|Village of Glencoe|
View of Lake Michigan
Location of Glencoe in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|o President||Lawrence Levin, Village President|
|o Total||3.78 sq mi (9.79 km2)|
|o Land||3.72 sq mi (9.63 km2)|
|o Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2) 1.59%|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||2,373.86/sq mi (916.64/km2)|
|Down 0.45% from 2000|
|Standard of living (2007-11)|
|o Per capita income||$106,649|
|o Median home value||$971,100|
60022, 60023, 60024, and 60093 at southeast corner
Glencoe is a village in northeastern Cook County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 census, the total population was 8,723. Glencoe is located on Chicago's North Shore and is located within the New Trier High School District. Glencoe is ranked 1st among the richest towns in Illinois and 8th among the richest towns in US.
Glencoe is located at (42.131602, -87.761026).
According to the 2010 census, Glencoe has a total area of 3.781 square miles (9.79 km2), of which 3.72 square miles (9.63 km2) (or 98.39%) is land and 0.061 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 1.61%) is water.
Glencoe is located on the west side of Lake Michigan. It is separated from suburbs to the north and west by more than 1,200 acres (490 ha) of the Cook County Forest Preserve natural forest area. Three golf clubs also buffer it, with the private Lake Shore Country Club on the north, the public Glencoe Golf Club (operated by the village of Glencoe) on the northwest, and the private Skokie Country Club on the west.
The village is surrounded on three sides by upper-income communities, with Highland Park on the north, Northbrook on the west, and Winnetka to the south. The Skokie Lagoons are located in the forest preserve to the immediate west of the village. The same forest preserve has a bicycle trail that connects to other forest preserves to the south. In the village, the Greenbay Trail allows bicyclists to travel as far south as Wilmette and north past Lake Forest. The highest point of elevation in Glencoe is 690 feet (210 m) above sea level along Green Bay Road in the northern part of the village.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,723 people, 3,013 households, and 2,499 families residing in the village. There were 3,209 housing units. The racial makeup of the village was 94% White, 1.2% African American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.5% some other race, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.
There were 2,499 family households, out of which 44.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.4% were headed by married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.1% were non-families. Approximately 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89, and the average family size was 3.23.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 31.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 15.6% from 25 to 44, 34% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.0 years. There were 4,428 females and 4,295 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $193,571, and the median income for a family was $235,000. Male full-time workers had a median income of $202,083 versus $65,549 for females. The per capita income for the village as of 2011 was $106,649, placing Glencoe among the 20 wealthiest communities in the United States. Approximately 4.5% of the population and 4.7% of families were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 10.5% age 65 or older.
Opinion about the origins of the village's name is divided; some attribute it to an early resident, Matthew Coe; others say it is named for the area of Scotland of the same name. The village's first seal was based on the seal of Glencoe, Scotland.
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many elegant homes were built in Glencoe. In addition to several structures by Frank Lloyd Wright, there are houses designed by Howard Van Doren Shaw, David Adler, Robert E. Seyfarth and George Washington Maher, among others.
Glencoe has a Village Manager form of government. It had one of the first public safety departments (combined police/fire/paramedic). In 1921 it adopted the first zoning code in Illinois. Its land-use plan, adopted in 1940, has been adhered to with minor changes since then. Most all nonconforming uses have been eliminated through attrition and it has developed to the allowed uses outlined on the 1940 zoning map. It is predominantly a single-family residential area, with no industrial uses. It has a small cohesive central business district that provides most basic services, including post office, library, Village Hall, performing arts theatre, train station (to Chicago), and other shopping needs.
Since the late 20th century, for 20 years the village has had redevelopment of smaller homes. They have been torn down and replaced by larger homes, spurring debate on historic preservation, the effects of an increasingly wealthy demographic, and rising property taxes.
In addition to such private development, during this time, the village has completed major reconstruction of its street and sidewalk network. The village installed brick sidewalks and period street lights in the business district. Many public buildings have been or are being remodelled or expanded, including the public schools, Village Hall, library, Park District Community Center, and refrigerated outdoor ice rink. The building housing the Glencoe Woman's Club (formerly Woman's Library Club) was torn down. It was replaced by a new building, designed by Jeanne Gang, that houses Writers Theatre, which opened in 2016. The private golf clubs (Lake Shore Country Club and Skokie Country Club) have also conducted major remodeling, additions, and reconstruction.
Local media covering news in Glencoe include The Glencoe Anchor, Winnetka-Glencoe Patch, TribLocal and Pioneer Press. Glencoe was the founding home in 1947 of the important social scientific book publisher, the Free Press, until it was sold and moved to New York City in 1960.