Greek Military Ranks
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Greek Military Ranks

Modern Greek military ranks are based on Ancient Greek and Byzantine terminology.

In the army and air force, these names are often based on the unit or post that a holder of each rank usual commands. For example, a tagmatarchis is in charge of a tagma, which is derived from an Ancient Greek word translatable as "command", "order", or "class", and in modern Greek is a unit equivalent to a battalion in other armies; hence a modern tagmatarchis is a rank equivalent to major in other armies. Similarly, a lochagos normally commands a lochos (a word that originally meant "warband") , which in Ancient Greece was a 100-strong hoplite unit, but in modern Greek usage is equivalent to an infantry company. Hence a lochagos is the equivalent of a captain in other armies, and the modern Greek equivalent of an army first lieutenant is the modern neologism ypolochagos: literally, "sub-captain". Likewise, the modern Greek equivalent of a sergeant is a lochias.

The suffixes -agos and -archos (or -arches), which are often found in Greek rank names, are derived from the roots agein "to lead" and archein "to rule", respectively.

Air Force

The Hellenic Air Force, is the youngest of the three services (founded in 1930). Its rank structure and insignia are based on the British Royal Air Force.

Officer ranks

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Hellenic Air Force
No equivalent Hellenic Air Force OF-9.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-8.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-7.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-6.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-5.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-4.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-3.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-2.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1A.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1B.svg No equivalent
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant
? ?
Transliteration Pterarchos Antipterarchos Ypopterarchos Taxiarchos Sminarchos Antisminarchos Episminagos Sminagos Yposminagos Anthyposminagos

NCO and other ranks

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Hellenic Air Force
GR-Air Force-?.svg GR-Air Force-? .svg GR-Air Force- ?.svg GR-Air Force-? ?.svg GR-Air Force-? ?.svg GR-Air Force-? ?.svg GR-Air Force-? ?.svg No equivalent GR-Air Force-? ?.svg No equivalent
GR-Air Force- ?.svg
()
(SMY)
(-?-)
(MEE-EPOP-EMTh)
()
(SMY)
(?-)
(EPOP-EMTh)
()
(SMY)
(?-)
(EPOP-EMTh)
(?)
(EPOP)
(?)
(EPOP)
Warrant Officer
?[note 1]
Chief Master Sergeant
Master Sergeant
?
Staff Sergeant
?
Corporal
?
Aircraftman
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archisminias Episminias Sminias Yposminias Sminitis
Greece Greece
(Conscripts)
No equivalent
GR-Air Force- ?.svg No equivalent
No insignia
Conscript Sergeant
?
Conscript Aircraftman
Transliteration Klirotos Sminias Sminitis

Army

Officer ranks

NCO and other ranks

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Hellenic Army
Army-GRE-OR-09a.svg Army-GRE-OR-08.svg Army-GRE-OR-08b.svg Army-GRE-OR-07.svg Army-GRE-OR-07b.svg Army-GRE-OR-06a.svg Army-GRE-OR-06b.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-OR-04a.svg Army-GRE-OR-04b.svg Army-GRE-OR-03a.svg No equivalent Arm/corps insignia only
Warrant Officer Master sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
?[note 2] ? ?
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archilochias Epilochias Lochias Dekaneas Ypodekaneas Stratiotis
 Greece
(Conscripts)
GR-Army-OFD.svg No equivalent
Army-GRE-OR-06c.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-OR-04c.svg GR-Army-.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-.svg No insignia
Officer Designate
? ?
Sergeant
Corporal
Lance Corporal
Candidate Reservist Rank
? ?
Private
?
Transliteration Dokimos Efedros Axiomatikos[note 2] Lochias Dekaneas Ypodekaneas Ypopsifios Efedros Bathmoforos Stratiotis

Navy

Officer ranks

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Hellenic Navy
No equivalent GR-Navy-OF9.svgGR-Navy-OF9-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF8.svgGR-Navy-OF8-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF7.svgGR-Navy-OF7-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF6.svgGR-Navy-OF6-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF5-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF4-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF3-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF2-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF1b-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF1-sleeve.svg GR-Navy--sleeve.svg No equivalent
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Ensign Officer Designate
? ?
Transliteration Navarchos Antinavarchos Yponavarchos Archiploiarchos Ploiarchos Antiploiarchos Plotarchis Ypoploiarchos Anthypoploiarchos Simaioforos Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos

NCO and other ranks

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Hellenic Navy
GR-Navy-?.svgGR-Navy-?-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-? ?.svg GR-Navy-? .svg GR-Navy-? .svg GR-Navy- .svg GR-Navy-? .svg GR-Navy- .svg GR-Navy- ?.svg No equivalent GR-Navy- ?.svg
male
GR-Navy- ?-female.svg
female
No equivalent
GR-Navy- ?.svg
male
GR-Navy- ?-female.svg
female
Warrant Officer Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Leading Seaman Seaman
?[note 3] ?
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archikelefstis Epikelefstis Kelefstis Diopos Naftis
Greece Greece
(Conscripts)
GR-Navy-.svgGR-Navy--sleeve.svg No equivalent
GR-Navy-.svg No equivalent GR-Navy-.svg No equivalent
GR-Navy-.svg
Officer Designate
Conscript Petty Officer
Conscript Leading Seaman
Conscript Seaman
Transliteration Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos Kelefstis Diopos Naftis

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Greek Warrant Officer is included in OR-9, however he is afforded the privileges of an officer, see STANAG 2116 REV6 note 30.
  2. ^ a b Greece has only one level of Warrant Officer. According to the current issue (2010) of STANAG 2116, the Greek Warrant Officers are included in OR-9, however they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 30.
  3. ^ Greece has only one level of warrant officer. According to the current issue (2010) of STANAG 2116, the Greek warrant officers are included in OR-9; however, they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 16.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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