Gold Coast Classic (tennis)
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Gold Coast Classic Tennis

Australian Hard Court Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
Event nameAustralian Hard Court Championships (1938-2008)
TourPre open era (1938-1967)
Independent tour (1968-1969)
Grand Prix circuit (1970-90)
WTA Tour (1973-2008)
ATP Tour (1990-2008)
Founded1938
Editions63
LocationVarious cities on rotation

The Australian Hard Court Championships[1][2] was a former professional tennis tournament established in 1938 and held until 2008. The event was played on clay courts until 1977 when it switched to hard courts. The tournament was a combined event for men and women until the end of the 1980s.[3] In 2009, Tennis Australia merged the separate men's and women's tournaments into a new combined tournament called the Brisbane International.[4][5]

History

Men's event

The Australian Men's Hard Court Championships began in Sydney in 1938. Throughout its history the championships were hosted in various cities around Australia. The tournament was played on clay until 1977. In 1978 the event switched to hard courts and continued to be played on that surface until 1987. In the years 1987 and 1988, the tournament was held in conjunction with the South Australian Open. Between 1999 and 2004, the national title was held in conjunction with the AAPT Championships.[6] In 2005, the tournament was held in conjunction with the Adelaide Next Generation Hard Courts.[7] From 2006 until 2008, the tournament was held in conjunction with the Adelaide Next Generation International.[8] In 2008, the tournament in Adelaide was discontinued and merged with the women's event into a new combined tournament called the Brisbane International.

Women's event

The Australian Women's Hard Court Championships event began alongside the men's in Sydney in 1938 and was also hosted in various cities around Australia throughout its history. The tournament was played on clay courts until 1977. In 1978 the event switched to hard courts and continued to be played on that surface till 1987. Between 1989 and 1994, the event was held in conjunction with the Danone Australian Hardcourt Championships.[9] It was not staged in 1995 and 1996, but re-emerged as a women's only event called the Thalgo Australian Women's Hard Courts which was held until 2002. In 2003, the tournament took the sponsorship of Uncle Tobys, and was named Uncle Tobys Hardcourts until 2005. Between 2006 and 2008, it was held as the Mondial Australian Women's Hardcourts.[10] In 2009 the tournament was discontinued and was merged with the men's event into a new combined tournament called the Brisbane International.

Sponsors

Sponsors for the men's event included Eurovox[11] and Goldair.[12] Sponsors for the women's event included Danone, Uncle Tobys, Mondial, and Thalgo.

Past finals

Past finals of the championship's events include:[13][14]

