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In English and related languages, several terms involving the words "great" or "gross" (possibly, from French: grosse thick) relate to numbers involving a multiple of exponents of twelve (dozen):
A gross refers to a group of 144 items (a dozen dozen or a square dozen, 122).
A great gross refers to a group of 1728 items (a dozen gross or a cubic dozen, 123).
A small gross or a great hundred refers to a group of 120 items (ten dozen, 10×12).
The term dates from the early 15th century, from the Old French grosse douzaine, "large dozen". A gross may be abbreviated as "gr" or "gro".
The continued use of these numbers in measurement and counting represents a continuation of the tradition of the duodecimal number system in everyday life and has encouraged groups such as the Dozenal Society of America to advocate for a wider use of such a numbering system in place of decimal.