Gol Transportes Aereos
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Gol Transportes Aereos
GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes
LogoGOL-Pref-FundoClaro-RGB.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
G3 GLO GOL
Founded2000
Commenced operations2001
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programSmiles
Fleet size127
Destinations97
Company slogan
Traded asB3GOLL3, GOLL4
NYSEGOL
HeadquartersSantos Dumont Airport, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil[1]
Key peopleo Paulo Kakinoff (President and CEO)

o Constantino de Oliveira (Founder)

o Constantino de Oliveira Junior (Co-Founder/Chairman)

o Richard Lark Jr. (CFO)

o Celso Ferrer Jr. (COO)
RevenueIncrease US$ 3.0 billion (2018)
Net incomeDecrease - US$ 200.8 million (2018)
Websitewww.voegol.com

GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes S.A ("GOL Intelligent Airlines S.A." also known as VRG Linhas Aéreas S/A) B3GOLL3, GOLL4 / NYSEGOL is a Brazilian low-cost airline based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[2] According to the National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil (ANAC), between January and December 2018 GOL had 35.7% of the domestic and 9.6% of the international market shares in terms of passengers per kilometer flown,[3] making it the largest domestic and third largest international airline in Brazil. GOL competes in Brazil and other South American countries with Chilean LATAM Airlines Group, Brazilian Azul and Colombia-based Avianca Holdings S.A. It also owns the brand Varig, although now that name refers to what is informally known as the "new" Varig, founded in 2006, not to the extinct "old" Varig airline, founded in 1927.

GOL operates a growing domestic and international scheduled network. Its main hubs are São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport and Tancredo Neves International Airport near Belo Horizonte. GOL also has focus operations at Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport, São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, Salgado Filho International Airport in Porto Alegre GOL refers to itself as GOL Intelligent Airlines[4] (GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes in Portuguese) as a slogan. The company is traded on the New York Stock Exchange as "GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes S.A."[5]

The company's name is a Brazilian Portuguese and Spanish word borrowing from the English word "goal" from Association football.[6]

History

Early years

The Boeing 737-700 airplane used in GOL's second commercial flight, showing the company's brand.
GOL ticket counter at Brasilia International Airport

The airline was established in 2000 and started operations on January 15, 2001 with a flight from Brasília to São Paulo.[7] It is a subsidiary of the Brazilian conglomerate Grupo Áurea, based in Minas Gerais state, which has other transportation interests, including Brazil's largest long-distance bus company. Grupo Áurea in turn is owned by the Constantino family. Constantino Júnior was responsible for building the business next to the vice president of the company, David Barioni.[8][9]

On June 24, 2004 GOL launched simultaneous initial public offerings on the New York and São Paulo stock exchanges. In 2007, GOL was owned by AeroPar Participações (75.5%), Venture (17.6%), American International Group (5.4%) and Air France-KLM (1,5%).[10] The growth in GOL's stock price made the Constantino family a member of the Forbes magazine billionaire list in 2005.

In 2007, GOL was supposed to begin a code-share agreement with TAP Portugal, opening the European market to the Brazilian airline, and the internal Brazilian market to the Portuguese airline (the largest foreign airline in Brazil). Instead, TAP Portugal chose to cooperate with TAM Airlines (TAM Linhas Aéreas).[11]

On February 24, 2010 GOL announced it was in "advanced talks" to join Oneworld alliance,[12] which would allow it to catch up with rival TAM, a recent member of Star Alliance. However, on October 6, 2010, the airline announced a change in position by denying any interest in joining an alliance, preferring to remain independent and to establish a "patchwork of code-sharing agreements."[13] Following this trend, on September 28, 2011 GOL and Aerolíneas Argentinas announced the intention to implement a codeshare, feeder and frequent flyer programs agreement on a date yet to be announced and pending approval from the governments of Brazil and Argentina.[14]

On March 18, 2010 GOL unveiled the expansion of its maintenance base located at Belo Horizonte/Confins - Tancredo Neves International Airport. Originally opened in 2006 with the capacity to service 60 aircraft per year (mainly Boeing 737 and 767), the expansion allowed GOL to increase the number to 120.[15] GOL later started also using the base to service aircraft from other airlines, and as of 2013 it also serviced airplanes from Azul Brazilian Airlines and Copa Airlines.[16][17]

