Grand Slam Cup
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Grand Slam Cup
Grand Slam Cup
Defunct tennis tournament
Founded1990
Abolished1999
Editions10
LocationMunich, Germany
VenueOlympiahalle
CategoryGrand Slam Cup
SurfaceCarpet / indoors (1990-97)
Hard / indoors (1998-99)

The Grand Slam Cup was a tennis tournament held annually at the Olympiahalle in Munich, Germany from 1990 through 1999. The event was organized by the International Tennis Federation (ITF), which invited the best-performing players in the year's Grand Slam events to compete in the Grand Slam Cup.

History

The tournament was created in 1990 and was played on indoor carpet courts. From 1990 to 1996, it was held in December but was moved to the middle of autumn from 1997 to 1999. From 1990 to 1997 the tournament was limited to male players. A women's Cup was added in 1998 and was held simultaneously with the men's Cup.

Throughout its existence, the Grand Slam Cup was famous for paying out the highest prize money of any tournament in tennis. The winner for the first three years of the Cup received U.S.$2 million in prize money, which dipped to $1.625 million in 1993, rose to $1.875 million in 1996 and back to $2 million in 1997 before falling to $1.3 million in 1998. If the Cup was won by a player who had also won a Grand Slam event that year they received a bonus of $1 million. Prize money for the winner of the two women's Cups was fixed at $800,000.

The Grand Slam Cup was not recognized by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and participants did not receive points in the ATP computer rankings nor have it credited as an official career title. Following the discontinuation of the Cup in 1999, the ATP decided to give the event retroactive recognition and added it to players' record of official titles. A compromise between the ITF and the ATP was announced on December 9, 1999 which merged the Cup with the ATP Tour World Championship, the ATP's year-end tournament also held annually in Germany, giving birth to the ATP World Tour Finals, an official tour event.

A direct result of the merging of the two competitions can still be seen in the qualification rules for the ATP World Tour Finals, which included one notable difference from those of the prior ATP Tour World Championship. The Tour World Championship was meant to include the top eight players on the ATP computer rankings at the end of a season, even though this could mean the exclusion of a Grand Slam champion who had not been able to earn sufficient ranking points in the rest of the year. Present Finals rules ensure the participation of a Grand Slam champion who is unable to earn a top eight ranking at the end of the season and automatic qualification for the top seven players in the computer rankings. The eighth ranked player, however, qualifies only if all Grand Slam singles champions are among the top eight. Any Grand Slam event champion who is not in the top eight but is still in the top twenty is included to the detriment of the eighth ranked player. This situation occurred at the 2004 Tennis Masters Cup, where Andre Agassi, the 8th ranked player in the ATP Champions Race, was excluded from the event in favor of Gastón Gaudio, who had won that year's French Open but was ranked 10th at the end of the year.

Pete Sampras was the most successful player at this event winning two titles out of three final appearances.

Qualification

Qualification and seeding for the Grand Slam Cup were not related to the ATP computer rankings. Points were allocated to a player based on his Grand Slam performances, and after all four Grand Slam events had concluded the 16 players with the most points – 12 in 1998 and 1999 – qualified for the Cup. Grand Slam champions were not assured of a berth in the event.

ITF's Grand Slam Cup qualification points table
Rounds of Grand Slam events only

Round Points
First Round 2
Second Round 20
Third Round 40
Fourth Round 75
Quarterfinals 150
Semifinals 300
Final 450
Champion 600

Form of play

Matches in the first two rounds of the Cup were the best of three sets while the semifinals and final were the best of five sets. There was no tie-break if a match went over the full distance.

Finals

Men

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1990 United States Pete Sampras United States Brad Gilbert 6-3, 6-4, 6-2
1991 United States David Wheaton United States Michael Chang 7-5, 6-2, 6-4
1992 Germany Michael Stich United States Michael Chang 6-2, 6-3, 6-2
1993 Czech Republic Petr Korda Germany Michael Stich 2-6, 6-4, 7-6(7-5), 2-6, 11-9
1994 Sweden Magnus Larsson United States Pete Sampras 7-6(8-6), 4-6, 7-6(7-5), 6-4
1995 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? United States Todd Martin 7-6(7-4), 6-3, 6-4
1996 Germany Boris Becker Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 6-3, 6-4, 6-4
1997 United States Pete Sampras Australia Patrick Rafter 6-2, 6-4, 7-5
1998 Chile Marcelo Ríos United States Andre Agassi 6-4, 2-6, 7-6(7-1), 5-7, 6-3
1999 United Kingdom Greg Rusedski Germany Tommy Haas 6-3, 6-4, 6-7(5-7), 7-6(7-5)

Women

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1998 United States Venus Williams Switzerland Patty Schnyder 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
1999 United States Serena Williams United States Venus Williams 6–1, 3–6, 6–3

