Gustav Adolf Hohenlohe
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Gustav Adolf Hohenlohe

Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Gustav Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Schillingfürst.jpg
Portrait - Adolfo Müller-Ury (1882-1884).
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed15 July 1878
Term ended30 October 1896
PredecessorCostantino Patrizi Naro
SuccessorVincenzo Vannutelli
Other postsCardinal-Priest of San Lorenzo in Lucina (1895-96)
Orders
OrdinationJanuary 1849
by Luigi Maria Parisio
Consecration22 November 1857
by Pope Pius IX
Created cardinal22 June 1866
by Pope Pius IX
RankCardinal-Priest (1866-79; 1884-96)
Cardinal-Bishop (1879-84)
Personal details
Birth nameGustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Born26 February 1823
Rotenburg an der Fulda, German Confederation
Died30 October 1896(1896-10-30) (aged 73)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
BuriedTeutonic Cemetery
ParentsFranz Joseph von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Caroline Friederike Constanze von Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Previous post
Alma materPontifical Ecclesiastical Academy

Gustav Adolf, Cardinal Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingfürst, (1823-1896) was a member of the Hohenlohe family of Germany, claiming descent from Eberhard, one of the early dukes of Franconia. He became a cardinal of the Catholic Church.

Biography

Hohenlohe was born in Rotenburg an der Fulda, in the Electorate of Hesse, on 26 February 1823, the son of its ruler, Franz Joseph, 5th Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, and Princess Caroline Friederike Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.[1] His father was a Catholic, while his mother was a Lutheran. In the standard compromise of the era, he and his brothers were raised in the faith of their father, while his sisters were raised in that of their mother. His brothers were:

Hohenlohe took Catholic holy orders in 1849 and became in 1857 the titular bishop of Edessa in Mesopotamia and almoner to Pope Pius IX. He was appointed a cardinal in June 1866, with the titular church of Santa Maria in Traspontina.[2]

In 1872, during the Kulturkampf, Otto von Bismarck, Chancellor of the German Empire, appointed Hohenlohe as Ambassador to the Holy See, but his appointment was rejected by Pope Pius IX, possibly as a result of the open opposition he and his brothers had shown to the ultramontane position of that pope. He returned to Rome in 1876 and subsequently gained the favor of Pope Leo XIII, and went on to spend the rest of his ecclesiastical career in Italy. In July 1878 he became the archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. In May 1879 he was named the Cardinal-Bishop of Albano, which office he resigned in December 1883. A year later he was given the title of Cardinal-Priest of the Church of San Callisto, until 1895, when his title was transferred to that of San Lorenzo in Lucina.[3]

Grabstätte des Kurienkardinals Gustav Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst

Hohenlohe died in Rome on 30 October 1896 and was buried in the Teutonic Cemetery, reserved to German nationals serving the institutions of the Church in Rome.[4]

Hohenlohe's period of ownership of the Villa d'Este attracted artists. His portrait was apparently painted by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury (1862-1947) during the two years he spent studying in Italy 1882-1884, and was probably signed "Ad. Muller". Its present whereabouts is unknown.

The American sculptor and Rome resident Moses Jacob Ezekiel, a friend, created a bust of Hohenlohe.[5]

Hohenlohe and Liszt

In October 1861 Hohenlohe was the genius behind the prevention of the marriage of Franz Liszt with Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein in the San Carlo al Corso in Rome. Thus he averted disinheritance of his brother Konstantin, husband of Carolyne's daughter Marie. Nevertheless, he became friendly with Liszt: in April 1865 he conveyed him the tonsure, in July the Minor Orders. Besides he granted Liszt hospitality in his apartments in the Vatican, from April 1865 until June 1866 (his creation as a cardinal).[6][7]

References

  1. ^ ThePeerage.com "Gustav Adolf Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst"
  2. ^ Catholic Hierarchy "Gustav Adolf Cardinal von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst"
  3. ^ Catholic Hierarchy
  4. ^ Vatican City website "Teutonic Cemetery" Archived 2012-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Obituary -- Sir Moses Ezekiel". American Art News. March 31, 1917. p. 4.
  6. ^ Lisztomania: Liszt in Rome
  7. ^ A. Walker: Franz Liszt, The final years, 1861-1886. (p.26v)

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