Hayashi Tadasu
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Hayashi Tadasu


Hayashi Tadasu
? ?
Tadasu Hayashi c1902.jpg
Count Hayashi Tadasu c. 1902
Born(1850-04-11)11 April 1850
Died10 July 1913(1913-07-10) (aged 63)
OccupationDiplomat, cabinet minister

Count Hayashi Tadasu, GCVO (? ?, 11 April 1850 - 10 July 1913[1]) was a Japanese career diplomat and cabinet minister in Meiji period Japan.

Early life

Hayashi was born in Sakura city, Shim?sa Province (present-day Chiba prefecture) .,[2] as the son of Sat? Taizen, a physician practising "Dutch medicine" for the Sakura Domain. He was adopted as a child by Hayashi Dokai, a physician in the service of the Tokugawa shogunate, from whom he received the family name "Hayashi", but he sometimes referred to himself as "Sat? Tosabur?". He learned English at the Hepburn Academy in Yokohama (the forerunner of Meiji Gakuin University).

From 1866 to 1868, Hayashi studied in Great Britain at University College School and King's College London as one of fourteen young Japanese students (including Kikuchi Dairoku) sent by the Tokugawa government on the advice of the then British foreign minister Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby.

Hayashi returned home in the midst of the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, and joined with Tokugawa loyalists led by Enomoto Takeaki, whom he accompanied to Hokkaid? with the remnants of the Tokugawa fleet. He was captured by Imperial forces after the final defeat of the Republic of Ezo at the Battle of Hakodate and imprisoned in Yokohama.

Released in 1871 by Kanagawa governor Mutsu Munemitsu, he was recruited to work for the Meiji government in 1871, and because of his language abilities and previous overseas experience was selected to accompany the Iwakura Mission to Europe and the United States in 1871-1873.[2]

Government officer

Being a member of the Iwakura Mission in the Britain, he was instructed by Yamao Yozo to arrange appointment of the teaching staff for the Engineering Institution (Japan) in the end of 1872[3]. He returned home with the staff lead by Henry Dyer as the principal, and endeavoured to set up the Imperial College of Engineering, Tokyo as an officer of the Engineering Institution of the Ministry of Public Works.

Political career

After the Ministry of Public Works was abolished, he moved to the Ministry of Post and Telecommunication, then was appointed governor of Kagawa Prefecture, and then of Hy?go Prefecture. In 1891, he was appointed Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs. He was elevated to the title of baron (danshaku) in the kazoku peerage in 1895.

Hayashi was appointed as resident minister to the court of Qing dynasty China at the Japanese legation in Beijing, then resident minister to Russia in St Petersburg, and finally resident minister to Great Britain. While serving in London from 1900, he worked to successfully conclude the Anglo-Japanese Alliance and signed on behalf of the government of Japan on 30 January 1902.[2] He was elevated to the title of viscount (shishaku) in February 1902.

Countess Hayashi, photographed 17 March 1902

On 2 December 1905 Hayashi became the first Japanese ambassador to the Court of St James's, as diplomatic relations were upgraded between the Empire of Japan and the British Empire .[2] He was accompanied by his wife, Misao Gamo.[4] At that time Sir Claude MacDonald was Hayashi's opposite number in Tokyo.

On becoming Foreign Minister in the first Saionji cabinet in 1906, Hayashi concluded agreements with France (the Franco-Japanese Agreement of 1907) and Russia (the Russo-Japanese Agreement of 1907 and Russo-Japanese Agreement of 1910). He served as Minister of Communications in the second Saionji cabinet and as interim Foreign Minister (1911-12). He was elevated to the title of count (hakushaku) in 1907 .[2]

Hayashi died in 1913, and his grave is at Aoyama Cemetery in Tokyo.



  • Baron (31 October 1895)
  • Viscount (27 February 1902)[5]
  • Count (14 September 1907)


Honorary degrees

Order of precedence

  • Third rank (21 July 1901)
  • Senior third rank (May 1910)

See also


  • The Secret Memoirs of Count Hayashi Tadasu, edited by A.M. Pooley, 1915, reprinted 2002 ISBN 1-4039-0334-4
  • Kowner, Rotem (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5.

External links


  1. ^ Who's Who 1914, p. xxii
  2. ^ a b c d e Kowner, Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War, p. 144.
  3. ^ Hayashi Tadasu: Ato wa Mukashi no Ki (Looking Back), p.47.
  4. ^ "Sitter: Viscountess Hayashi, later Countess Hayashi, née Misao Gamo (1858-1942)". Lafayette Negative Archive.
  5. ^ "Latest intelligence - Japan". The Times (36704). London. 1 March 1902. p. 7.
  6. ^ London Gazette, 4 July 1905
  7. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36779). London. 28 May 1902. p. 12.
  8. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36788). London. 7 June 1902. p. 9.
Political offices
Preceded by
Saionji Kinmochi

Succeeded by
Terauchi Masatake
Preceded by
Got? Shinpei

Aug 1911 - Dec 1912
Succeeded by
Got? Shinpei

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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