Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats For Europe
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Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats For Europe
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
European Parliament group
ALDE logo.svg
NameAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
English abbr.ALDE
French abbr.ADLE
Formal nameGroup of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Conservative liberalism[2]
Social liberalism[2]
Political positionCentre
European partiesAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
European Democratic Party
Associated organisationsAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Liberal International
From20 July 2004[3]
ToJune 2019
Preceded byEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group
Succeeded byRenew Europe

The Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE Group) was the liberal-centrist[4][5]political group of the European Parliament from 2004 until 2019. It was made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

The ALDE Group traced its unofficial origin back to September 1952 and the first meeting of the Parliament's predecessor, the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. Founded as an explicitly liberal group, it expanded its remit to cover the different traditions of each new Member State as they acceded to the Union, progressively changing its name in the process. Its immediate predecessor was the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group (ELDR).

The ALDE Group was the fourth-largest group in the Eighth European Parliament term, and previously participated in the Grand Coalition (the coalition designed to provide a majority) during the Sixth Parliament (2004-2009). The pro-European platform of ALDE was in support of free market economics and pushed for European integration and the European single market.[6]

On 12 June 2019 it was announced that the successor group in alliance with La République En Marche! would be named Renew Europe.[7][8]


The ALDE Group traced its unofficial ancestry back to the Liberal members present at the first meeting of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (the Parliament's predecessor) on 10 September 1952,[9] but the Group was officially founded as the Group of Liberals and Allies[3] on 23 June 1953.[3]

As the Assembly grew into the Parliament, the French Gaullists split from the Group on 21 January 1965[10] and the Group started the process of changing its name to match the liberal/centrist traditions of the new member states, firstly to the Liberal and Democratic Group[3][11] in 1976,[3] then to the Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group[12] on 13 December 1985,[3] then to the Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party[3][11][13] on 19 July 1994[3] to match the European political party of the same name.

In 1999, the Group partnered with European People's Party-European Democrats (EPP-ED) group to form the Grand Coalition for the Fifth Parliament. The customary split of the Presidency of the European Parliament between Groups in the Coalition meant that the Group achieved its first President of the European Parliament on 15 January 2002, when Pat Cox was elected to the post to serve the latter half of the five-year term. The Group lost its Grand Coalition status after the 2004 elections.

On 13 July 2004, the Group approved a recommendation to unite with MEPs from the centrist political party at the European level called the European Democratic Party (EDP) founded by François Bayrou's Union for French Democracy, the Labour Party of Lithuania and Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy of Italy.

The Group accordingly became the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[3] (ALDE) on 20 July 2004,[3] to match the eponymous transnational political alliance, although the two European-level parties remained separate outside the European Parliament. The MEP Graham Watson of the British Liberal Democrats became the first chair of ALDE.

In May 2019, speaking at a debate leading up to the 2019 European Parliament election, ALDE President Guy Verhofstadt announced that following the election, the group intended to dissolve and form a new, centrist alliance with Emmanuel Macron's "Renaissance" list.[14]


The ALDE has MEPs from 20 countries, including 14 with more than one MEP (in yellow) and six with one MEP each (light yellow).

Membership by party in Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Parliaments

The national parties that are members of ALDE are as follows:


National party

National party in national language

European party



 Austria NEOS - The New Austria and Liberal Forum Neos - Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum ALDE
 Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats Dutch: Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten ALDE
Reformist Movement French: Mouvement Réformateur ALDE
 Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress ? ? ?
(Nacionalno Dvi?enie za Stabilnost i V?zhod)
Movement for Rights and Freedoms ? ?
(Dvizhenie za Prava i Svobodi)
 Croatia Civic Liberal Alliance Gra?ansko-liberalni savez ALDE - -
Istrian Democratic Assembly Istarski demokratski sabor - Dieta democratica istriana ALDE - -
 Cyprus Democratic Party Greek:
(Dimokratikó Kómma)
Turkish: Demokrat Parti
ALDE [b]
- -
 Czech Republic ANO 2011 ANO 2011 ALDE - -
Petr Je?ek and Pavel Teli?ka (Independent)[c] - - - -
 Denmark Venstre - Denmark's Liberal Party Venstre - Danmarks Liberale Parti ALDE
Danish Social Liberal Party Det Radikale Venstre ALDE
 Estonia Estonian Centre Party Eesti Keskerakond ALDE
Estonian Reform Party Eesti Reformierakond ALDE
 Finland Centre Party Finnish: Suomen Keskusta
Swedish: Centern i Finland
Swedish People's Party Finnish: Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
Swedish: Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland
 France Democratic Movement Mouvement Démocrate EDP
Cap21 Citoyenneté Action Participation Pour le XXIe Siècle None -
Civic Alliance for Democracy in Europe Alliance Citoyenne pour la Démocratie en Europe ALDE
- -
Génération citoyens - none - -

