Goldeneye (estate)
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Goldeneye Estate
Goldeneye

Goldeneye is the original name of novelist Ian Fleming's estate on Oracabessa bay on the northern coastline of Jamaica. He purchased 15 acres (61,000 m2) adjacent to the Golden Clouds estate in 1946 and built his home on the edge of a cliff overlooking a private beach. The three bedroom structure was constructed from Fleming's sketch, fitted with wooden jalousie windows and a swimming pool.[1] Fleming's visitors at Goldeneye included actors, musicians, and filmmakers.[2] The property now operates as Goldeneye Hotel and Resort, consisting of Fleming's main house and several cottages.

The estate is located in the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, established in 2011 to protect the area's marine ecosystem.[3] It is adjacent to James Bond Beach.

History

The land is on the site of a former donkey racetrack. The home was built on a cliff overlooking a private beach and was based on a sketch by the author and featured unglazed windows.

In spite of its obvious proximity to Golden Clouds, Fleming claimed a number of origins for the name Goldeneye, including Carson McCullers's 1941 novel, Reflections in a Golden Eye and Operation Goldeneye, a Second World War era contingency plan Fleming had developed in case of a Nazi invasion of Gibraltar through Spain.[4]

Fleming joined The Sunday Times in 1946, for which he oversaw the paper's worldwide network of correspondents. He negotiated a contract whereby he could spend three months of each year at Goldeneye. Here he entertained Ann Fleming. Ann was then married to Lord Rothermere, who thought Ann was staying with Noël Coward.[5]

On 17 February 1952, Fleming began writing his first Bond novel, Casino Royale, at Goldeneye.[6] For the next twelve years, Fleming wrote all his Bond stories there.[7] A number of the Bond movies, including Dr. No and Live and Let Die, were filmed near the estate.[8]

In 1956 British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden and his wife Clarissa spent a month at Goldeneye after Eden's health collapsed in the wake of the Suez Crisis. The attendant publicity helped to boost Fleming's writing career.[9]

In 1976, twelve years after Ian Fleming's death, the property was sold to reggae musician Bob Marley. A year later he sold the estate to Island Records founder Chris Blackwell.[10] Blackwell gradually added 25 acres (100,000 m2) in small parcels to the original estate to reach a current total of 40 acres (160,000 m2). As it grew, he also added various cottages and huts around an inner lagoon sandwiched between James Bond Beach and Low Cay Beach. In the late 1980s, he formed the Island Outpost Company and opened the property as a small hotel.

In 1995, GoldenEye became the title of the seventeenth James Bond film, the first to star Pierce Brosnan.

Hotel and resort

Rather than a traditional hotel, Goldeneye resort is a compound of tropical buildings, gardens and private beaches. It closed in 2007 for major additions and renovations, and reopened in December 2010.

Guests

Fleming's Goldeneye became the social epicenter of Jamaica's north coast along with nearby Firefly owned by Noël Coward, and Bolt House, owned by Chris Blackwell's mother, Blanche, who was a long time friend of Fleming. The property was equally popular with a coterie of Hollywood stars and British literary greats as it was British aristocrats and international heads of state. Errol Flynn, Lucian Freud, Truman Capote, Patrick Leigh Fermor, the Duchess of Devonshire, Princess Margaret, and Prime Minister Anthony Eden were all visitors.

The Goldeneye of the Blackwell era has also attracted celebrities, both as his friends and resort guests. Among them Grace Jones, Bono, Naomi Campbell, Michael Caine, Pierce Brosnan, Harrison Ford, Johnny Depp, Kate Moss, and Richard Branson. Sting wrote Every Breath You Take at Fleming's writing desk while vacationing on the estate in 1982.[11]

Garden

A tradition, which was started by Sir Anthony Eden when he and his wife, Clarissa, planted a Santa Maria tree before departing from Goldeneye,[12]is still ongoing. Today, there are hundreds of mango, lime, orange and ackee trees in the garden. Each was planted by a guest, and has a small plaque saying who planted it and when. A $1,000 required donation goes to the Oracabessa Foundation.[]

See also

References

  1. ^ Ianfleming.com Description of house
  2. ^ The New York Times Fleming's celebrity guests
  3. ^ "Oracabessa Fish Sanctuary". Oracabessa Foundation. Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "The man behind Bond". BBC News. 1999-11-19.
  5. ^ Andrew Lycett, 'Fleming , Ann Geraldine Mary [other married names Ann Geraldine Mary O'Neill, Lady O'Neill; Ann Geraldine Mary Harmsworth, Viscountess Rothermere] (1913-1981)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2014 accessed 9 Feb 2017
  6. ^ "Fleming, Jamaica (1946 - 1964)".
  7. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew J. (1993-11-30). "James Bond created at Jamaica retreat". The Miami Herald. p. 5A.
  8. ^ "Jamaican retreat getting a facelift". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2007-02-14.
  9. ^ "Ian Fleming's not-so glamorous life on his island escape of Jamaica". Washington Post.
  10. ^ "Jamaica's Goldeneye to target residential tourists". USA Today. 2007-02-06.
  11. ^ "Sting.com > Discography > Synchronicity". www.sting.com. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Chancellor, Alexander (17 March 2003). "Diary" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.

Further reading

  • Parker, Matthew (2014). Goldeneye - Where Bond was Born: Ian Fleming's Jamaica. London: Windmill Books. ISBN 9780099591740.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Goldeneye_(estate)
 



 



 
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