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The Haddonfield area was occupied by Lenni LenapeNative Americans. The Lenape disappeared from the local area when settlers arrived. Arrowheads and pottery shards have been found by residents by the banks of the Cooper River, hinting that there was a Native American settlement in Haddonfield at one point in time.
On October 23, 1682, Francis Collins, an English Quaker and a bricklayer by trade, became the first settler within the boundaries of what today is Haddonfield. Collins soon built a house, "Mountwell," on a tract of 400 acres. Haddonfield was further developed by Elizabeth Haddon (1680-1762), whose Quaker father, John Haddon, bought a 500 acres (2.0 km2) tract of land in the English colony of West Jersey to escape religious persecution. Elizabeth set sail alone from Southwark, England to the New World in 1701. Shortly after her arrival, she made a marriage proposal to John Estaugh, a Quaker minister, and they were married in 1702. The town was named for John Haddon, though he never came to America.
The Indian King Tavern, built in 1750, played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War. During that war, the New Jersey Legislature met there, avoiding British forces, and in 1777, declared New Jersey to be an independent state. Today the tavern is a state historical site and museum. Nevertheless, since 1873, Haddonfield has been a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.
Haddonfield is a significant historic paleontology site. In 1838, William Estaugh Hopkins uncovered large bones in a marl pit in which he was digging. Hopkins displayed the bones at his home, Birdwood; and these bones sparked the interest of a visitor, William Foulke. In 1858, Foulke dug from the marl pit the first relatively complete skeleton of a dinosaur found in North America, Hadrosaurus foulkii. The skeleton was assembled in 1868 and is still displayed at Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. A 12-foot (3.7 m) replica of "Haddy" stands in the center of town.
In 1875, Haddonfield became the first community to secede from Haddon Township and become a self-governing borough. Haddonfield is noted for its historic homes, quaint shops, and legions of lawyers. As a legal center for southern New Jersey, the town houses the offices of more than 390 attorneys.
Haddonfield is home to the second oldest volunteer fire company in continuous service in the United States. Haddon Fire Company No. 1 was established as Friendship Fire Company on March 8, 1764, by 26 townsmen. Each member was to furnish two leather buckets while the company supplied six ladders and three fire hooks.
In 1971, Haddonfield became the second municipality in New Jersey (after Cape May) to establish a historic preservation district. In keeping with the historic appearance of the borough, some candidates for commissioner distribute colored ribbons to their supporters instead of yard signs.
According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2010 Haddonfield had a total area of 2.871 square miles (7.435 km2), including 2.824 square miles (7.315 km2) of land and 0.047 square miles (0.120 km2) of water (1.62%).
There were 4,436 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $112,105 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,416) and the median family income was $129,100 (+/- $16,987). Males had a median income of $92,409 (+/- $10,521) versus $61,272 (+/- $6,669) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $55,955 (+/- $5,275). About 3.8% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
There are 4,496 households out of which 35.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% are married couples living together, 7.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% are non-families. 24.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.09.
In the borough the population is spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females, there are 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough is $86,872, and the median income for a family is $103,597. Males have a median income of $73,646 versus $44,968 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $43,170. 2.2% of the population and 1.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Parks and recreation
Haddonfield has several parks maintained by the Camden County Parks Department.
Hopkins Pond covers 33.10 acres (13.40 ha), and contains both Hopkins Pond and Driscoll Pond.
Wallworth Park contains Evans Pond and Wallworth Pond. Evans Pond is dammed and flows into Wallworth Pond, which is also dammed. Each of these ponds is actually a section of the Cooper River, and the early headwaters of the Cooper flow into Evans Pond.
The Borough of Haddonfield has been governed under the Walsh Act since 1913, with three commissioners elected in non-partisan May elections every four years. Amongst themselves, the Commissioners select a Mayor and may select a Deputy Mayor. Each Commissioner oversees a department within the Borough.
In July 2019, Robert Marshall was selected to fill the seat as commissioner that became vacant following the resignation of John Moscatelli the previous month. Marshall served on an interim basis until the November 2019 general election, when voters elected Colleen Bianco Bezich to serve the balance of the term of office through May 2021.