Draws

1990

Date:[1] December 11 - December 16

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 Sweden Stefan Edberg 4 6 5
  United States Michael Chang 6 4 7   United States Michael Chang 77 6  
Alt France Henri Leconte 6 6   Alt France Henri Leconte 633  
7 Austria Thomas Muster 3 4     United States Michael Chang 3 4 4    
4 United States Pete Sampras 5 6 7 4 United States Pete Sampras 6 6 6    
  Soviet Union Andrei Cherkasov 7 2 5 4 United States Pete Sampras 77 658
Alt United States Kevin Curren 6367  5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Goran Ivani?evi? 6277 6
5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Goran Ivani?evi? 77 79   4 United States Pete Sampras 6 6 6    
6 Sweden Jonas Svensson 6 3 4 Alt United States Brad Gilbert 3 4 2    
Alt United States Brad Gilbert 2 6 6   United States Aaron Krickstein 77 4 3
  United States Aaron Krickstein 6 6   Alt United States Brad Gilbert 656 6
3 Ecuador Andrés Gómez 3 4   Alt United States Brad Gilbert 6 3 79 2 6
8 United States David Wheaton 77 656 8 United States David Wheaton 3 6 676 4
  France Yannick Noah 6277 3 8 United States David Wheaton 6 77  
Alt Sweden Christian Bergström 4 0   2 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 2 64 
2 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6 6  

1991

Date:[2] December 10 - December 15

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Alt Australia Todd Woodbridge 6 6  
Alt United States Aaron Krickstein 3 3   Alt Australia Todd Woodbridge 4 66 
  Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 6 2 3 7 United States David Wheaton 6 78  
7 United States David Wheaton 1 6 6 7 United States David Wheaton 78 78 77    
3 Germany Michael Stich 6 6   3 Germany Michael Stich 666663   
  Croatia Goran Prpi? 4 3   3 Germany Michael Stich 710 6  
  Peru Jaime Yzaga 3 3   5 France Guy Forget 684  
5 France Guy Forget 6 6   7 United States David Wheaton 7 6 6    
6 United States Jimmy Connors 6 4 4   United States Michael Chang 5 2 4    
  Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 0 6 6   Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 673  
Alt Italy Cristiano Caratti 4 1   4 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 79 6  
4 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6 6   4 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6 6 4 657
8 United States Patrick McEnroe 4 6 6   United States Michael Chang 2 4 6 77 9
  France Thierry Champion 6 1 4 8 United States Patrick McEnroe 2 4  
  United States Michael Chang 6 6     United States Michael Chang 6 6  
2 United States Jim Courier 4 2  

1992

Date:[3] December 8 - December 13

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 Sweden Stefan Edberg 6477 6
  Germany Michael Stich 77 648   Germany Michael Stich 77 7  
Alt Spain Emilio Sánchez 3 2   8 Netherlands Richard Krajicek 645  
8 Netherlands Richard Krajicek 6 6     Germany Michael Stich 77 77 3 77  
3 United States Pete Sampras 6 6   4 United States Pete Sampras 63656 62 
  Commonwealth of Independent States Alexander Volkov 3 4   3 United States Pete Sampras 77 6  
  France Henri Leconte 3 6 6   France Henri Leconte 634  
5 South Africa Wayne Ferreira 6 3 0   Germany Michael Stich 6 6 6    
6 United States John McEnroe 6 6     United States Michael Chang 2 3 2    
Alt Sweden Nicklas Kulti 1 4   6 United States John McEnroe 6 4 2
  France Guy Forget 5 4   4 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 3 6 6
4 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 7 6   4 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 77 2 4 6 3
7 Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 2 7 6   United States Michael Chang 636 6 3 6
Alt Australia Wally Masur 6 5 4 7 Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 3 4  
  United States Michael Chang 6 6     United States Michael Chang 6 6  
2 United States Andre Agassi 4 2  

1993

Date:[4] December 7 - December 12

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 United States Pete Sampras 6 6  
  Austria Thomas Muster 3 1   1 United States Pete Sampras 79 6  
  United States Michael Chang 6 4 7   United States Michael Chang 673  
8 Australia Wally Masur 2 6 5 1 United States Pete Sampras 6 636 61011
3 Spain Sergi Bruguera 6 6     Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 3 77 3 712 13
  Sweden Magnus Larsson 3 4   3 Spain Sergi Bruguera 6 0 4
  Czech Republic Petr Korda 6 6     Czech Republic Petr Korda 4 6 6
8 Russia Alexander Volkov 2 3     Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 2 6 77 2 11
5 Germany Michael Stich 6 6   5 Germany Michael Stich 6 4 656 9
Alt United States MaliVai Washington 3 1   5 Germany Michael Stich 5 6 6
Alt New Zealand Brett Steven 6 79   Alt New Zealand Brett Steven 7 4 4
4 France Cédric Pioline 4 67  5 Germany Michael Stich 2 3 6 6 6
7 Germany Boris Becker 5 4   2 Sweden Stefan Edberg 6 6 3 3 1
  South Africa Wayne Ferreira 7 6     South Africa Wayne Ferreira 77 1 0
Alt United States Todd Martin 3 2     Sweden Stefan Edberg 656 6
2 Sweden Stefan Edberg 6 6  

