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Gosty%C5%84

Gosty?
Basilica on the Holy Mountain, G?ogówko
Coat of arms of Gosty?
Coat of arms
Gosty? is located in Poland
Gosty?
Gosty?
Gosty? is located in Greater Poland Voivodeship
Gosty?
Gosty?
Coordinates: 51°52?45?N 17°0?45?E / 51.87917°N 17.01250°E / 51.87917; 17.01250
Country Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
CountyGosty? County
GminaGmina Gosty?
Founded1270s
Town rights1278
Area
 o Total10.79 km2 (4.17 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
(2006)
 o Total20,588
 o Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
63-800
Websitehttp://www.gostyn.pl/

Gosty? ['st] (German: Gostyn, 1941-45: Gostingen) is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship (from 1975 to 1998 in Leszno Voivodship), in Gosty? County. According to 30 June 2004 data its population was 20,746.

The total area of Gosty? is 10.79 square kilometres (4.17 sq mi). The town comprises 1% of the area of the county and 8% of the commune, according to G?ówny Urz?d Statystyczny.

The main landmark of Gosty? is Basilica of ?wi?ta Góra (Holy Hill), the main Marian sanctuary of the archdiocese of Pozna? and a masterpiece of Pompeo Ferrari, with the monastery of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri.

History

A 1278 document establishing Gosty? and granting town rights, issued by Przemys? II

Gosty? dates back to the 13th century. The town was founded by local nobleman Miko?aj Przedpe?kowic [pl] and granted town rights in 1278[1] by Przemys? II. It was named after the nearby village of Gosty?, which since took the name of Stary Gosty? ("Old Gosty?").[1] Administratively part of the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown, it developed as a local centre of trade and crafts. In the 16th century Gosty? was an important regional Reformation center,[2] and in 1565 a synod of various Protestants of Greater Poland was held there.[1] The town suffered during the 17th century Swedish invasions and an epidemic in the 18th-century.[1] In the 18th century one of two main routes connecting Warsaw and Dresden ran through the town at that time and Kings Augustus II the Strong and Augustus III of Poland often traveled that route.[3]

In 1793 Gosty? was annexed by Prussia during the Second Partition of Poland. In 1807 regained by the Poles as part of the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw, in 1815 it was re-annexed by Prussia.[2] Gosty? was a center of Polish resistance to Germanisation policies.[1] In 1835 Kasyno Gosty?skie was founded, a significant local Polish organization, which under the disguise of social activity conducted economic, educational and library activities.[4] The Prussians abolished the organization in 1846 and its library's collection was moved to Pozna?.[4] Gosty? was the site of preparations for the Greater Poland uprising (1848), and during the uprising, it was captured by the Prussians in April 1848.[4] Many inhabitants took part in the next Greater Poland uprising (1918-19),[1][2] after which Gosty? joined the re-established Polish state.

World War II

Monument to the victims of the October 21, 1939 execution at the Market Square

During World War II Gosty? was captured by the Werhmacht on September 6, 1939.[5] During the Nazi German occupation of Poland Gosty? became the site of public executions, arrests and expulsions. First mass arrests and executions were carried out already in September 1939.[6] On 21 October 1939 some 30 citizens of the town whose names were listed in the Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen (Special Prosecution Book-Poland) prepared by local German minority, were executed by an Einsatzkommando. Among the murdered were Gosty?'s mayor Hipolit Niestrawski, Polish activists, officials, craftsmen and former Greater Poland insurgents.[7] Mass expulsions began on 4 December 1939, with up to 2,000 Poles deported to General Government on the orders of SS-Standartenführer Ernst Damzog stationing in Pozna?. Between spring of 1940 and 15 March 1941 additional 3,222 were deported.[8] In 1940 the Czarny Legion [pl] secret Polish resistance organization was founded.[5] It was crushed by the Germans in 1941. Several dozens of its members were arrested and then brutally tortured in a prison in Rawicz.[5] After a Nazi show trial in Zwickau in 1942, 12 members were executed in Dresden, and several dozen were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps, where 37 of them died.[5]

Demographics

Data for 31 December 2003:

Total % Female % Male %
Population 20,929 100 10 886 52 10 043 48
employed 6 630 32 3 103 15 3 527 17
population density
(persons/km²)
1939   990   913  

Data for 30 June 2004:

Total % Female % Male %
population 20,746 ? 100 10 798 52 9 948 48
population density
(persons/km²)
1922            

Culture

There is a local historical museum in Gosty? (Muzeum w Gostyniu) and a private car museum (Auto-Muzeum w Gostyniu).

Gallery

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Historia". Gostyn.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Gosty?". Encyklopedia PWN (in Polish). Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Informacja historyczna". Dresden-Warszawa (in Polish). Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Kasyno gosty?skie". Region Wielkopolska (in Polish). Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d Wojciech Königsberg. "Czarny Legion - polska organizacja podziemna rozbita przez Niemców". WP Opinie (in Polish). Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ Maria Wardzy?ska, By? rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpiecze?stwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, p. 95, 116 (in Polish)
  7. ^ Wardzy?ska, Op. cit., p. 196
  8. ^ Robert Czub. "Pierwsze wysiedlenia Gostynian do Generalnego Gubernatorstwa - 8 grudnia 1939 roku" (PDF). Expulsions of Poles. Muzeum.Gostyn.pl. Retrieved 2012.

External links

Coordinates: 51°53?N 17°01?E / 51.883°N 17.017°E / 51.883; 17.017


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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