On December 23, 2010, GOL Airlines started an operational partnership with Brazilian carrier Passaredo Linhas Aéreas. The agreement was rescinded on July 31, 2014, when Passaredo established a similar interline agreement with TAM Airlines instead.[18]

On December 7, 2011, GOL announced the intention of Delta Air Lines to purchase 3% of its shares.[19] The agreement also includes the creation of mutual code-share flights, alignment of frequent flyer benefits and transfer of GOL's Boeing 767s lease agreements to Delta.[20]

On October 1, 2012, GOL confirmed a firm order of 60 Boeing 737 MAXs. References did not specify the type of MAX aircraft.[21][22]

On October 6, 2012, GOL started seasonal operations to Miami and Orlando, available for Smiles account holders and originating in Brazil only. Technically, they are considered charter flights, although they are not necessarily part of an inclusive tour package; the use of miles or miles plus money is mandatory, as well as a minimum 7-day stay at the destination.[23]

In February 2014, Air France-KLM announced it would invest $100 million in GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes in advance of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympics.[24]

Some disagreement exists as to whether GOL is a low-cost carrier. In 2014, GOL was ranked the second best low-cost airline in South America after Azul.[25] GOL refers to itself as a low-cost carrier, but it is increasingly not regarded as such. According to UFRJ specialist Elton Fernandes, "GOL's costs are not very different from those of TAM Airlines. People are accustomed to calling GOL low-cost, but GOL is not that. It is not even low-fare anymore."[26]

On 26 September 2019, Delta announced that it will exit its minority stake in GOL, following Delta acquiring 20% stake of LATAM Airlines Group.[27]

Purchase of Varig

Logo of the "new" VARIG brand

On March 28, 2007 GOL officially purchased part of the assets of VARIG - VRG Linhas Aéreas, informally known as the "new Varig," a new company that owned the Varig brand, for US$320 million from Volo Group and MatlinPatterson Global Opportunies hedge fund. At that time, the "old Varig" was under bankruptcy protection.

GOL announced that the Varig brand would continue doing business operating as such, rather than its official name VRG Linhas Aéreas.[28] The transaction, via its GTI subsidiary, required a US$98 million cash payment, with the balance through the allocation of non-voting shares to VARIG Logística and Volo, which had acquired VARIG in June 2006 for US$24 million.[29] The transaction did not involve the original airline, informally known as "old Varig," which continued to exist until its own bankruptcy in mid-2010 under the name Flex Linhas Aéreas.

In 2009 GOL was merged into VRG Linhas Aéreas. VRG Linhas Aéreas thus became an airline that operates two brands: GOL and Varig, although in reality flights are operated only under GOL flight numbers. Initially, the Varig brand operated to medium-haul scheduled and charter international destinations within South America and to the Caribbean with Boeing 737-700's configured in two classes, and to long-haul charter international destinations in North America, Europe and Africa with Boeing 767-300ERs configured in economy only. The latter were also used in wet-lease operations.[30] This scheme was later dropped. The brand GOL operates most of the flights of the network, and had aircraft configured in all-economy class, used for scheduled domestic and international operations within South America.

Because of contractual obligations, between 2006 and 2009 the "new Varig" (VRG Linhas Aéreas) was obliged to purchase a minimum of 140 hours/month of services from the "old Varig" (Flex Linhas Aéreas). Therefore, at that time, some of VRG Linhas Aéreas flights operated with GOL flight numbers but were actually flown with chartered aircraft from Flex Linhas Aéreas. The agreement ceased before the bankruptcy of Flex on August 20, 2010.[31]

Purchase of Webjet Linhas Aéreas

On July 9, 2011, VRG Linhas Aéreas, owner of the brands GOL and Varig, announced the intention to purchase full control of WebJet Linhas Aéreas.[32] The purchase contract was signed on August 2, 2011.[33] On October 10, 2012 the purchase received its final approval with some operational restrictions from the Brazilian regulatory agency.[34] Services were integrated but both companies continued to operate independently for some weeks.[35][36] Integration started on October 17, 2012 when sales requested via Webjet's web-portal started to be redirected to GOL's site.[37] However, on November 23, 2012 Webjet abruptly ceased to operate and all services were incorporated by GOL. The Webjet brand ceased to exist.[35][36] GOL also announced its intention to return all of Webjet's Boeing 737-300s to lessors until the end of the first quarter of 2013. There was no mention to the fate of Webjet's 737-800s.[38]

Webjet Boeing 737-300.

