HaOn
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HaOn
HaOn

Haon 045a.jpg
HaOn is located in Northeast Israel
HaOn
HaOn
HaOn is located in Israel
HaOn
HaOn
Coordinates: 32°43?29.02?N 35°37?18.62?E / 32.7247278°N 35.6218389°E / 32.7247278; 35.6218389Coordinates: 32°43?29.02?N 35°37?18.62?E / 32.7247278°N 35.6218389°E / 32.7247278; 35.6218389
Country Israel
DistrictNorthern
CouncilEmek HaYarden
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1949
Population
(2018)[1]
181

HaOn (Hebrew: ), is a community settlement on the shore of the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel. Located at the foot of the Golan Heights about a twenty-minute drive from the city of Tiberias, it is part of Emek HaYarden Regional Council. HaOn formerly operated as a kibbutz belonging to the United Kibbutz Movement. In 2018 it had a population of 181.[1]

History

The community was established in August 1949 as Nahal outpost near Ein Gev and moved to the permanent location on the site of the depopulated Palestinian village of As-Samra in October of that year.[2] The founders of the kibbutz were 120 members of two groups: the Nacham group of Polish immigrants who arrived in Eretz Israel in 1947 and underwent training in Kibbutz Kinneret and a group of immigrants from the Habonim movement in Hungary who immigrated through camps in Cyprus and were trained in Kfar Giladi.[3] Three months after the aliya, a Turkish youth group joined the kibbutz.

Over the years until the Six-Day War, the kibbutz had many confrontations with Syrians across the border, mainly in the period from 1965 to 1967. Among other things, shepherds crossed the border and grazed with their flocks in the kibbutz fields[4][5] and were frequently fired upon from the Syrian posts in the Golan Heights, while cultivating their fields.[6][7][8] A number of machine operators received the decoration of courage for operating tractors and bulldozers, most of them not armored, in order to cultivate land and carry out engineering work in the sector of fire, under heavy fire and artillery shelling on the Syrian side.[9][10][11]

Until July 2007 it operated as a kibbutz, but debts of 50 million NIS meant that it had to sell its businesses and return land to state ownership.[12]

The village contains a memorial to two Turkish pilots who crashed at the location on 8 February 1914. Two planes of the fledgling Ottoman Air Force took off from Istanbul on a flight to Jerusalem to deliver the first Ottoman air mail but never reached their destination. The memorial is tended by a member of HaOn who investigated the story, planted trees at the site and hosted the commander of the Turkish Air Force.[13]

Economy

HaOn runs a spa facing the Sea of Galilee.[14]

In Kibbutz Haon there was a large ostrich farm in Israel with more than 5000 ostriches, for commercial and tourist purposes. The tourist farm still exists, and this is no longer the commercial.

In the years 1995, 1998 and 1999, the Jacob's Ladder (music festival) took place.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ http://jpress.org.il/Olive/APA/NLI_Heb/SharedView.Article.aspx?parm=iejHnzpN6aQynKhH3CXszgnwCEsoBxgRVrLty8DQQH1H0ULV9SLhkkBPsV0HlAQPYw%3D%3D&mode=image&href=DAV%2f1955%2f12%2f15&page=1&rtl=true
  8. ^ http://jpress.org.il/Olive/APA/NLI_Heb/SharedView.Article.aspx?parm=8jX7rOSTurC%2BXws4EHLQQhzAs%2B%2BaHMbI6qABnOQZcyrPhNpjinXdqkEY5ZX6EcqVYw%3D%3D&mode=image&href=DAV%2f1963%2f08%2f14&page=1&rtl=true
  9. ^ [6]
  10. ^ [7]
  11. ^ [8]
  12. ^ Indebted Kibbutz Ha'On to become semi-cooperative moshav Haaretz, 5 July 2007
  13. ^ Letter from Kibbutz Ha'On: Fallen Flyers Hadassah Magazine, 17 March 2014
  14. ^ Massage, Not Work, on the Kibbutz in Israel New York Times, 29 June 2008
  15. ^ [9]

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