Gilead or Gilad (;Hebrew: , Arabic: - ?ald, Jalaad) is the name of three people and two geographic places in the Bible. Gilead may mean 'hill of testimony'. If this is the case, it is likely derived from ?gal'êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and 'êd ('witness, testimony'). There also exists an alternative theory that it means 'rocky region'. It is now within the Kingdom of Jordan.
The kingdoms Ammon and Moab sometimes expanded to include southern Gilead. King David fled to Mahanaim in Gilead during the rebellion of Absalom. Gilead is later mentioned as the homeplace of the prophet Elijah.
Gilead (Arabic: , ?ald or Jalaad) is an Arabic term used to refer to the mountainous land extending north and south of Jabbok. It was used more generally for the entire region east of the Jordan River. It corresponds today to the northwestern part of the Kingdom of Jordan.
Gilead may also refer to:
A grandson of Manasseh and son of Machir (Makir), ancestor of the Iezerites and Helekites and of Segub ( and ). He also may have been the founder of the Israelite tribal group of Gilead, which is mentioned in biblical passages which textual scholars attribute to early sources. Textual scholars regard the genealogy in the Book of Numbers, which identifies Gilead as Machir's son, as originating in the priestly source, a document written centuries after the early JE source, in which the Gilead and Machir tribal groups are mentioned, and possibly having been written to rival the JE source.Biblical scholars view the biblical genealogies as postdiction, an eponymousmetaphor providing an aetiology of the connectedness of the group to others in the Israelite confederation; the identification of Gilead as an aspect of Manasseh was the traditional explanation of why the tribal groups of Machir and Gilead are mentioned along with northern tribes in the ancient Song of Deborah, while Manasseh is absent from it. The text of the Book of Numbers appears to portray Gilead as the father of Asriel, but the Book of Chronicles states that Manasseh was the father of Asriel; it is possible for there to have been two different Asriels, though Manasseh is only indicated as having had one son – Machir – in the genealogy of the Book of Numbers.
The son of Michael and father of Jaroah, in the Gadite genealogies ;
Gilead is the first title of a multi-generational trilogy by Marilynne Robinson. The story is about fathers and sons and the spiritual battles that still rage at America's heart. The title of the trilogy comes from the fictional setting of the town in the novel, Gilead, Iowa.
Charlotte Bronte refers to Gilead in her 1849 novel Shirley, Chapter XI , "...come Cary, never fear. We'll find balm in Gilead ."
^Segovia, José de (June 22, 2017). Daniel Wickham (ed.). "There is no balm in Atwood's Gilead". Evangelical Focus. A clear example of Atwood's focus on the Reconstructionism of theonomy is his way of representing the death penalty.