Born near Moores Hill, Indiana, Canfield attended the public schools, Moores Hill College, Central Normal College, Danville, Indiana, and Vorhies Business College, Indianapolis, Indiana. He taught school in Dearborn County 1896-1898. He moved to Batesville, Ripley County, in 1899 and engaged in the manufacture of furniture. He was also interested in the jobbing of furniture, and in farming and banking.
Canfield was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1923-March 3, 1933). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1932. He resumed the furniture manufacturing business in Batesville, Indiana, where he died February 9, 1945. He was interred in the First Methodist Episcopal Cemetery.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.