Men's singles

Location Year Champion Runner up Score
Sydney 1938 Australia Jack Crawford[15] Australia Vivian McGrath 2-6, 3-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-4
Toowoomba[16] 1939 Australia Vivian McGrath Australia James Gilchrist 3-6, 7-5, 7-5, 6-0
Hobart 1940 Australia John Bromwich[17] Australia Jack Crawford 6-1, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2
1941-1945 No event WW2
Sydney 1946 Australia Dinny Pails[18] Australia Geoff Brown 7-5, 6-2 7-5
Toowoomba 1947 Australia Adrian Quist[19] Australia Frank Sedgman 6-3, 6-2, 6-3
Sydney[20] 1948 Australia Adrian Quist Australia Bill Sidwell 6-2, 6-1, 7-5
1949 Australia Adrian Quist Australia Geoff Brown 4-6, 8-6, 6-4, 6-0
Toowoomba[21] 1950 Australia Frank Sedgman Australia George Worthington 6-1, 6-0, 6-4
Launceston[22] 1951 Australia Frank Sedgman Australia Don Candy 6-3, 6-2, 6-2
Melbourne 1952 Australia Lew Hoad Australia Ken Rosewall 2-6, 6-1, 1-6, 6-2, 11-9
Sydney 1953 Australia Lew Hoad[22] Australia John Bromwich 7-5, 6-3, 2-6, 9-7
Brisbane 1954 Australia Mervyn Rose Australia Don Candy 7-5, 6-4, 6-2
Launceston 1955 Australia Ken Rosewall Australia Neale Fraser 6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 6-1
Melbourne 1956 Australia Ashley Cooper[23] Australia Mervyn Rose 7-5, 6-4, 9-11, 6-4
1957 Australia Ashley Cooper[23] Australia Neale Fraser 6-2, 4-6, 6-3, 6-3
Brisbane 1958 Australia Ashley Cooper[23] Australia Bob Mark 7-5, 6-2, 6-2
Melbourne 1959 Australia Neale Fraser Australia Roy Emerson 6-2, 3-6, 12-10, 6-3
Hobart 1960 Australia Martin Mulligan South Africa Bob Hewitt 6-1, 6-2, 4-6, 6-4
1961 South Africa Bob Hewitt Australia Rod Laver 6-4, 6-2, 5-7, 6-3
Brisbane 1962 Australia Rod Laver Australia Fred Stolle 6-2, 2-6, 6-4, 4-6, 8-6
Melbourne 1963 Australia Neale Fraser Australia Owen Davidson 6-2, 6-2, 6-4
Launceston 1964 Australia Martin Mulligan Australia Fred Stolle 6-3, 6-4, 8-6
Sydney 1965 Australia John Newcombe Australia Fred Stolle 4-6, 6-1, 6-1, 6-3
1966 Australia Roy Emerson Australia Tony Roche 6-3, 8-6, 4-6, 6-3
Melbourne 1967 Australia Tony Roche Australia John Newcombe 5-7, 7-5, 6-2, 6-2
Open era
Sydney 1968 Australia Phil Dent Australia Bob Giltinan 6-2, 6-4, 12-10
1969 Australia Ray Ruffels Australia Ian Fletcher 6-4, 6-4, 3-6, 5-7, 6-3
Toowoomba 1970 Australia Colin Dibley[24] Australia Bob Giltinan 6-3, 7-6, 6-4
Southport 1971 Australia Mal Anderson Australia Geoff Masters 2-6, 6-0, 6-3, 6-2
1972 Australia Geoff Masters Australia Mal Anderson 6-3, 6-7, 6-3, 7-5
