The Harry Ransom Center, June 2012
Harry Ransom Center (until 1983 the Humanities Research Center) is an archive, library and museum at the University of Texas at Austin, specializing in the collection of literary and cultural artifacts from the United States, Latin America and Europe for the purpose of advancing the study of the arts and humanities. The Ransom Center houses 36 million literary manuscripts, one million rare books, five million photographs, and more than 100,000 works of art. 
The Center has a reading room for scholars and galleries which display rotating exhibitions of works and objects from the collections. In the 2015-2016 academic year, the center hosted nearly 6,000 research visits resulting in the publication of over 145 books.
History Harry Ransom founded the Humanities Research Center in 1957 with the ambition of expanding the rare books and manuscript holdings of the University of Texas. He acquired the Edward Alexander Parsons Collection, the T. Edward Hanley Collection,  and the  Norman Bel Geddes Collection.  
Ransom himself was the official director of the Center for only the years 1958 to 1961, but he directed and presided over a period of great expansion in the collections until his resignation in 1971 as Chancellor of the University of Texas System. The Center moved into its current building in 1972.
F. Warren Roberts was the official director from 1961 to 1976 and acquired the
Helmut Gernsheim Collection of photographs, the archives of D. H. Lawrence, John Steinbeck, and Evelyn Waugh, and in 1968 the Carlton Lake Collection. 
After Roberts's tenure, John Payne and then Carlton Lake served as interim directors from 1976 to 1980. It was during this time (in 1978) that the Center acquired its complete copy of the Gutenberg Bible.
In 1980, the Center hired
Decherd Turner as director. Turner acquired the Giorgio Uzielli Collection of Aldine editions, the  Anne Sexton archive, the Robert Lee Wolff Collection of 19th-century fiction, the Pforzheimer Collection, the  David O. Selznick archive, the Gloria Swanson archive, and the Ernest Lehman Collection. Upon Decherd Turner's retirement in 1988, Thomas F. Staley became director of the Center.  Staley had acquired the Woodward and Bernstein Watergate Papers,  a copy of the  Plantin Polyglot Bible, and more than 100 literary archives. In September 2013, Stephen Enniss was appointed director of the Ransom Center. Enniss was formerly the Head Librarian of the Folger Shakespeare Library. Under Enniss the Ransom Center has continued to collect several archives, including  Kazuo Ishiguro,  Arthur Miller and  Ian McEwan. 
In 1983 the institution's name was changed from the Humanities Research Center to the Harry Ransom Center.
Two prominent items in the Ransom Center's collections are a
Gutenberg Bible  (one of only 21 complete copies known to exist) and  Nicéphore Niépce's c. 1826 , the first successful permanent photograph from nature. Both of these objects are on permanent display in the main lobby.
View from the Window at Le Gras
Beyond these, the Center houses many culturally important documents and artifacts. Particular strengths include modern literature, performing arts,
and photography.  Besides the Gutenberg Bible and the photograph, notable holdings include:
Three copies of the 1623
of First Folio William Shakespeare's plays A suppressed 1865 first edition of
, one of only 23 copies known to exist. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland The first edition of the 1572 Portuguese book
, by Os Lusíadas Luis de Camões. The personal libraries of writers such as
Ezra Pound, Evelyn Waugh, Alice Corbin Henderson, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and the Coleridge family Extensive manuscript collections of
Lewis Carroll, Doris Lessing, Aleister Crowley, James Joyce, T. E. Lawrence, D. H. Lawrence, T.H. White, Carson McCullers, Norman Mailer, Anne Sexton, Don DeLillo, Graham Greene, Brian Moore, Erle Stanley Gardner, David Foster Wallace, Julian Barnes, Elizabeth Bowen, J. M. Coetzee, Kazuo Ishiguro, Julia Alvarez, Billy Collins, T. C. Boyle, McSweeney's, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Marthe Bibesco and Ian McEwan.
Edgar Allan Poe's writing desk A large collection of rare and valuable
comic books A writing journal kept by
Jack Kerouac in preparation for writing (1957) On the Road The Cardigan manuscript of
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales A rare 1904 first edition of
by The Book of the Law ( Liber AL) Aleister Crowley (among other original Crowley first editions), also known as the Vellum books but more popularly known as the Holy Book of Thelema.
Tarot cards hand-colored by Aleister Crowley The
Thomas James Wise collection consists of bibliographies and catalogs created by Wise and miscellaneous manuscripts and correspondence relating to Wise's forgeries and life. The records of the Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. publishing company.
