|Died||24 March 2013 (aged 87)|
|Alma mater||Leningrad State University|
|Awards||Lomonosov Gold Medal (2004)|
Gury Ivanovich Marchuk (Russian: ; 8 June 1925 - 24 March 2013) was a prominent Soviet and Russian scientist in the fields of computational mathematics, and physics of atmosphere. Academician (since 1968); the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1986-1991. Among his notable prizes are the USSR State Prize (1979), Demidov Prize (2004), Lomonosov Gold Medal (2004).
Marchuk was born in Orenburg Oblast, Russia. A member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1947, Academician Marchuk was elected to the Central Committee of the Party as a candidate member in 1976 and as a full member in 1981. He was elected as deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1979. He was appointed to succeed Vladimir Kirillin as chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology (GKNT) in 1980.
Marchuk was a proponent of the Integrated Long-Term Programme (ILTP) of Cooperation in Science & Technology that was established in 1987 as a scientific cooperative venture between India and the Soviet Union. The programme allowed the scientists of the countries to collaboratively undertake research in areas as diverse as healthcare and lasers. Marchuk co-chaired the programme's Joint Council with Prof. C.N.R. Rao for 25 years and was made an honorary member of India's National Academy of Sciences. In 2002, the Government of India conferred the Padma Bhushan on him.