View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. The castle is visible to the right.
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
|o City manager||Timo Kenakkala|
|o Total||2,031.53 km2 (784.38 sq mi)|
|o Land||1,785.76 km2 (689.49 sq mi)|
|o Water||245.79 km2 (94.90 sq mi)|
|Area rank||34th largest in Finland|
|o Rank||14th largest in Finland|
|o Density||37.82/km2 (98.0/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|o Finnish||97.5% (official)|
|Population by age|
|o 0 to 14||15.8%|
|o 15 to 64||64.7%|
|o 65 or older||19.5%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||19%|
Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus; Karelian: Hämienlinna) is a city and municipality of about 68,000 inhabitants in the heart of the historical province of Häme in the south of Finland. Hämeenlinna is the oldest inland city of Finland and was one of the most important Finnish cities until the 19th century. It still remains an important regional center.
Hämeenlinna is the birthplace of composer Jean Sibelius. Today, it belongs to the region of Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), and before 2010 it was the residence city for the Governor of the province of Southern Finland. Nearby cities include the capital Helsinki (98 km or 61 mi), Tampere (73 km or 45 mi) and Lahti (72 km or 45 mi).
There was a settlement called Vanaja by the lake Vanajavesi where the city now stands since the Viking Age. The castle was built in the late 13th century to secure Swedish power in central Finland. A village was established near Häme Castle to provide services and goods to its inhabitants.
The village was granted city rights in 1639 and soon after that the King of Sweden moved it one kilometre (0.6 miles) south to the hill on which it still stands.
The city is known for its schools and academies where many famous Finns have studied. Schools, government and the military have characterised Hämeenlinna's life throughout history.
|People with a foreign background|
|County of origin||Population (2017)|
|DR Congo||106 (0.16%)|
The composer Jean Sibelius was born and raised in Hämeenlinna. He graduated from Hämeenlinna Lyseo in 1885.
Juho Kusti Paasikivi (seventh President of Finland) graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio (Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio is Hämeenlinna Lyseo Upper secondary school, roughly the equivalent of a US highschool).
The folk/Viking metal band Turisas was formed in Hämeenlinna in 1997 by Mathias Nygård and Jussi Wickström.
Coat of arms at sister city Celle (Germany), granite artwork below signpost