Although the commission is nominally non-partisan, Kasko serves as state Republican Party Committeeman from Camden County and previously served as Haddonfield's Republican Party Chairman and as an aide to Republican Governor Christine Todd Whitman. Moscatelli and Rochford are unaffiliated voters and are not currently involved with local or state Democratic or Republican party activities.
In 2018, the borough had an average property tax bill of $15,182, the highest in the county (though the mini municipality of Tavistock had an average bill of $31,376 for its three homes), compared to an average bill of $8,767 statewide.
Haddonfield Borough Hall
Githen's Shop c. 1830 in the Haddonfield Historic District.
Borough Hall, the home of Haddonfield government, is located at 242 King's Highway East and was built in 1928 by Walter William Sharpley. There are four main offices, including those for the tax assessor, the construction office and the municipal court office. Borough Hall includes a police department, a courtroom, and an auditorium. Its walls are of marble, steel, or plaster, although police station main walls are of steel and cinder block. Haddonfield police write about 8,000 tickets and receive about 300 criminal complaints each year.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 9,081 registered voters in Haddonfield, of which 3,268 (36.0%) were registered as Democrats, 2,232 (24.6%) were registered as Republicans and 3,575 (39.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.3% of the vote (3,849 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 43.9% (3,054 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (51 votes), among the 6,985 ballots cast by the borough's 10,054 registered voters (31 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.5%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 59.4% of the vote (4,346 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 38.2% (2,793 votes), with 7,311 ballots cast among the borough's 8,970 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.5%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 54.1% of the vote (3,946 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 44.7% (3,264 votes), with 7,300 ballots cast among the borough's 8,912 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.9.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.1% of the vote (2,519 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.6% (1,483 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (52 votes), among the 4,147 ballots cast by the borough's 9,791 registered voters (93 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 46.9% of the vote (2,208 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 46.6% (2,195 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 5.3% (249 votes), with 4,712 ballots cast among the borough's 9,138 registered voters, yielding a 51.6% turnout.
During the 2004-05 school year, Haddonfield Memorial High School was awarded the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive. The school was the 33rd-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 11th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.
Kingsway Learning Center provides special education for students from ages birth to 14 at the Haddonfield campus, which is home to the school's Early Intervention Program and its Elementary Program.
Bancroft, founded in Haddonfield in 1883 (known as Bancroft NeuroHealth prior to 2009), had been located in Haddonfield until 2017. In July 2005, Bancroft began soliciting requests for proposals to purchase its 20-acre (81,000 m2) property, as a precursor to moving from Haddonfield. Bancroft is a renowned special education school and neurobehavioral stabilization program with headquarters now in neighboring Cherry Hill, NJ.
There are events such as the community sidewalk sale in the summer, and the fall festival in October. The fall festival is an event where community organizations may have booths along Kings Highway and there is scarecrow-making for kids. Haddonfield hosts a weekly farmers' market on Saturdays from May to November. There is also the Haddonfield Crafts & Fine Arts Festival, where a large variety of vendors line the main street. Another event is First Night, a New Year's Eve celebration of the arts, with a variety of performances was held in town until 2016. There is also a yearly car show that takes place during the second Saturday of September. There are also events such as historic house tours and designer show houses.
Haddonfield prides itself on being walkable; most streets have sidewalks, and due to the small size of the town -- 2 miles (3.2 km) or less from any point in Haddonfield to any other as the crow flies -- it is possible to walk to any part of the community. The Borough presently has a traffic campaign using the slogan "Haddonfield Drives 25" promoting the borough's speed limit as 25 mph (40 km/h) for all streets and roadways.
Route 41 (Kings Highway) passes through the center of the borough and intersects CR 561 (Haddon Avenue) at Haddonfield's main business district. I-295 is adjacent to the southern tip with Exit 31 straddling the border. The New Jersey Turnpike also touches the town boundary, but the closest exit is Interchange 3 in Bellmawr/Runnemede.
