|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European Parliament group|
|Name||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Formal name||Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European parties||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party|
European Democratic Party
|Associated organisations||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|From||20 July 2004|
|Preceded by||European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group|
|Succeeded by||Renew Europe|
The Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE Group) was the liberal-centristpolitical group of the European Parliament from 2004 until 2019. It was made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
The ALDE Group traced its unofficial origin back to September 1952 and the first meeting of the Parliament's predecessor, the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. Founded as an explicitly liberal group, it expanded its remit to cover the different traditions of each new Member State as they acceded to the Union, progressively changing its name in the process. Its immediate predecessor was the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group (ELDR).
The ALDE Group was the fourth-largest group in the Eighth European Parliament term, and previously participated in the Grand Coalition (the coalition designed to provide a majority) during the Sixth Parliament (2004-2009). The pro-European platform of ALDE was in support of free market economics and pushed for European integration and the European single market.
The ALDE Group traced its unofficial ancestry back to the Liberal members present at the first meeting of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (the Parliament's predecessor) on 10 September 1952, but the Group was officially founded as the Group of Liberals and Allies on 23 June 1953.
As the Assembly grew into the Parliament, the French Gaullists split from the Group on 21 January 1965 and the Group started the process of changing its name to match the liberal/centrist traditions of the new member states, firstly to the Liberal and Democratic Group in 1976, then to the Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group on 13 December 1985, then to the Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party on 19 July 1994 to match the European political party of the same name.
In 1999, the Group partnered with European People's Party-European Democrats (EPP-ED) group to form the Grand Coalition for the Fifth Parliament. The customary split of the Presidency of the European Parliament between Groups in the Coalition meant that the Group achieved its first President of the European Parliament on 15 January 2002, when Pat Cox was elected to the post to serve the latter half of the five-year term. The Group lost its Grand Coalition status after the 2004 elections.
On 13 July 2004, the Group approved a recommendation to unite with MEPs from the centrist political party at the European level called the European Democratic Party (EDP) founded by François Bayrou's Union for French Democracy, the Labour Party of Lithuania and Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy of Italy.
The Group accordingly became the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) on 20 July 2004, to match the eponymous transnational political alliance, although the two European-level parties remained separate outside the European Parliament. The MEP Graham Watson of the British Liberal Democrats became the first chair of ALDE.
In May 2019, speaking at a debate leading up to the 2019 European Parliament election, ALDE President Guy Verhofstadt announced that following the election, the group intended to dissolve and form a new, centrist alliance with Emmanuel Macron's "Renaissance" list.
The national parties that are members of ALDE are as follows:
National party in national language
|Austria||NEOS - The New Austria and Liberal Forum||Neos - Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum||ALDE||-|
|Belgium||Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats||Dutch: Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten||ALDE|
|Reformist Movement||French: Mouvement Réformateur||ALDE|
|Bulgaria||National Movement for Stability and Progress||? ? ?
(Nacionalno Dvi?enie za Stabilnost i V?zhod)
|Movement for Rights and Freedoms|| ? ?
(Dvizhenie za Prava i Svobodi)
|Croatia||Civic Liberal Alliance||Gra?ansko-liberalni savez||ALDE||-||-|
|Istrian Democratic Assembly||Istarski demokratski sabor - Dieta democratica istriana||ALDE||-||-|
Turkish: Demokrat Parti
|Czech Republic||ANO 2011||ANO 2011||ALDE||-||-|
|Petr Je?ek and Pavel Teli?ka (Independent)[c]||-||-||-||-|
|Denmark||Venstre - Denmark's Liberal Party||Venstre - Danmarks Liberale Parti||ALDE|
|Danish Social Liberal Party||Det Radikale Venstre||ALDE||-|
|Estonia||Estonian Centre Party||Eesti Keskerakond||ALDE|
|Estonian Reform Party||Eesti Reformierakond||ALDE|
|Finland||Centre Party||Finnish: Suomen Keskusta
Swedish: Centern i Finland
|Swedish People's Party||Finnish: Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
Swedish: Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland
|France||Democratic Movement||Mouvement Démocrate||EDP|
|Cap21||Citoyenneté Action Participation Pour le XXIe Siècle||None||-||-|
|Civic Alliance for Democracy in Europe||Alliance Citoyenne pour la Démocratie en Europe||ALDE||-||-|
|Radical Movement||Mouvement radical||ALDE||-||-|
|Union of Democrats and Independents||Union des démocrates et indépendants||EDP (2014-2016)
|Germany||Free Democratic Party||Freie Demokratische Partei||ALDE|