1994

Date:[5] December 6 - December 11

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 United States Pete Sampras 6 6  
Alt Peru Jaime Yzaga 2 4   1 United States Pete Sampras 6 6  
  Spain Alberto Berasategui 1 5   8 United States Michael Chang 4 3  
8 United States Michael Chang 6 7   1 United States Pete Sampras 5 6 6 6510
3 Germany Boris Becker 5 6 6 6 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 7 3 4 77 8
  South Africa Wayne Ferreira 7 4 3 3 Germany Boris Becker 4 1  
  Sweden Jonas Björkman 4 2   6 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 6 6  
6 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 6 6   1 United States Pete Sampras 666 654  
5 United States Todd Martin 77 6     Sweden Magnus Larsson 78 4 77 6  
  Czech Republic Karel Nová?ek 654   5 United States Todd Martin 6 77  
Alt Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 7 4 0 4 Spain Sergi Bruguera 4 65 
4 Spain Sergi Bruguera 5 6 6 5 United States Todd Martin 4 1 1    
7 Sweden Stefan Edberg 4 79 6   Sweden Magnus Larsson 6 6 6    
  Sweden Magnus Larsson 6 678   Sweden Magnus Larsson 6 1 6
  Austria Thomas Muster 3 5   2 United States Andre Agassi 3 6 0
2 United States Andre Agassi 6 7  

1995

Date:[6] December 5 - December 10

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 United States Pete Sampras 6 77  
  United States Patrick McEnroe 1 61  1 United States Pete Sampras      
  Czech Republic Petr Korda 633   8 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? w/o    
8 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 77 6   8 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 79 4 6 6  
4 United States Michael Chang 6103   6 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 676 3 4  
  Netherlands Jacco Eltingh 712 6     Netherlands Jacco Eltingh 6 3 2
  Italy Renzo Furlan 4 1   6 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 3 6 6
6 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6 6   8 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 77 6 6    
5 Austria Thomas Muster 636 1 9 United States Todd Martin 643 4    
Alt Zimbabwe Byron Black 77 2 6 Alt Zimbabwe Byron Black 611  
Alt France Cédric Pioline 1 77 7 3 Germany Boris Becker 77 6  
3 Germany Boris Becker 6 629 3 Germany Boris Becker 7 3 4 64 
10 Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 6 710   9 United States Todd Martin 5 6 6 77  
  United States Aaron Krickstein 2 68  10 Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 3 6 0r
  Spain Sergi Bruguera 624   9 United States Todd Martin 6 3 4
9 United States Todd Martin 77 6  

1996

Date:[7] December 3 - December 8

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
11 Germany Michael Stich 3 3  
Alt United Kingdom Tim Henman 6 6   Alt United Kingdom Tim Henman 77 6  
  United States MaliVai Washington 6 6     United States MaliVai Washington 633  
7 Netherlands Richard Krajicek 1 2   Alt United Kingdom Tim Henman 623 1    
4 Germany Boris Becker 6 6   4 Germany Boris Becker 77 6 6    
  Australia Jason Stoltenberg 3 2   4 Germany Boris Becker 6 6  
Alt Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 2 6 6 Alt Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 4 1  
10 France Cédric Pioline 6 3 4 4 Germany Boris Becker 6 6 6    
9 Switzerland Marc Rosset 5 2   2 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 3 4 4    
  United States Jim Courier 7 6     United States Jim Courier 6 4 6
Alt Spain Àlex Corretja 4 63  3 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 2 6 8
3 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6 77   3 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 78 6 3 2 4
8 United States Andre Agassi 3 4   2 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 662 6 6 6
  Australia Mark Woodforde 6 6     Australia Mark Woodforde 4 4  
  Sweden Mikael Tillström 4 2   2 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 6 6  
2 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 6 6  

