Help:IPA/Hejazi Arabic
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Help:IPA/Hejazi Arabic

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Hejazi Arabic pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-acw}} and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

The romanization of the examples is based on the romanization system used on Wiktionary.

See Hejazi Arabic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Urban Hejazi Arabic.

Consonants
IPA Arabic letter Example Romanization English approximation
? ?, ?, ?, ?, ? sa'al uh-(?)oh
? ? ??n no equivalent
b ? bissa bike
d ? (?)[1] () dubb (d?l or ??l) done
d? ? (?)[2] () ?abb (?ifir or ?ifir) emphatic
d?[3] ? jar?da job or vision
ð* ?[1] ?akar or dakar this
f ? f?n fast
? ? gamar gas
h ? h?di hat
? ? ?arr no equivalent
j ? yadd yes
k ? kalb cat
l ? l?n lip (clear l)
?[4] ? all?h peel (dark l)
m ? ? m?ya mother
n[5] ? n?m nest
?* ?[6] ?aw?b or taw?b think
r[3] ? r?s trilled r or better (with flapping)
s ? (?)[6] () sar?r (s?bit or ??bit) sorry
s? ? ?abb?r emphatic
? ? ?ams ship
t ? ,? (?)[6] () tamur (t?b or ??b) star
t? ? ??r emphatic
w ? waraga water
x ? ?ass loch (Scottish)
? ? ?ar?b French r but softer
z ? (?)[1] (?) zirr (zaki or ?aki) zebra
z? ?[2] ?arf emphatic
Notable Allophones
q[7] ? istigl?l {istiql?l} no equivalent
ð?* ? [2] ?ill or ?ill emphatic
Non-native Consonants[8]
p* ? or p?tza or b?tza put
v* ? or vayr?s or fayr?s view
Vowels
IPA Example Romanization English approximation
Monophthongs
a famm father but shorter
? [9] ?ubb put (or like law)
u gabu to
? [10] sirr sit (or like set)
i ? madri happy
a:[11] n?r father
u: n?r food
o: ??t for
i: m?n need
e: b?t hair
Diphthongs
aw dawri how
aj ? laym?n tie
ij ? biyg?l hey
Suprasegmentals
IPA examples Explanation
' /'jo:m/ ("day") Indicates that the following syllable is stressed.
: /sa'k:i:na/ ("knife") Indicates a long vowel or a geminate consonant.

The sounds , and in addition to the foreign and marked by an asterisk* are not used by all speakers.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c ?⟩ represents /d/ as in /de:l/ & /dakar/ or /z/ as in /zaki/, but the classical phoneme /ð/ is still used as well depending on the speaker especially in words of English origin. check Hejazi Arabic phonology
  2. ^ a b c ?⟩ represents /d?/ as in /d?ifir/ & /d?il:/ or /z?/ as in /z?arf/, but the classical allophone [ð?] is still used as well depending on the speaker. check Hejazi Arabic phonology
  3. ^ a b the affricate /d/?⟩ and the trill /r/?⟩ are realised as a (English s in pleasure) and a tap respectively by a number of speakers or in a number of words.
  4. ^ The marginal phoneme /?/ only occurs in the word ? /aa:h/ ('god') and words derived from it, such as /jaa/ "come on", they contrast in /waa/ ('i swear') vs. /walla/ ('or').
  5. ^ [?] is an allophone of /n/ ??? before velar stops ?? ,?? /k, ?/ as in ? [a?kab] or [mal], and [?] is an allophone before ?? ,?? /f, v/ as in [g?rf?l].
  6. ^ a b c ?⟩ represents /t/ as in /to:b/ & ? /tawa:b/ or /s/ as in ? /sa:bit/, but the classical phoneme /?/ is still used as well depending on the speaker especially in words of English origin. check Hejazi Arabic phonology
  7. ^ [q] is an allophone of /?/ ??? as in [?st?qla:l] or [?st?gla:l]. It occurs in a number of phrases and words due to the influence of Modern Standard Arabic in the 20th century.
  8. ^ The phonemes /p/ and /v/ are only found in loanwords and they can be substituted by /b/ and /f/ respectively depending on the speaker
  9. ^ Word initial and medial /u/ is pronounced [?] or less likely [o?] as in [??b], but strictly pronounced at the end of words as in [gabu], and before /w/ as in [huw:a]. All are allophones of the phoneme /u/.
  10. ^ Word initial and medial /i/ is pronounced [?] or less likely [e?] as in ? [s?r], but strictly pronounced at the end of words as in ? [madri], and before /j/ as in [hij:a]. All are allophones of the phoneme /i/.
  11. ^ is an allophone for /a:/ and /a/ in some words such as ? [alm?:nja] ('Germany'), ? [b?:b?] ('dad') and [ja:b?:n] ('Japan').

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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