Rockdale 1973 Australia Ross Case Australia Kim Warwick 6-3, 6-1, 6-0
Gympie 1974 West Germany Ulrich Pinner Sweden Kjell Johansson 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 7-5
Melbourne 1975 Australia Peter McNamara Australia John Marks 6-2, 6-2, 6-2
Sydney 1976 Australia Terry Rocavert Australia Warren Maher 6-4, 6-7, 2-6, 7-6, 6-4
Melbourne 1977 Australia David Carter Australia Mal Anderson 6-1, 6-3
1978 No event
Hobart 1979[25] Argentina Guillermo Vilas Australia Mark Edmondson 6-4, 6-4
1980[26] Israel Shlomo Glickstein United States Robert Van't Hof 7-6, 6-4
Sydney 1981 Australia Kim Warwick Australia Greg Whitecross 6-3, 7-6
1982 Australia Pat Cash Australia Craig A. Miller 7-5, 6-7, 6-2
1983 Australia Simon Youl Australia John Frawley 3-6, 7-5, 6-2
1984 Australia Peter Doohan[27] United States Jonathan Canter 2-6, 6-3, 6-3
1985 Australia Peter Doohan[27] Australia Bruce Derlin 6-4, 6-4
1986 Australia Peter Doohan[27] Australia Desmond Tyson 6-3, 6-2
1987 Australia John Frawley Australia Johan Anderson 6-2, 6-3
Adelaide 1988 Australia Mark Woodforde Australia Wally Masur 6-2, 6-4
1989 Australia Mark Woodforde West Germany Patrik Kühnen 7-5, 1-6, 7-5
1990 Austria Thomas Muster United States Jimmy Arias 3-6, 6-2, 7-5
1991 Sweden Nicklas Kulti Germany Michael Stich 6-3, 1-6, 6-2
1992 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? Sweden Christian Bergström 1-6, 7-6(7-5), 6-4
1993 Sweden Nicklas Kulti Sweden Christian Bergström 3-6, 7-5, 6-4
1994 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov Russia Alexander Volkov 6-4, 6-3
1995 United States Jim Courier France Arnaud Boetsch 6-2, 7-5
1996 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov Zimbabwe Byron Black 7-6(7-0), 3-6, 6-1
1997 Australia Todd Woodbridge Australia Scott Draper 6-2, 6-1
1998 Australia Lleyton Hewitt[28] Australia Jason Stoltenberg 3-6, 6-3, 7-6(7-4)
1999 Sweden Thomas Enqvist Australia Lleyton Hewitt 4-6, 6-1, 6-2
2000 Australia Lleyton Hewitt Sweden Thomas Enqvist 3-6, 6-3, 6-2
2001 Germany Tommy Haas Chile Nicolás Massú 6-3, 6-1
2002 United Kingdom Tim Henman Australia Mark Philippoussis 6-4, 6-7(6-8), 6-3
2003 Russia Nikolay Davydenko Belgium Kristof Vliegen 6-2, 7-6(7-3)
2004 Slovakia Dominik Hrbatý France Michaël Llodra 6-4, 6-0
2005 Sweden Joachim Johansson[29] United States Taylor Dent 7-5, 6-3
2006 France Florent Serra Belgium Xavier Malisse 6-3, 6-4
2007 Serbia Novak Djokovic Australia Chris Guccione 6-3, 6-7(6-8), 6-4
2008 France Michaël Llodra Finland Jarkko Nieminen 6-3, 6-4
succeeded by Brisbane International

