Governor of Bengal
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Governor of Bengal

From 1760, a governor represented the British East India Company which had been granted the right to establish a trading post by the Nawabs of Bengal. Robert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

Below is a list of the governors of Bengal during the British Raj:

Presidents, 1680-1758


Name Took office Left office
William Hedges 1680 1683
John Beard 1683 1684
William Gyfford 1684 1685
Job Charnock 1685 1693
Francis Ellis 1693 1693
Charles Eyre 1693 1698
John Beard 1698 1695
Charles Eyre 1699 1700
Edward Littleton 1705 1705
'Ruled by a council' 1705 1710
Anthony Weltden 1710 1711
John Russell 1711 1713
Robert Hedges 1713 1718
Samuel Flake 1718 1723
John Deane 1723 1726
Henry Frankland 1726 1728
Edward Stephenson 1728 1728
John Deane 1728 1732
John Stackhouse 1732 1739
Thomas Broddyll 1739 1746
John Forster 1746 1748
William Barwell 1748 1749
Adam Dawson 1749 1752
William Fytche 1752 1752
Roger Drake 1752 1756

Under the leadership of Robert Clive, British troops and their local allies defeated the nawab on 23 June 1757 at the Battle of Plassey. The nawab was assassinated in Murshidabad, and the British installed their own replacement. Clive became governor.

List of Governors-General Governors (1758-1947)

Under the Charter Act 1853 the Governor General of India was relieved of his concurrent duties as Governor of Bengal and empowered to appoint a lieutenant-governor from 1854.

# Name

(birth-death)

Picture Took office Left office Appointer
1 Robert Clive 1758 1760
2 Henry Vansittart 1760 1765
3 Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive 1765 1767
4 Harry Verelst 1767 1769
5 John Cartier 1769 1773
Governors of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal), 1773-1833
1 Warren Hastings (1732-1818) Warren Hastings greyscale.jpg 20 October 1773 8 February 1785 East India Company
2 Sir John Macpherson (acting)

(1745-1821)

Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 8 February 1785 12 September 1786
3 Earl Cornwallis[1](1738-1805) Lord Cornwallis.jpg 12 September 1786 28 October 1793
4 Sir John Shore (1751-1834) JohnShore.jpg 28 October 1793 18 March 1798
5 Sir Alured Clarke (acting)

(1744-1832)

Alured Clarke.jpg 18 March 1798 18 May 1798
6 Marquess Wellesley [2]

(1760-1842)

Richard Wellesley 2.JPG 18 May 1798 30 July 1805
7 Marquess Cornwallis

(1738-1805)

Lord Cornwallis.jpg 30 July 1805 5 October 1805
8 Sir George Barlow, Bt (acting)

(1762-1847)

Sir George Barlow, 1st Bt from NPG crop.jpg 10 October 1805 31 July 1807
9 The Lord Minto (1751-1814) Gilbert Eliot, 1st Earl of Minto by James Atkinson.jpg 31 July 1807 4 October 1813
10 Marquess of Hastings (1754-1826)

[3]

Francis, 1st Marquess of Hastings (Earl of Moira).jpg 4 October 1813 9 January 1823
11 John Adam (acting)(1779-1825) Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 9 January 1823 1 August 1823
12 The Lord Amherst[4](1773-1857) Lordamherst 1820.jpg 1 August 1823 13 March 1828
13 William Butterworth Bayley

(acting) (1782-1860)

Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 13 March 1828 4 July 1828
14 Lord William Bentinck (1774-1839) Bentinck william.png 4 July 1828 1833
Governors-General of India, 1833-1858
14 Lord William Bentinck (1774-1839) Bentinck william.png 1833 20 March 1835 East India Company
15 Sir Charles Metcalfe, Bt (acting)

(1785-1846)

Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe by George Chinnery.jpg 20 March 1835 4 March 1836
16 The Lord Auckland (1784-1849) George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.png 4 March 1836 28 February 1842
17 The Lord Ellenborough (1790-1871) 1stEarlOfEllenborough.jpg 28 February 1842 June 1844
18 William Wilberforce Bird (acting)

(1784-1857)

Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg June 1844 23 July 1844
19 Sir Henry Hardinge (1785-1856) Henryhardinge.jpg 23 July 1844 12 January 1848
20 The Marquess of Dalhousie (1812-1860) Dalhousie.jpg 12 January 1848 28 February 1856
21 The Viscount Canning (1812-1862) Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 28 February 1856 1 November 1858
Governors-General and Viceroys of India, 1858-1947
21 The Earl Canning (1812-1862) Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 1 November 1858 21 March 1862 Victoria

Lieutenant-Governors, 1854-1947,Governors of Bengal Province, 1912-1947

Post-independence (1947 onwards)

In 1947, the British Raj came to an end, and the new countries of India and Pakistan were created. Bengal was partitioned into two in anticipation of this in 1947, and following independence West Bengal joined India, and East Bengal (renamed as East Pakistan in 1955) joined Pakistan only to become independent later in 1971 as Bangladesh.

For a continuation of governors of West Bengal, see list of Governors of West Bengal, and for East Bengal, see East Bengal, East Pakistan, and list of Presidents of Bangladesh.

See also

References

  1. ^ Created Marquess Cornwallis in 1792.
  2. ^ Created Marquess Wellesley in 1799.
  3. ^ Created Marquess of Hastings in 1816
  4. ^ Created Earl Amherst in 1826.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Governor_of_Bengal
 



 



 
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