^ abcKaplan, Melanie D. G. "Escapes: Haddonfield, N.J., still prohibits liquor sales", The Washington Post, November 4, 2009. Accessed March 18, 2015. "But you'd have a hard time using your cents or pence to buy a drink here at the Indian King Tavern -- or anywhere in town, for that matter. The Borough of Haddonfield -- like 36 other Jersey towns -- is dry. The Indian King was one of the last places to sell alcohol before the town banned liquor. Since 1873, residents of this South Jersey town have bought their spirits in the next burg over and consumed it at home or, more recently, at BYOB restaurants."
^ ab"Haddonfield: Quaker roots run deep"Archived 2012-07-07 at Archive.today, Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed June 28, 2007. "In 1777, as armies devastated Trenton during the Revolution, the Assembly reconvened in the Indian King Tavern in Haddonfield and passed legislation creating an independent state.... The Quakers' strong influence led to the banning of alcohol in 1873--a ban that still stands."
^New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
^About, Symphony in C. Accessed April 26, 2012. "The Haddonfield Symphony began in 1952 as a community orchestra allowing amateur musicians to pursue their love of music by performing for the Haddonfield and southern New Jersey community and made its debut performance in January 1954 under Music Director Guido Terranova."
^Herpen, Bob. "Marshall introduced as Moscatelli's interim replacement; Revelation made at special board of commissioners meeting.", The Haddonfield Sun, July 3, 2019. Accessed September 16, 2019. "After a search that lasted more than a month, Haddonfield has its interim commissioner for public works in Robert Marshall. Marshall was revealed to the public at a special board of commissioners meeting on July 2, and was administered the oath of office following its conclusion. Marshall takes over for John Moscatelli, who was first elected to the post in 2013, and who sent his letter of resignation - effective June 30 - to Mayor Neal Rochford just prior to the board's previous meeting on June 25."
^2019 Special Municipal Election Information, Borough of Haddonfield. Accessed September 16, 2019. "As a part of the 2019 General Election, held on Tuesday, November 5th, the Borough of Haddonfield will be holding a special election for one Commissioner to fill a vacancy in this office. The term of office for this position will end at the May 2021 election, when all three Commissioner seats expire."
^Marcus, Samantha. "These are the towns with the highest property taxes in each of N.J.'s 21 counties", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 22, 2019. Accessed November 5, 2019. "The average property tax bill in New Jersey was $8,767 last year. But there can be big swings from town to town and county to county.... The average property tax bill in Haddonfield Borough was $15,182 in 2018, the highest* in Camden County.... *The average property tax bill in Tavistock, which was formed in 1921 so members of the Tavistock Country Club could play golf on Sundays, was $31,736 last year. Although, technically, it is listed as a municipality, with just three homes and fewer than a dozen residents who live near the golf course, it is in a unique category."
^Longo, Brandon. "SummerFest: Haddonfield Is A Colonial Gem", KYW-TV, August 25, 2017. Accessed October 15, 2017. "Just down the street, the second oldest volunteer fire department in the country is still dousing flames."First responder is not an easy job. Our saying: We run in where people run out," said George Cox, retired fire chief with the Haddon Fire Company. Cox became a firefighter and later the chief of the Haddon Fire Company, taking steps to preserve the legacy of the 253-year-old department."
^Mueller, Mark. "Which N.J. schools were named National Blue Ribbon schools?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 29, 2015. Accessed November 14, 2016. "Fifteen New Jersey schools have been recognized by the federal government as National Blue Ribbon Schools, a designation that celebrates excellence in academics or progress in closing the achievement gap among groups of students.... Each of the 15 New Jersey schools was chosen for the 'exemplary high performing' category, which weighs state or national tests, high school graduation rates and the performance of subgroups of students, such as those who are economically disadvantaged."
^Overview, Bancroft. Accessed September 22, 2013. "A private, nonprofit organization, Bancroft was founded in Haddonfield, N.J., in 1883. Over the years, we have grown to become the fifth-largest private employer in Camden County."
^Home page, First Night Haddonfield. Accessed April 26, 2012.
^Darrow, Chuck. "Person to Watch: Graham Alexander Reviving the Victor music legacy", South Jersey Magazine, January 2016. Accessed July 29, 2019. "Two decades later, Alexander, 26, a Camden native now living in Haddonfield, not only knows the story of RCA Victor and its forebear, the Victor Talking Machine Co., but he has taken it upon himself to revive the brand that was once a household name."
