|o Total||10.79 km2 (4.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||90 m (300 ft)|
|o Density||1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Gosty? ['st] (German: Gostyn, 1941-45: Gostingen) is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship (from 1975 to 1998 in Leszno Voivodship), in Gosty? County. According to 30 June 2004 data its population was 20,746.
The total area of Gosty? is 10.79 square kilometres (4.17 sq mi). The town comprises 1% of the area of the county and 8% of the commune, according to G?ówny Urz?d Statystyczny.
The main landmark of Gosty? is Basilica of ?wi?ta Góra (Holy Hill), the main Marian sanctuary of the archdiocese of Pozna? and a masterpiece of Pompeo Ferrari, with the monastery of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri.
Gosty? dates back to the 13th century. The town was founded by local nobleman Miko?aj Przedpe?kowic and granted town rights in 1278 by Przemys? II. It was named after the nearby village of Gosty?, which since took the name of Stary Gosty? ("Old Gosty?"). Administratively part of the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown, it developed as a local centre of trade and crafts. In the 16th century Gosty? was an important regional Reformation center, and in 1565 a synod of various Protestants of Greater Poland was held there. The town suffered during the 17th century Swedish invasions and an epidemic in the 18th-century. In the 18th century one of two main routes connecting Warsaw and Dresden ran through the town at that time and Kings Augustus II the Strong and Augustus III of Poland often traveled that route.
In 1793 Gosty? was annexed by Prussia during the Second Partition of Poland. In 1807 regained by the Poles as part of the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw, in 1815 it was re-annexed by Prussia. Gosty? was a center of Polish resistance to Germanisation policies. In 1835 Kasyno Gosty?skie was founded, a significant local Polish organization, which under the disguise of social activity conducted economic, educational and library activities. The Prussians abolished the organization in 1846 and its library's collection was moved to Pozna?. Gosty? was the site of preparations for the Greater Poland uprising (1848), and during the uprising, it was captured by the Prussians in April 1848. Many inhabitants took part in the next Greater Poland uprising (1918-19), after which Gosty? joined the re-established Polish state.
During World War II Gosty? was captured by the Werhmacht on September 6, 1939. During the Nazi German occupation of Poland Gosty? became the site of public executions, arrests and expulsions. First mass arrests and executions were carried out already in September 1939. On 21 October 1939 some 30 citizens of the town whose names were listed in the Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen (Special Prosecution Book-Poland) prepared by local German minority, were executed by an Einsatzkommando. Among the murdered were Gosty?'s mayor Hipolit Niestrawski, Polish activists, officials, craftsmen and former Greater Poland insurgents. Mass expulsions began on 4 December 1939, with up to 2,000 Poles deported to General Government on the orders of SS-Standartenführer Ernst Damzog stationing in Pozna?. Between spring of 1940 and 15 March 1941 additional 3,222 were deported. In 1940 the Czarny Legion secret Polish resistance organization was founded. It was crushed by the Germans in 1941. Several dozens of its members were arrested and then brutally tortured in a prison in Rawicz. After a Nazi show trial in Zwickau in 1942, 12 members were executed in Dresden, and several dozen were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps, where 37 of them died.
Data for 31 December 2003:
|Population||20,929||100||10 886||52||10 043||48|
|employed||6 630||32||3 103||15||3 527||17|
Data for 30 June 2004:
|population||20,746||?||100||10 798||52||9 948||48|