Men's doubles

Women's singles

Location Year Champion Runner up Score
Rockdale 1938 Australia Emily Hood Westacott[3] Australia May Hardcastle 7-5 6-1
Toowoomba 1939 Australia May Hardcastle Australia Thelma Coyne 6-3 6-4
Hobart 1940 Australia Nell Hall Hopman Australia Thelma Coyne 6-4 3-6 6-1
1941-45 No event WW2
Sydney 1946 Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton[30] Australia Dulcie Whittaker 7-5 6-1
Toowoomba 1947 Australia Thelma Coyne Long Australia Mary Bevis 8-6 6-3
Launceston 1948 Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton Australia Sadie Berryman Newcombe 6-2 6-3
Sydney[31] 1949 Australia Mary Bevis Australia Esme Ashford 6-1 6-1
Toowoomba 1950[32] Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton Australia Thelma Coyne Long 5-7 6-3 6-3
Launceston 1951 Australia Joyce Fitch Australia Beryl Penrose 4-6 7-5 6-1
Sydney 1952 Australia Pam Southcombe Australia Loris Nichols 6-4 7-5
1953 Australia Beryl Penrose Australia Mary Bevis Hawton 6-2 6-3
Brisbane 1954 Australia Jenny Staley Australia Beryl Penrose 3-6 6-0 6-4
Launceston 1955 Australia Margaret Hellyer Australia Pat Parmenter 6-4 6-3
Melbourne 1956 Australia Mary Carter Australia Marie Toomey Martin 7-5 4-6 6-1
Sydney 1957 Australia Beth Jones Australia Mary Bevis Hawton 6-3 4-6 6-2
Brisbane 1958 Australia Lorraine Coghlan Australia Mary Bevis Hawton 6-3 6-3
Melbourne 1959 Australia Jan Lehane Australia Lorraine Coghlan 6-0 2-6 6-2
Hobart 1960 Australia Lesley Turner Australia Dawn Robberds 6-2 6-2
Rockdale 1961 Australia Margaret Smith Australia Lesley Turner 6-2 0-6 7-5
Brisbane 1962 Australia Lesley Turner Australia Jan Lehane 4-6 6-4 6-4
Glen Iris 1963 Australia Joan Gibson Australia Madonna Schacht 10-8 6-3
Launceston 1964 Australia Madonna Schacht Australia Gail Sherriff 1-6 8-6 10-8
Sydney 1965 Australia Lesley Turner[33] Australia Margaret Smith 7-5 6-3
Brisbane 1966 Australia Karen Krantzcke Australia Lexie Kenny 6-1 6-2
Melbourne 1967 Australia Lesley Turner Australia Kerry Melville 1-6 7-5 6-2
?  Open era  ?
Launceston 1968 Australia Karen Krantzcke Australia Evonne Goolagong 6-1 6-1
Sydney 1969 Australia Kerry Melville Australia Karen Krantzcke 6-3 8-10 6-1
Toowoomba 1970 Australia Evonne Goolagong Australia Marilyn Tesch 6-3 7-5
Southport 1971 Australia Evonne Goolagong United States Mona Schallau 6-1 6-1
Melbourne 1972 Australia Evonne Goolagong Australia Pat Coleman 6-7 6-2 6-2
Rockdale 1973 Australia Dianne Fromholtz[34] United States Ann Kiyomura 6-1 7-5
Gympie 1974 Sweden Helena Anliot Soviet Union Natasha Chmyreva 6-1 7-5
Melbourne 1975 Australia Judy Tegart Dalton Australia Kym Ruddell 6-2 6-3
Sydney 1976 Australia Dianne Fromholtz Australia Leanne Harrison 6-1 6-0
Brighton East 1977 Australia Sue Saliba Australia Pam Whytcross 2-6 7-6 6-2
1978 No event
? 1979 United States Jill Davis ? ?
Hobart-Jan 1980 Australia Nerida Gregory Australia Karen Gulley 7-5 6-2
Hobart -Nov 1980 Australia Susan Leo ? ?
1981 No event
Sydney 1982 Australia Anne Minter Australia Amanda Tobin Dingwall 6-4 6-2
1983 Australia Anne Minter Australia Amanda Tobin Dingwall 6-3 6-4
1984 Australia Dianne Balestrat Sweden Anneli Björk 6-3 6-2
1985 Sweden Helena Dahlström Sweden Monica Lundqvist 6-4 3-6 7-6
1986 Australia Nicole Provis Australia Michelle Bowrey 6-3 6-3
Auburn 1987 Australia Louise Stacey Australia Jane Morro 0-6 7-6 6-2
1988 No event
Brisbane 1989 Czech Republic Helena Suková[35] Netherlands Brenda Schultz 7-6 7-6
1990 Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva[36] Australia Rachel McQuillan 6-4 6-0
1991 Czech Republic Helena Suková[35] Japan Akiko Kijimuta 6-4 6-3
1992[37] Australia Nicole Provis Australia Rachel McQuillan 6-3 6-2
1993 Spain Conchita Martínez Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva 6-3 6-4
1994 United States Lindsay Davenport Argentina Florencia Labat 6-1 2-6 6-3
1995-1996 No event
Hope Island 1997 Russia Elena Likhovtseva Japan Ai Sugiyama 3-6, 7-6, 6-3
1998 Japan Ai Sugiyama[38] Venezuela Maria Vento 7-5, 6-0
1999 Switzerland Patty Schnyder[39] France Mary Pierce 4-6, 7-6(7-5), 6-2
Gold Coast 2000 Croatia Silvija Talaja Spain Conchita Martínez 6-1, 3-6, 6-0
2001 Belgium Justine Henin Italy Silvia Farina Elia 7-6(7-5), 6-4
2002 United States Venus Williams[40] Belgium Justine Henin 7-5, 6-2
2003 France Nathalie Dechy Switzerland Marie-Gayanay Mikaelian 6-3, 3-6, 6-3
2004 Japan Ai Sugiyama Russia Nadia Petrova 1-6, 6-1, 6-4
2005 Switzerland Patty Schnyder Australia Samantha Stosur 1-6, 6-3, 7-5
2006 Czech Republic Lucie ?afá?ová Italy Flavia Pennetta 6-3, 6-4
2007 Russia Dinara Safina Switzerland Martina Hingis 6-3, 3-6, 7-5
2008 China Li Na Belarus Victoria Azarenka 4-6, 6-3, 6-4
succeeded by Brisbane International