Partnership with TwoFlex

On April 12, 2019, Gol announced an adapted Essential Air Service partnership with TwoFlex in which the latter would operate feeder services on behalf of Gol in the States of Amazonas, Pará and Mato Grosso using Cessna 208 Caravan aircraft. The flights are marketed by Gol in its reservation platform but operated by TwoFlex and integrated into the network of Gol. This partnership greatly increased the number of Gol destinations in these three States.[39]

Destinations

Codeshare agreements

GOL has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[40]

Fleet

Current fleet

As of October 2019, the fleet of GOL Transportes Aereos, consists of the following aircraft:[42]

Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
W Y Total
Boeing 737-700 24 42 104 144
Boeing 737-800 96 36 150 186
Boeing 737 MAX 8 7 93[43] 36 144 180 Aircraft with 180 seats used for international services, aircraft with 186 seats used for domestic services.[44]
Order with 100 options and 100 purchase rights.[45]
42 144 186
Boeing 737 MAX 10 30[46] TBA Orders converted from Boeing 737 MAX 8
Total 127 128

Former fleet

Retired GOL and VARIG Fleets
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Boeing 737-300 24 2004 2011
Boeing 767-200ER 1 2007 2011
Boeing 767-300ER 2 2007 2011

Airline Affinity Program

Smiles is GOL/Varig's Frequent-flyer program since July 20, 2006. Points can be used for services from GOL/Varig, and partners Aerolíneas Argentinas, Aeromexico, Air Canada, Air France, Alitalia, Copa Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Etihad, KLM, Qatar Airways and TAP Air Portugal, including flights, upgrades, holidays, hotel stays and car rentals. Smiles was part of the "new Varig" package bought by GOL, which honored all miles and eventually became its own frequent-flyer program. Previously GOL had no such program.[]

On a study conducted in 2011, Smiles ranked third among 24 chosen frequent flyer programs, with 97.1% success of requests made.[47]

In 2013, Smiles was spun off as an independent company [48] eventually leading to its IPO at BOVESPA in April 2013.[49]

