Gokturk Family Tree
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Gokturk Family Tree

The Göktürk family tree refers to the ruling Ashina clan of the Turkic Khaganate, a vast medieval empire which stretched from northeast China to the Black Sea.[1] The following family tree is given in five sections:[2]

  1. The united empire up to 603 (death of Tardu Khagan)
  2. The west half of the empire which was ruled by yabgus in behalf of the central khagans up to 599 and the same half ruled independently after the empire was partitioned.
  3. East half of the empire after 603
  4. The reestablishment of the empire after 681 ( so called the second empire)
  5. West and east parts of the first empire

The color legend is as follows.


 
Khagan
(Emperor)
 
Ruler of
the east side
 
Ruler of
the west side

It can be seen that both the central empire and (later) the east wing were ruled by the descendants of Bumin and the west part was ruled by the descendants of ?stemi with two exceptions;

  • Tardu, a yabgu of the west became the central khagan between 599-603 .
  • Yukuk, a shad (a prince) in the east wing became the ruler of the west wing.

In the following trees only those with reigning dates became khagan or yabgu.

First Empire (before the partitioning)


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Tuwu of Ashina house)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Bumin Khagan
(551-552)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
?stemi[Note 1]
(551-576)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.Issik Khagan
(552-554)
 
 
 
3.Mukan Khagan
(554-572)
 
4.Taspar Khagan
(572-581)
 
 
Tardu Khagan[Note 2]
(576-603)
 
 
Tamgan
(Turksanf)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.Ishbara Khagan
(581-587)
 
8.Bagha Khagan
(587-589)
 
5.Apa Khagan
 
6.Ashina Anluo
(581-581)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9.Tulan Khagan
(589-599)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Eastern Turkic Empire (after 603)

 
 
 
 
 
 
Bagha Khagan
(587-589)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
E1.Yami Qaghan
(603-609)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
E2.Shibi Qaghan
(611-619)
 
 
E3.Chuluo Qaghan
(619-621)
 
 
E4.Illig Qaghan
(621-630)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jiesheshuai
(Kür?at)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yukuk Shad
(638-642)
 

Western Turkic Empire (after 603)

 
 
 
 
Tardu Khagan
(576-603)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tuli
 
 
 
Külüg Sibir
(630-631)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Buyuruk
(Ni-ri)
 
Sheguy
(611-618)
 
Bagha Shad
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tong Yabgu
(618-630)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taman
(603-611)
 
Böri Shad
 
Dulu Khan
(633-634)
 
Ishbara Tolis
(634-638)
 
 
Irbis Bolun Cabgu
(631-633)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Khazars)
 
 
 
Ishbara (Hall?g)
(651-658)
 
 
?l Küllig
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Irbis Seguy
(642-651)

Second Empire

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Itmis Beg of Ashina House)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kapaghan Khagan
(694-716)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ilterish Khagan
(681-694)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tuzel Beg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inel Khagan
(716-717)
 
 
Bilge Khagan
(717-734)
 
 
 
 
 
Kül Tigin
 
 
Pan Kül Tigin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yoll?g Khagan
(734-739)
 
 
 
Bilge Kutluk Khagan
(739-742)
 
 
 
 
Özmi? Khagan
(742-744)
 
 
 
Kulun Beg[Note 3]

First Empire (United and partitioned together)




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ashina Tuwu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bumin Khagan
(551-552)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
?stemi
(551-576)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issik Khagan
(552-554)
 
 
 
Mukan Khagan
(554-572)
 
Taspar Khagan
(572-581)
 
 
 
Tardu Khagan
(599-603)
 
 
 
Tamgan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ishbara Khagan
(581-587)
 
Bagha Khagan
(587-589)
 
Apa Khagan
 
Amrak
(581-581)
 
 
Tuli
 
 
 
Külüg Sibir
(630-631)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tulan Khagan
(589-599)
 
Tolis Khagan
(603-609)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Buyuruk
(Ni-ri)
 
Sheguy
(611-618)
 
Bagha Shad
 
 
 
 
 
Tong Yabgu
(618-630)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shibir Khagan
(611-619)
 
 
Chulu Khagan
(618-621)
 
 
Kat Il Khagan
(621-630)
 
Taman
(603-611)
 
Böri Shad
 
Dulu Khan
(633-634)
 
Ishbara Tolis
(634-638)
 
Irbis Bolun Cabgu
(631-633)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jiesheshuai
(Kür?at)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yukuk Shad
(638-642)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
El Kulug Shad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Irbis Seguy
(642-651)

Footnotes

  1. ^ Only as a yabgu.
  2. ^ 576-599 as the yabgu of the West and 599-603 as the khagan.
  3. ^ According to Ta?al he was Özmi? Khagan's son.

References

  1. ^ Jean Paul Roux: Türklerin Tarihi (Historie des Turcs), tr:Prof Dr Aykut Kazanc?gil, Lale Arslan Özcan, Kabalc? yay?nevi, ?stanbul, 2007, p 101.
  2. ^ L.M.Gümilev :Eski Türkler, trans:Ahsen Batur, Selenge yay?nlar?, ?stanbul, 2002, ISBN 975-7856-39-8, OCLC 52822672, pp.561-564

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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