See also

Notes

Notes 1: From inception in 1938 the men's and women's events of the championships were hosted at the same locations and venues for most of its duration until 1986. Though there were a few exceptions after 1986, the name of the event- the (national title)- remained but the tournaments were separated into individual events for men and women[41] until 2008.
Notes 2: As early as 1949, the (national championships) were occasionally held in conjunction with other tournaments[42] which has been the case in more recent times.[37]

References

  1. ^ Alexander, J. A. (1950). Australia, the Herald Year Book. Melbourne Herald & Weekly Times. p. 776.
  2. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". The Evening News. Rockhampton, Qld. 28 June 1938. p. 12. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ a b "HARD-COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". The Age. Melbourne. 4 July 1938. p. 7. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Baghdatis confirmed, Tomic expected". Brisbane International Tennis. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Transferring tennis championships to Brisbane wrong: Rann". ABC News. 8 July 2006. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "PLUS: TENNIS - AAPT CHAMPIONSHIPS; Norman Wins First-Round Match". The New York Times. Associated Press. 2000. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Johansson wins Adelaide title". The Age. 9 January 2005. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "2008 Next Generation Adelaide International Singles ATP Results". Fox Sports. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "RESULTS PLUS". The New York Times. 5 January 1989. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "WTA Finals - 2014 to 1971" (PDF). Women's Tennis Association (WTA). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Lloyd to play, Richards 12th". The Age. Melbourne. 5 January 1980. p. 30. Retrieved 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "Warwick wins tennis, with no umpires". The Canberra Times. 26 October 1982. p. 18. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ Archives, Tennis. "Australian Hard Courts". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CH. Tournament Roll of honour". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis Base. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "HARD-COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". Border Watch. Mount Gambier, SA. 5 July 1938. p. 8. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ "HARD-COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". West Australian. Perth. 29 March 1940. p. 17. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "Bromwich Wins Tennis Title". Sporting Globe. Melbourne. 30 March 1940. p. 5. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 9 September 1946. p. 5. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "Quist Wins Singles Title". Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton, Qld. 10 November 1947. p. 4. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ "HARD COURT TITLES FOR SYDNEY". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 February 1949. p. 7. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "TITLES GAMES IN TOOWOOMBA". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 2 February 1950. p. 4. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Nore Courts Necessary at Launceston". The Mercury. Hobart, Tasmania. 22 April 1949. p. 12. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ a b c "Cooper Wins Third Hard-Court Title". The Canberra Times. 31 March 1958. p. 8. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ "Australian hard court title to NSW". The Canberra Times. 9 November 1970. p. 14. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "Hobart Results 1979". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "Hobart Results 1980". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ a b c "Display: Peter Doohan". collections.ncc.nsw.gov.au. Sporting Hall of Fame, New South Wales Government, Australia. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "Hewitt in Adelaide swansong". The Daily Telegraph, Australia, 21 August 2007. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ "Johansson wins Adelaide title - Tennis". The Age. 9 January 2005. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 9 September 1946. p. 5. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "HARDCOURT TITLES HERE". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 April 1949. p. 8. Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ "TENNIS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 22 April 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ "Margaret Smith beaten". The Canberra Times. 25 October 1965. p. 13. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "Dianne's 10th title of year". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 December 1973. Retrieved 2017 – via Google News Archive Search.
  35. ^ a b "SPORTS TODAY". The Buffalo News. 6 January 1991. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ ITF Brisbane 1990
  37. ^ a b "Australians clash in women's tennis final". The Age. Melbourne. 5 January 1992. p. 44. Retrieved 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  38. ^ "1998 Hope Island". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2015.
  39. ^ David, Rowe (2003). Critical Readings: Sport, Culture And The Media. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). p. 285. ISBN 9780335211500.
  40. ^ "Venus Is Australia Hardcourt Champ". Huron Daily Tribune (3 January 2012). Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "Tennis news..." The Times (4 January 2006). Malta. Reuters. Retrieved 2017.
  42. ^ "HARDCOURT TITLES HERE". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 April 1949. p. 8. Retrieved 2017.

Sources

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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