1997

Date:[8] September 23 - September 28

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 United States Pete Sampras 6 3 6
  Spain Félix Mantilla 4 6 2 1 United States Pete Sampras 78 6  
WC Germany Boris Becker 3 2   8 Sweden Jonas Björkman 664  
8 Sweden Jonas Björkman 6 6   1 United States Pete Sampras 3 77 77 6  
4 United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 4 6 7 4 United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 61642  
  Australia Todd Woodbridge 6 1 5 4 United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 656 6
  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6 6     Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 77 3 1
5 Spain Sergi Bruguera 4 3   1 United States Pete Sampras 6 6 7    
6 France Cédric Pioline 77 2   2 Australia Patrick Rafter 2 4 5    
  Belgium Filip Dewulf 642r 6 France Cédric Pioline 5 3  
  Czech Republic Petr Korda 6 5     Czech Republic Petr Korda 7 6  
3 Brazil Gustavo Kuerten 3 3r   Czech Republic Petr Korda 5 6 77 647
7 Chile Marcelo Ríos 626 6 2 Australia Patrick Rafter 7 2 6477 9
Alt Australia Mark Woodforde 77 3 1 7 Chile Marcelo Ríos 1 60 
  Austria Thomas Muster 2 3   2 Australia Patrick Rafter 6 77  
2 Australia Patrick Rafter 6 6  

1998

Date:[9][10] September 29 - October 3

Men

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 Czech Republic Petr Korda 6 0 1
  France Cédric Pioline 0 0   WC United States Andre Agassi 4 6 6
WC United States Andre Agassi 6 6   WC United States Andre Agassi 77 652 7 6
  Slovakia Karol Ku?era 6177 6 5 0
4 Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 7 4 6
  Slovakia Karol Ku?era 6 6     Slovakia Karol Ku?era 5 6 8
Alt Morocco Hicham Arazi 4 4   WC United States Andre Agassi 4 6 617 3
  United Kingdom Tim Henman 5 3   2 Chile Marcelo Ríos 6 2 77 5 6
Alt Sweden Jonas Björkman 7 6   Alt Sweden Jonas Björkman 6 611
3 Australia Mark Philippoussis 4 77 6
3 Australia Mark Philippoussis 643 4    
Alt France Nicolas Escudé 3 3   2 Chile Marcelo Ríos 77 6 6    
Alt Spain Félix Mantilla 6 6   Alt Spain Félix Mantilla 625  
2 Chile Marcelo Ríos 77 7  

Women

Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
               
1 Switzerland Martina Hingis 6 7  
  Spain Conchita Martínez 2 5  
1 Switzerland Martina Hingis 7 5 5r
Alt Switzerland Patty Schnyder 5 7 5
Alt Switzerland Patty Schnyder 2 7 7
3 Czech Republic Jana Novotná 6 5 5
Alt Switzerland Patty Schnyder 2 6 2
  United States Venus Williams 6 3 6
4 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 3 2  
  United States Venus Williams 6 6  
  United States Venus Williams 6 6  
  France Nathalie Tauziat 4 0  
  France Nathalie Tauziat 4 6 7
2 United States Lindsay Davenport 6 1 5

1999

Date:[11][12] September 27 - October 4

Men

First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
1 United States Andre Agassi 0 77 4
Alt Slovakia Dominik Hrbatý 3 2     Germany Tommy Haas 6 626
  Germany Tommy Haas 6 6     Germany Tommy Haas 6 6 646  
4 Sweden Thomas Enqvist 3 4 77 4  
4 Sweden Thomas Enqvist 6 6  
Alt Brazil Fernando Meligeni 2 6 14   Ecuador Nicolás Lapentti 3 2  
  Ecuador Nicolás Lapentti 6 4 16   Germany Tommy Haas 3 4 77 65 
Alt United States Vince Spadea 2 5   Alt United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 6 6577  
Alt Netherlands Richard Krajicek 6 7   Alt Netherlands Richard Krajicek 654  
3 Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 77 6  
3 Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 3 6 615  
  Brazil Gustavo Kuerten 3 6 3 Alt United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 3 77 7  
Alt United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 3 6 Alt United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 7 78  
2 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 5 66 

Women

Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
               
1 Switzerland Martina Hingis 77 6  
  France Amélie Mauresmo 612  
1 Switzerland Martina Hingis 2 78 7
4 United States Venus Williams 6 669
4 United States Venus Williams 6 6  
Alt Austria Barbara Schett 3 4  
4 United States Venus Williams 1 6 3
3 United States Serena Williams 6 3 6
  Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 3 1  
3 United States Serena Williams 6 6  
3 United States Serena Williams 6 6  
2 United States Lindsay Davenport 3 4  
Alt France Mary Pierce 6 2 4
2 United States Lindsay Davenport 3 6 6

References

  1. ^ "1990 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  2. ^ "1991 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  3. ^ "1992 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  4. ^ "1993 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  5. ^ "1994 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  6. ^ "1995 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  7. ^ "1996 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  8. ^ "1997 Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  9. ^ "1998 Men's Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  10. ^ "1998 Women's Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  11. ^ "1999 Men's Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).
  12. ^ "1999 Women's Grand Slam Cup". www.itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation (ITF).

External links


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