-Anderson Galleries, Inc. ...
  44. ^ "AN ENGAGEMENT ANNOUNCED". The New York Times. 11 September 1899. Retrieved 2017.
  45. ^ Times, Special To The New York (12 September 1899). "Bishop-Bend Engagement Confirmed". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Ex libris: Amy Bend Bishop". Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ Times, Special To The New York (7 June 1915). "RENTED BY MRS. VANDERBILT; Widow of Lusitania Victim to Occupy "Shadowbrook," at Lenox". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  48. ^ Times, Special To The New York (10 September 1941). "MRS. HENRY B. FLETCHER; Wife of Ex-U. S. Ambassador Dies in Greencastle, Pa" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  49. ^ Times, Special To The New York (11 July 1959). "HENRY FLETCHER, DIPLOMAT, 86, DIES; Envoy for Almost 30 Years Served Six Presidents * G.O.P. Chairman '34-36" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  50. ^ Times, Special To The New York (12 July 1959). "Obituary 2 -- FLETCHER". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  51. ^ "HENRY P. FLETCHER, AMBASSADOR, WEDS; American Envoy to Mexico Marries Miss Beatrice Bend in Old Westbury, L.I. ROMANCE BEGAN IN CHINA Bridegroom's Father and Four Brothers at Ceremony in W.D. Straight's Country Home". The New York Times. 26 July 1917. Retrieved 2017.
  52. ^ "Obituary 1 -- BEND". The New York Times. February 18, 1900. Retrieved 2017.
  53. ^ The Insurance Press - Life Insurance. F. Webster. June 12, 1901. p. 12. Retrieved 2017.
  54. ^ "Mrs. G. H. Bend Operated Upon". The New York Times. 28 May 1915. Retrieved 2017.
  55. ^ Kennedy, Shawn G. (14 June 1993). "Beatrice Berle, 90, A Doctor, Teacher And Medical Writer". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  56. ^ Cantwell, Mary Cantwell;; By Mary Cantwell; Mary (5 February 1984). "DAUGHTER KNEW BEST". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  57. ^ McVickar, Edward; Breed, William Constable (September 1906). Memoranda relating to the McVickar family in America. New York. Retrieved 2017.
  58. ^ "A DAY OF NOTABLE UNIONS; BRILLIANT WEDDINGS IN THIS CITY AND WASHINGTON. MISS MAUD ROBBINS MARRIES MR. HARRY WHITNEY M'VICKAR AND MISS FLORENCE AUDENREID BECOMES THE COUNTESS DIVONNE". The New York Times. 15 January 1891. Retrieved 2017.

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