Radical Movement Mouvement radical ALDE - -
Union of Democrats and Independents Union des démocrates et indépendants EDP (2014-2016)

ALDE (2016-2019)

- -
 Germany Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei ALDE
Free Voters Freie Wähler EDP - -
 Greece Drassi
none -
 Hungary Alliance of Free Democrats Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége - A Magyar Liberális Párt ALDE
- -
Hungarian Liberal Party Magyar Liberális Párt - Liberálisok - - -
Momentum Movement Momentum Mozgalom - - -
 Ireland Fianna Fáil - ALDE [f]
- [g]
Marian Harkin (Independent) - EDP
 Italy Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy (note: merged into PD in 2007) Democrazia è Libertà - La Margherita EDP
- -
Italy of Values Italia dei Valori ALDE
Alliance for Italy Alleanza per l'Italia EDP
Italian Radicals Radicali Italiani ALDE
- -
 Latvia Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way Latvijas Pirm? Partija / Latvijas Ce ALDE
Union of Greens and Farmers Za?o un Zemnieku savien?ba EGP (LZP) - -
 Lithuania Labour Party Darbo Partija ALDE
Liberal and Centre Union Liberal? ir Centro S?junga ALDE
- -
Liberal Movement Liberal? Sadis ALDE -
 Luxembourg Democratic Party Luxembourgish: Demokratesch Partei
French: Parti Démocratique
German: Demokratische Partei
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Volkspartij Voor Vrijheid en Democratie ALDE
Democrats 66 Democraten 66 ALDE
 Poland Democratic Party - Partia Demokratyczna - ALDE
- -
Pawe? Piskorski (Independent) - none
- -
Marek Czarnecki (Independent) - none
- -
 Portugal Liberal Initiative Iniciativa Liberal ALDE - - -
Democratic Republican Party Partido Democrático Republicano EDP - -
 Romania National Liberal Party Partidul Na?ional Liberal ALDE[i]
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (formerly PNL and Independent ) Alian?a Liberalilor ?i Democra?ilor ALDE - -
Renate Weber (formerly PNL) - ALDE[i] - -
Mircea Diaconu (Independent) - ALDE - -
 Slovakia People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia ?udová Strana - Hnutie Za Demokratické Slovensko EDP -
 Slovenia Liberal Democracy of Slovenia Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije ALDE
Zares - Social Liberals Zares - Socialno-Liberalni ALDE -
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia Demokrati?na stranka upokojencev Slovenije EDP - -
List of Marjan Sarec Lista Marjana ?arca, LM? ALDE - - -
 Spain Citizens Spanish: Ciudadanos - Partido de la Ciudadanía ALDE - -
Basque Nationalist Party Basque: Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea EDP
Union, Progress and Democracy Spanish: Unión, Progreso y Democracia ALDE[j] - -
Catalan European Democratic Party Catalan: Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català [none]
Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea and María Teresa Gimenez Barbat (Independent)[k] - ALDE - -
Enrique Calvet Chambon (Independent)[l] - - - -
 Sweden Liberals Liberalerna ALDE
Centre Party Centerpartiet ALDE
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats Welsh: Democratiaid Rhyddfrydol ALDE
Total ALDE Party 70 74 56
Total EDP 26 10 8
Total Other 4 1 4
Total 100 85 68
  1. ^ Gérard Deprez as EDP individual member
  2. ^ The Democratic Party left the ALDE for S&D in 2009.
  3. ^ They were elected as ANO 2011
  4. ^ Jens Rhode was originally also elected for Ventre, but left to join Danish Social Liberal Party in December 2015.
  5. ^ 4 MoDem MEPs were elected in 2014
  6. ^ Fianna Fáil was then a member of Union for Europe of the Nations.
  7. ^ The sole Fianna Fáil member sat with the European Conservatives and Reformists.
  8. ^ EDP member until 2012
  9. ^ a b Following the 2014 European Parliament election, the National Liberal Party (PNL) left ALDE to join the European People's Party. Reelected MEPs Norica Nicolai and Renate Weber rejoined the ALDE group later and were subsequently expelled from their party.
  10. ^ Maïte Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz as individual member
  11. ^ Elected as Union, Progress and Democracy
  12. ^ Elected as Union, Progress and Democracy

Membership at formation

In September 1952, the third-largest grouping in the Common Assembly was the Liberal grouping with 11 members.[15] The Group of Liberals and Allies was officially founded on 23 June 1953.[3] By mid-September 1953, it was again the third-largest Group with 10 members.[16]



ALDE was a coalition of liberal and centrist MEPs. It did not have formal subgroups, although the MEPs fell naturally into two informal subgroups, depending on whether they associated with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party or the European Democratic Party.