Theatre and performing arts The papers of
Stella Adler, Frith Banbury, Sebastian Barry, Samuel Beckett, Paul Bowles, Richard Buckle, Edward Gordon Craig, T. S. Eliot, Harry Frazee, Spalding Gray, David Hare, Lillian Hellman, Harry Houdini, Anne Jackson, Adrienne Kennedy, David Mamet, Terrence McNally, Arthur Miller, John Osborne, Sam Shepard, Peter O'Toole, J. B. Priestely, James Purdy, James Roose-Evans, George Bernard Shaw, Tom Stoppard, Jule Styne, Laurette Taylor, Eli Wallach, Jerome Weidman, Arnold Wesker, Tennessee Williams, Sandy Wilson, Audrey Wood, and many others. The organizational archives of B. J. Simmons & Company,
Theatre Guild, and the College of Fellows of the American Theatre. An extensive library of early modern plays and theatrical books including three
Shakespeare First Folios and one of only three known copies of the 1594 quarto of the published by an anonymous writer. True Tragedie of Richard the Third A historic collection of 19th and 20th century portrait photography of actors and dancers, and production photography holdings including Joseph Abeles and Leo Friedman,
Fred Fehl, and Bob Golby. Design archives of
Norman Bel Geddes, Gordon Conway, Eldon Elder, and Boris Aronson.
David Garrick's diary from his 1751 trip to Paris, which formerly belonged to Harry Houdini.
John Wilkes Booth's personal production promptbook for . Richard III Original costumes from the
Ballets Russes including pieces from Narcisse and . Design holdings include two of The Rite of Spring Pablo Picasso's costume designs and a set design from . The Three-Cornered Hat The original manuscripts for
George Aiken's 1852 stage adaptation of and the archive of its producing company, Uncle Tom's Cabin George C. Howard. A 1730 manuscript of George Frideric Handel's made by his principal copyist. Coronation Anthems
Film and television The papers of
Robert De Niro, David O. Selznick, Nicholas Ray, Edward Carrick, Alfred Junge, Jay Presson Allen, Lewis Allen, Ernest Lehman, King Vidor, Tobe Hooper, and Gloria Swanson. Selected costumes, script drafts,
storyboards, and audition tapes from . These are part of the Gone with the Wind David O. Selznick Collection Unused
props designed by Salvador Dalí to have been used in the dream sequence in the 1945 film Spellbound The
sunglasses worn by Gloria Swanson in the 1950 film Sunset Boulevard Scripts, drafts, notes, props, costumes, digital video and research material from the American television series Mad Men 
"About: Harry Ransom Center". University of Texas at Austin . Retrieved .
"Annual Report 2015-2016" (PDF). Harry Ransom Center. 2017 . Retrieved 2017.
Edward Alexander Parsons Collection
T. Edward Hanley Library
Normal Bel Geddes Theater and Industrial Design Papers
Lewis, Anne S. (September 10, 2012). "Normal Bel Geddes, Harry Ransom Center, Future Perfect exhibition". Wall Street Journal.
Carlton Lake brief bio from "New Directions" Carlton Lake (1915-2006) was the Paris art critic for the . Christian Science Monitor
Aldine Press Archived 2013-02-27 at the Wayback Machine Giorgio Uzielli was a New York stockbroker and book collector, born in Florence, Italy. After a 1982 visit to the Harry Ransom Center, he wrote into his will a bequest to the Center of his 287 books printed by the Aldine Press in Venice in the 15th and 16th centuries. Uzielli's gift was appraised at about $2 million.
Carl H. Pforzheimer Library
"Ernest Lehman Collection". Archived from the original on 2005-03-18 . Retrieved .
Director Thomas F. Staley: Major Acquisitions and Achievements
Woodward and Bernstein Watergate Papers
"Stephen Enniss appointed new director of Ransom Center" Archived 2014-01-04 at the Wayback Machine, Harry Ransom Center.
"The Remains of the Papers"
"Harry Ransom Center Acquires Arthur Miller Archive"
"Ian McEwan's literary archive bought by Harry Ransom Center"
"About: Harry Ransom Center". University of Texas at Austin . Retrieved .
Gutenberg Bible, permanent exhibit at HRC
The World of Rare Books: The Gutenberg Bible, First and Most Valuable Archived 2013-04-10 at the Wayback Machine
Performing Arts - Harry Ransom Center
Photography - Harry Ransom Center
"George C. (George Cunnibell) Howard and Family: An Inventory of Their Collection at the Harry Ransom Center". norman.hrc.utexas.edu . Retrieved .
Vertuno, Jim. "Don Draper and 'Mad Men' archive land at University of Texas". Statesman. Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017 . Retrieved 2017.
Max, D. T. (June 11, 2007). "Letter from Austin: Final Destination". The New Yorker . Retrieved .
Pearson, Rachel (March 7, 2006). "Center offers literary sort of Ransom". The Daily Texan . Retrieved .
Pearson, Rachel (March 8, 2006). "Ransom Center criticized abroad". The Daily Texan . Retrieved .
Page, Caroline (October 30, 2007). "HRC holds cultural gems". The Daily Texan . Retrieved .
Page, Caroline (November 7, 2007). "Ransom Center home to De Niro collection and other rare works". The Daily Texan . Retrieved .
Page, Caroline (November 15, 2007). "Ransom Center leads in conservation". The Daily Texan . Retrieved .
Page, Caroline (December 4, 2007). "Literary treasure hunt". The Daily Texan . Retrieved . "Harry Ransom Center Acquires Rare Plantin Polyglot Bible". April 29, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-01 . Retrieved .
Coordinates: 30°17?03?N 97°44?28?W / 30.2843°N 97.7412°W