|Free Voters||Freie Wähler||EDP||-||-|
|Hungary||Alliance of Free Democrats||Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége - A Magyar Liberális Párt||ALDE||-||-|
|Hungarian Liberal Party||Magyar Liberális Párt - Liberálisok||-||-||-|
|Momentum Movement||Momentum Mozgalom||-||-||-|
|Ireland||Fianna Fáil||-||ALDE||[f]||- [g]|
|Marian Harkin (Independent)||-||EDP|
|Italy||Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy (note: merged into PD in 2007)||Democrazia è Libertà - La Margherita||EDP||-||-|
|Italy of Values||Italia dei Valori||ALDE||-|
|Alliance for Italy||Alleanza per l'Italia||EDP||-|
|Italian Radicals||Radicali Italiani||ALDE||-||-|
|Latvia||Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way||Latvijas Pirm? Partija / Latvijas Ce||ALDE||-|
|Union of Greens and Farmers||Za?o un Zemnieku savien?ba||EGP (LZP)||-||-|
|Lithuania||Labour Party||Darbo Partija||ALDE||
|Liberal and Centre Union||Liberal? ir Centro S?junga||ALDE||-||-|
|Liberal Movement||Liberal? Sadis||ALDE||-|
|Luxembourg||Democratic Party||Luxembourgish: Demokratesch Partei
French: Parti Démocratique
German: Demokratische Partei
|Netherlands||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||Volkspartij Voor Vrijheid en Democratie||ALDE|
|Democrats 66||Democraten 66||ALDE|
|Poland||Democratic Party - demokraci.pl||Partia Demokratyczna - Demokraci.pl||ALDE||-||-|
|Pawe? Piskorski (Independent)||-||none||-||-|
|Marek Czarnecki (Independent)||-||none||-||-|
|Portugal||Liberal Initiative||Iniciativa Liberal||ALDE||-||-||-|
|Democratic Republican Party||Partido Democrático Republicano||EDP||-||-|
|Romania||National Liberal Party||Partidul Na?ional Liberal||ALDE[i]||-|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (formerly PNL and Independent )||Alian?a Liberalilor ?i Democra?ilor||ALDE||-||-|
|Renate Weber (formerly PNL)||-||ALDE[i]||-||-|
|Mircea Diaconu (Independent)||-||ALDE||-||-|
|Slovakia||People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia||?udová Strana - Hnutie Za Demokratické Slovensko||EDP||-||-|
|Slovenia||Liberal Democracy of Slovenia||Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije||ALDE||-|
|Zares - Social Liberals||Zares - Socialno-Liberalni||ALDE||-||-|
|Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia||Demokrati?na stranka upokojencev Slovenije||EDP||-||-|
|List of Marjan Sarec||Lista Marjana ?arca, LM?||ALDE||-||-||-|
|Spain||Citizens||Spanish: Ciudadanos - Partido de la Ciudadanía||ALDE||-||-|
|Basque Nationalist Party||Basque: Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea||EDP|
|Union, Progress and Democracy||Spanish: Unión, Progreso y Democracia||ALDE[j]||-||-|
|Catalan European Democratic Party||Catalan: Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català||[none]|
|Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea and María Teresa Gimenez Barbat (Independent)[k]||-||ALDE||-||-|
|Enrique Calvet Chambon (Independent)[l]||-||-||-||-|
|United Kingdom||Liberal Democrats||Welsh: Democratiaid Rhyddfrydol||ALDE|
|Total ALDE Party||70||74||56|
In September 1952, the third-largest grouping in the Common Assembly was the Liberal grouping with 11 members. The Group of Liberals and Allies was officially founded on 23 June 1953. By mid-September 1953, it was again the third-largest Group with 10 members.
ALDE was a coalition of liberal and centrist MEPs. It did not have formal subgroups, although the MEPs fell naturally into two informal subgroups, depending on whether they associated with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party or the European Democratic Party.
The Bureau was the main decision making body of the ALDE Group and is composed of the leaders of the delegations from each member state that elects ALDE MEPs. The Bureau oversaw the ALDE Group's main strategy and policies and was headed by a chair (referred to as the Leader). The day-to-day running of the Group was performed by its secretariat, led by its Secretary-General.
The senior staff of ALDE as of July 2012 were as follows:
|Sophia in 't Veld||Vice-President||Netherlands|
|Pavel Teli?ka||Vice-President||Czech Republic|
|Maite Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz||Vice-President||Spain|
|Marielle de Sarnez||Vice-President||France|
|Izaskun Bilbao Barandica||Vice-President||Spain|
|Catherine Bearder||Member||United Kingdom|
|Philippe De Backer||Member||Belgium|
|José Inácio Faria||Member||Portugal|
|Alexander Graf Lambsdorff||Member||Germany|
|António Marinho e Pinto||Member||Portugal|
|Morten Helveg Petersen||Member||Denmark|
|Ramon Tremosa i Balcells||Member||Spain|
|Johannes Cornelis van Baalen||Member||Netherlands|
The chairs of ALDE and its predecessors from 1953 to 2019 are as follows:
|1953||1956||"Delbos" (likely Yvon Delbos)|||
|1957||1968||"Pleven" (René Pleven?)|||
|2 February 1970||15 March 1973||Cornelis Berkhouwer|||
|9 October 1978||16 July 1979||Jean-François Pintat|||
|17 July 1979||27 June 1984||Martin Bangemann|||
|24 July 1984||24 July 1989||Simone Veil|||
|25 July 1989||11 December 1991||Valéry Giscard d'Estaing|||
|27 January 1992||18 July 1994||Yves Galland|||
|19 July 1994||2 August 1998||Gijs de Vries|||
|9 September 1998||14 January 2002||Pat Cox|||
|16 January 2002||31 June 2009||Graham Watson|||
|1 July 2009||present||Guy Verhofstadt|||
Along with the other political groups, ALDE has been analysed by academics on its positions regarding various issues. In short, it's a group of cohesive, gender-balanced centrist Euroneutrals that cooperate most closely with the EPP, are ambiguous on hypothetical EU taxes and supportive of eventual full Turkish accession to the European Union.