Gyroelongated Triangular Cupola
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Gyroelongated Triangular Cupola
Gyroelongated triangular cupola
Gyroelongated triangular cupola.png
J21 - J22 - J23
Faces1+3x3+6 triangles
3 squares
1 hexagon
Vertex configuration3(
Symmetry groupC3v
Dual polyhedron-
Johnson solid 22 net.png

In geometry, the gyroelongated triangular cupola is one of the Johnson solids (J22). It can be constructed by attaching a hexagonal antiprism to the base of a triangular cupola (J3). This is called "gyroelongation", which means that an antiprism is joined to the base of a solid, or between the bases of more than one solid.

The gyroelongated triangular cupola can also be seen as a gyroelongated triangular bicupola (J44) with one triangular cupola removed. Like all cupolae, the base polygon has twice as many sides as the top (in this case, the bottom polygon is a hexagon because the top is a triangle).

A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that is composed of regular polygon faces but are not uniform polyhedra (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms, or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.[1]


The following formulae for volume and surface area can be used if all faces are regular, with edge length a:[2]

Dual polyhedron

The dual of the gyroelongated triangular cupola has 15 faces: 6 kites, 3 rhombi, and 6 pentagons.

Dual gyroelongated triangular cupola Net of dual
Dual gyroelongated triangular cupola.png Dual gyroelongated triangular cupola net.png


  1. ^ Johnson, Norman W. (1966), "Convex polyhedra with regular faces", Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 18: 169-200, doi:10.4153/cjm-1966-021-8, MR 0185507, Zbl 0132.14603.
  2. ^ Stephen Wolfram, "Gyroelongated triangular cupola" from Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved July 22, 2010.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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