|Greenwich and Woolwich|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Greenwich and Woolwich in Greater London.
|Electorate||77,190 (June 2017) |
|Major settlements||Greenwich, Woolwich and Charlton|
|Member of parliament||Matthew Pennycook (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Greenwich, Woolwich|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
The seat while dominated in the south by expansive and panoramic Greenwich Park retains constituent connections to work at the former Royal Docks by and Gas Works in North Greenwich[n 4] and has a considerable social dependency in its Greenwich and Woolwich town centres, including in social housing, heightened by an acute demand for housing, particularly in the western half, SE10 due to architecturally-rich conservation areas and very close proximity to Canary Wharf and City of London.
The constituency was created for the 1997 general election by the merger of the former Greenwich constituency, and the western half of the former Woolwich constituency. It has been controlled by the Labour Party since its creation, where they received their highest share of the vote in 1997; with 44.8%. Thirteen years later, the 2010 general election produced the smallest vote share of 24.7%.
The 2015 general election result was the 105th-safest Labour majority of 232 seats won by Labour at that election.
Reflecting a demographic split in the latter twentieth century were five and eleven-year periods when the two predecessor seats were represented by candidates from the SDP.
The former Greenwich constituency was a secure Labour Party seat for much of the twentieth century, though it had been a safe Liberal seat throughout most of the nineteenth century. In 1987, it was gained by the Social Democratic Party at a by-election and narrowly regained by Labour five years later at the 1992 general election.
The former Woolwich constituency (and its predecessor Woolwich East) was a similar safe-Liberal-seat-turned-safe-Labour-seat. Its Labour MP Christopher Mayhew defected to the Liberal Party in 1974 before being defeated, and his Labour successor, John Cartwright, defected to the SDP in 1981. He retained the seat at the 1983 and 1987 general elections, but narrowly lost it to Labour in 1992; in a similar fashion to the neighbouring Greenwich seat. In council elections, since the seat's 1997 creation, most wards have tended to elect Labour councillors and few wards other than the Blackheath Westcombe ward have tended to elect Conservative councillors.
Including the pre-1997 predecessors, the area has since World War II been a Labour safe seat, or, as indicated in the 1987 result for Greenwich only, in the best result for a Conservative candidate locally during the years since 1955, occasionally a marginal.[n 5]
1997-2010: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Arsenal, Blackheath, Burrage, Charlton, Ferrier, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Nightingale, Rectory Field, St Alfege, St Mary's, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, West, and Woolwich Common.
2010-present: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath Westcombe, Charlton, Glyndon, Greenwich West, Peninsula, Woolwich Common, and Woolwich Riverside.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that part of Woolwich Common ward be transferred to Greenwich and Woolwich from the constituency of Eltham; that parts of Glyndon ward be transferred from Eltham and Erith and Thamesmead; and that parts of Kidbrooke with Hornfair ward, Eltham West ward, and Middle Park and Sutcliffe ward be transferred from Greenwich and Woolwich to Eltham.
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Adams||3,785||7.1||+1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Holder||2,645||5.7||-12.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Joseph Lee||7,498||18.5||-1.5|
|English Democrat||Raden Wresniwiro||339||0.8||-2.6|
|No label||Tammy Alingham||61||0.2||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Le Breton||7,381||20.7||+5.1|
|English Democrat||Garry Bushell||1,216||3.4||+3.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Russell Pyne||5,082||15.6||+3.1|
|Socialist Alliance||Kirstie Paton||481||1.5||+1.5|
|Socialist Labour||Margaret Sharkey||352||1.1||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Cherry Luxton||5,049||12.5||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
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