Incidents and accidents

References

  1. ^ Gol. "Política de Privacidade". Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ 2010 CALENDÁRIO DE EVENTOS CORPORATIVOS Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine." Gol Transportes Aéreos. Retrieved on February 14, 2010. "Endereço da Sede: Praça Comandante Lineu Gomes, s/n, portaria 3, Aeroporto, CEP 04626-900 - São Paulo - SP"
  3. ^ "Demanda e oferta do transporte aéreo" (in Portuguese). Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC). 23 January 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Home Page (International), Gol Transportes Aéreos. January 4, 2007. Retrieved on June 14, 2009.
  5. ^ "GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes S.A. Archived 2013-10-21 at the Wayback Machine," NYSE Euronext
  6. ^ Clendenning, Alan (2005-02-06). "Brazilian airline flying high doing everything on the cheap". Deseret News. Salt Lake City. Retrieved . ...Gol, which translates as 'goal' in both Portuguese and Spanish in soccer-crazed Latin America,...
  7. ^ "Editorial". Revista Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes (in Portuguese). April 2012. p. 12.
  8. ^ "David Barioni". IstoE. Archived from the original on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Chamaram o piloto". Exame. Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 87.
  11. ^ "Agenzia stampa del settore aeronautico, elicotteristico, aerospaziale e della difesa". Avionews. 2007-06-25. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "AMR in alliance talks with China Eastern-CFO". Reuters. 24 February 2010. Retrieved .
  13. ^ Wisnefski, Stephen (6 October 2010). "Brazil's GOL Doesn't See Benefit of Joining Global Alliance". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010.
  14. ^ Andrade, Artur Luiz (28 September 2011). "Gol e Aerolíneas Argentinas terão code-share" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ Takar, Téo (18 March 2010). "Gol dobra capacidade do centro de manutenção de Confins" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  16. ^ "Centro de manutenção Gol Linhas Aéreas, em Confins" [Gol Linhas Aéreas Maintenance Center at Confins]. Falando de Viagem (in Portuguese). 2013-07-23. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Brazil MRO sector poised for major expansion". Flightglobal. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  18. ^ "TAM nega interesse na Passaredo e anuncia acordo" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ Komatsu, Alberto (December 7, 2011). "Delta terá participação de 3% na Gol". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ Seabra, Luciana (December 7, 2011). "Gol e Delta firmam acordo comercial para compartilhar voos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ Bader, Tim (October 1, 2012). "Gol anuncia nova compra de 60 jatos boeing 737 max". g1. Retrieved 2012.
  22. ^ Morgan, Adam (October 1, 2012). "Boeing, GOL Announce order for 60 737 MAX Airplanes". Boeing. Retrieved 2012.
  23. ^ "Voos Smiles para os EUA" (in Portuguese). Gol. September 14, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  24. ^ "Air France-KLM Partners with Brazilian Airline in Preparation for World Cup, Olympics". Ground Report. 20 Feb 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  25. ^ "Best Low-Cost Airlines in South America". Skytrax. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  26. ^ "Gol passa a cobrar pelo refrigerante e pela batatinha". Estadão (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014.
  27. ^ Josephs, Phil LeBeau,Leslie (2019-09-26). "Delta is buying 20% of LATAM, Latin America's largest airline". CNBC. Retrieved .
  28. ^ Former Brazilian Flagship Airline Bought 28 March 2007
  29. ^ Jackson Flores (2007-04-03). "Brazil's Gol nets ailing Varig successor". Flight International. p. 8.
  30. ^ Komatsu, Alberto (18 March 2010). "Varig vai a Europa e aos EUA com voo fretado" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  31. ^ Niemeyer, Felipe (20 August 2010). "Falência da Flex, Rio Sul e Nordeste: Trip deve assumir" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. Retrieved 2010.
  32. ^ Bemfeito, Fabíola (July 8, 2011). "Gol compra Webjet por R$311 milhões" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. Retrieved 2011.
  33. ^ Komatsu, Alberto (August 3, 2011). "Gol e Webjet assinam contrato de compra" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved 2011.
  34. ^ Máximo, Wellton (October 10, 2012). "Cade aprova compra da Webjet mas impõe restrições à Gol" (in Portuguese). Agência Brasil. Retrieved 2012.
  35. ^ a b Andrade, Artur Luiz (July 11, 2011). "Após aprovação da compra, Gol não usará marca Webjet" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. Retrieved 2011.
  36. ^ a b Nogueira, Danielle (October 6, 2012). "Último voo da Webjet está marcado para julho de 2013". O Globo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012.
  37. ^ Teixeira Alves, Danilo (October 17, 2012). "Integração entre Gol e Webjet começa pelo site" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. Retrieved 2012.
  38. ^ Aguilhar, Ligia (November 23, 2012). "Gol anuncia encerramento das atividades da Webjet e demite 850" (in Portuguese). Editora Globo. Retrieved 2012.
  39. ^ "GOL anuncia parceria com a TwoFlex para expansão de malha regional". Gol Transportes Aéreos (in Portuguese). 12 April 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  40. ^ "Profile on Gol". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. Retrieved .
  41. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/avianca-and-gol-confirm-codeshare-agreement-950363
  42. ^ "Global Airline Guide 2019 (Part One)". Airliner World: 7. October 2019.
  43. ^ "Boeing: Commercial". www.boeing.com. Retrieved .
  44. ^ "Passagens Aéreas na GOL". GOL. Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes. Retrieved .
  45. ^ http://www.cavok.com.br/blog/gol-anuncia-configuracao-interna-para-seus-boeing-737-max-8/
  46. ^ "Farnborough Air Show 2018 Orders & Commitments July 17, 2018". Air Transport World. 17 July 2018.
  47. ^ "Value Airlines Offer Best Reward Seat Availability, British and United Improve Most Among Majors" (PDF). IdeaWorks. May 17, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  48. ^ "Smiles' Investor Relations Website". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  49. ^ Souza, Beatriz (April 29, 2013). "Ações da Smiles sobem 9,2% em estréia na Bolsa" [Smiles' stocks surge 9.2% in the first day at the stock exchange]. exame.com. Retrieved 2013.
  50. ^ "Accident description N600XL and PR-GTD". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2011.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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