^ abCurtis, Charles. "Howdy, neighbor! Eagles coach Chip Kelly buys $1.1M N.J. house near Sam Bradford's place", NJ Advance Media, October 22, 2015. Accessed November 17, 2015. "Most things in the personal life of Eagles head coach Chip Kelly are kept extremely private, but one piece of news appears to have leaked out.Crossing Broad's Kyle Scott heard from tipsters, who informed him that Kelly recently purchased a $1.1 million house in Haddonfield, N.J.... Scott also said the five-bedroom, five-bathroom property is seven houses down from a residence rented to quarterback Sam Bradford by former Flyers defenseman Chris Pronger."
^Gormley, Chuck. "Emery glad the Flyers chose him", Courier-Post, August 27, 2009. Accessed April 26, 2012. "'I wanted to come back, but I didn't want to come back and not have a good situation to play in and regret the decision I made,' said Emery, who last week moved into a house in Haddonfield."
^LaGorce, Tammy. "Neighborhood Storytelling", The New York Times, July 13, 2008. Accessed July 29, 2008. "Dan Gutman, 52, of Haddonfield, N.J., and the author of sports-themed books and the "My Weird School" series, with titles like "Mrs. Dole Is Out of Control," for HarperCollins, said he visited up to 60 schools a year to gather material."
^Marielle Hall , United States Olympic Committee. Accessed August 10, 2016. "Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pa.; Hometown: Haddonfield, N.J.; High School: Haddonfield Memorial High School (Haddonfield, N.J.) '10; College: University of Texas '14, Government"
^Smith, Alexa Christina. "Q&A With David Laganella, Associate Professor Of Music", The Whetstone, January 13, 2015. Accessed February 17, 2020. "Alexa Smith: Where are you from? David Laganella: Originally? Philadelphia. AS: Is that where you were raised? DL: I was raised in Philadelphia and I was also raised in Haddonfield, N.J."
^Hanley, Robert. "Younger Son Asks Jury to Spare Rabbi's Life", The New York Times, November 22, 2002. Accessed April 26, 2012. "The rabbi, who is in jail, has reportedly developed a close relationship with the woman known to millions a generation ago as Miss Vicki, then the wife of Tiny Tim, the ukulele-playing falsetto singer who won fame in the late 1960s. The Philadelphia Daily News today quoted the woman, Victoria Lombardi of Haddonfield, N.J., as saying of the rabbi, 'He is mine and I am his.'"
^Staff. "Mike Magill passed away", Motorsport.com, December 10, 2006. Accessed May 29, 2017. "Charles Edward "Mike" Magill, a competitor in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Races in 1957, 1958 and 1959, died Aug. 31 in Haddonfield, N.J. He was 86. The good-natured Magill, who lived his entire life in Haddonfield, was briefly a member of the Merchant Marines and later an Air Corps veteran who spent much of World War II stationed in the Pacific."
^Deitch, Edward. "The Stradivari of Haddonfield", The New York Times, July 9, 1978. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Haddonfield - A Photograph of Sergio Peresson shows him sitting at his workbench, holding a violin that he made..... The picture is on a wall in Mr. Peresson's second-floor workshop in his home in this quiet Philadelphia suburb."
^Staff. "Years Before Spielberg Soared Like An Eagle, He Cowered Under One", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 16, 1994. Accessed September 22, 2013. "Picture Steven Spielberg - a wide-eyed, 5-year-old Steven Spielberg - standing in the grand court of John Wanamaker's flagship store, gazing in awe at the giant bronze eagle, the towering pipe organ, the five floors of arches and columns.... 'My family lived in Haddonfield and we used to go to Philadelphia on weekends to visit relatives.'"
^Flint, Peter B. "I. F. Stone, Iconoclast of Journalism, Is Dead at 81", The New York Times, June 19, 1989. Accessed April 26, 2012. "I. F. Stone was born Isidor Feinstein in Philadelphia on Dec. 24, 1907. (He adopted the initials and added the surname Stone at age 30). In his childhood his family moved to nearby Haddonfield, N.J., where his parents, Bernard Feinstein and the former Katherine Novack, Jewish immigrants from Russia, owned a dry goods store"