The Bureau was the main decision making body of the ALDE Group and is composed of the leaders of the delegations from each member state that elects ALDE MEPs.[17] The Bureau oversaw the ALDE Group's main strategy and policies and was headed by a chair (referred to as the Leader). The day-to-day running of the Group was performed by its secretariat, led by its Secretary-General.

The senior staff of ALDE as of July 2012 were as follows:[17]



Guy Verhofstadt President Belgium
Sophia in 't Veld Vice-President Netherlands
Pavel Teli?ka Vice-President Czech Republic
Maite Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz Vice-President Spain
Andrus Ansip Vice-President Estonia
Filiz Hyusmenova Vice-President Bulgaria
Marielle de Sarnez Vice-President France
Izaskun Bilbao Barandica Vice-President Spain
Norica Nicolai Vice-President Romania
Petras Au?trevi?ius Member Lithuania
Catherine Bearder Member United Kingdom
Philippe De Backer Member Belgium
Mircea Diaconu Member Romania
José Inácio Faria Member Portugal
Fredrick Federley Member Sweden
Charles Goerens Member Luxembourg
Marian Harkin Member Ireland
Ivan Jakov?i? Member Croatia
Alexander Graf Lambsdorff Member Germany
António Marinho e Pinto Member Portugal
Louis Michel Member Belgium
Angelika Mlinar Member Austria
Ulrike Müller Member Germany
Javier Nart Member Spain
Maite Pagazaurtundúa Member Spain
Morten Helveg Petersen Member Denmark
Jozo Rado? Member Croatia
Olli Rehn Member Finland
Yana Toom Member Estonia
Nils Torvalds Member Finland
Ramon Tremosa i Balcells Member Spain
Ulla Tørnæs Member Denmark
Viktor Uspaskich Member Lithuania
Ivo Vajgl Member Slovenia
Johannes Cornelis van Baalen Member Netherlands
Cecilia Wikström Member Sweden

The chairs of ALDE and its predecessors from 1953 to 2019 are as follows:

Academic analysis

Along with the other political groups, ALDE has been analysed by academics on its positions regarding various issues. In short, it's a group of cohesive, gender-balanced centrist Euroneutrals that cooperate most closely with the EPP, are ambiguous on hypothetical EU taxes and supportive of eventual full Turkish accession to the European Union.


  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b Slomp, Hans (2011-09-26). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "ALDE on Europe Politique". Retrieved .
  4. ^ Andreas Staab (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ Tapio Raunio (2012). "Political Interests: The European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8.
  6. ^ David Phinnemore; Lee McGowan (2013). A Dictionary of the European Union. Routledge. p. 277. ISBN 978-1-135-08127-0. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ Baume, Maïa de La (2019-06-12). "Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe". POLITICO. Retrieved .
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Composition of the Common Assembly (10-13 September 1952)". CVCE. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "UFE on Europe Politique". Retrieved .
  11. ^ a b "Political Groups of the European Parliament". Archived from the original on 2011-05-17. Retrieved .
  12. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Simone Veil (incl. Membership)
  13. ^ "Group names 1999". Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Frenzy in Firenze: 4 takeaways from EU lead candidate debate". Politico. 2019-05-03. Retrieved .
  15. ^ a b "Directorate-General for the Presidency - CARDOC unit and archives - Description of the main holdings and collections" (PDF). Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Position of the political groups in mid-September 1953". CVCE. Retrieved .
  17. ^ a b "ALDE website article "Bureau"". Retrieved .
  18. ^ a b c d e "Archived article 003730_1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-11. from the Archive of European Integration
  19. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Cornelis Berkhouwer (incl. Membership)
  20. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Jean-François Pintat (incl. Membership)
  21. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Martin Bangemann (incl. Membership)
  22. ^ a b c d e f "ALDE Group press release "ALDE Group backs Watson to continue as Leader", dated 29 November 2006". 2006-11-29. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Valery Giscard d'Estaing (incl. Membership)
  24. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Yves Galland (incl. Membership)
  25. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Gijs de Vries (incl. Membership)
  26. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Pat Cox (incl. Membership)
  27. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Graham Watson (incl. Membership)
  28. ^ "ALDE Group in the European Parliament : Guy Verhofstadt elected unopposed as new ALDE group leader". 17 July 2009. Archived from the original on 17 July 2009.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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