Help:IPA/Occitan
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Help:IPA/Occitan

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Occitan language pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-oc}} and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Unless otherwise noted, examples are in Languedocien. See Occitan phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Occitan.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b blau, vent, (Auvergnat, Limousin, Provençal) libertat blunt
? gravilh, libertat between baby and bevy
d domeni, mandra, (Auvergnat, Limousin, Provençal) unida doom
dz dotzen, (Auvergnat, Limousin) messatge, genolh, jovença lads
d? messatge, genolh, jovença magic
ð unida that
f fàcia frank
? gròs, bilingüe, (Auvergnat, Limousin, Provençal) agradar, liguèron gallon
? agradar, liguèron between gold and ahold
k caissa, quant, long scanner
l lièch, espatla, filh long
? familha bullion
m mascle, ambedós moment
n natura, colomb, banh need
? sang, banquièr lung
? montanha canyon
p pichon lisp
r rrer, rascanhós trilled r
? córrer, malaürós ladder (AmE)
s solelh, amiss, servici, esboçar soldier
t temps, sard still
ts trobairitz, accion, (Auvergnat, Limousin) chèc boots
t? nuechòla, chèc, freg chocolate
z utilizar, esboçar zebra
Local consonants
h (Gascon) hemna high
? (Provençal) Arle French Arles
? (Auvergnat) servici, (Gascon) Foish shoe
v (Auvergnat, Limousin, Provençal) vent valid
? (Gascon) joenessa, (Provençal) age measure
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a quatre, ànec, camaièu luck
e fetge, embestiar, (Auvergnat, Limousin) mètge say
? mètge, benlèu sect
i vitz, Loís cease
? escòla, doás, (Auvergnat, Limousin) camaièu off
u Tolosa, soi, valorós soup
y luna, futur, bonaür French rue, German Blüte
Local vowels
? (Auvergnat) fetge, embestiar alike
o (Limousin) còsta sport (RP)
oe (Auvergnat, Limousin, Provençal) flha blur
w? (Auvergnat) pòrta, (Provençal) bòna war
 
Semivowels
IPA Examples English approximation
j ia, fièira, embestiar, luòc, (Limousin) familha yes
w clau, plòure, oèst, qüadragenari, (Gascon) cuu swallow
? uèlh, ambigüitat, (Auvergnat) ajuidar between yet and wet; French nuit
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Explanation
' plaça ['plas?] primary stress
? vertadièrament [be?ta?ðj'men] secondary stress
. via ['bi.?] syllable break
: (Limousin) chastanhas [tsa:'ta?a:] long vowel or geminated consonant

References

  • Balaguer, Claudi; Pojada, Patrici. Diccionari Català - Occità / Occitan - Catalan (in Catalan and Occitan).
  • Lavalade, Yves. Dictionnaire Occitan - Français (in French and Occitan).
  • Fettuciari, Jòrgi; Martin, Guiu; Pietri, Jaume. Diccionari Provençau - Francés (in Occitan and French).
  • Omelhièr, Cristian. Petiòt diccionari Occitan d'Auvèrnhe - Francés (in Occitan and French).
  • "CORRESPONDÉNCIAS FONETICAS" [Phonetic correspondences]. MonOccitània (in Occitan).

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Occitan
 



 



 
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