Help:IPA/Serbo-Croatian
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Help:IPA/Serbo-Croatian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Serbo-Croatian (the Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin and Serbian standards thereof) pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-sh}}, {{IPA-sr}}, {{IPA-hr}}, and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Examples below in the Latin script are given in the Ijekavian pronunciation, while Cyrillic ones are in the Ekavian pronunciation. See Serbo-Croatian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of these languages.

Consonants
IPA Example Nearest English equivalent
Latin Cyrillic
b bob ??? bob
d dan ? doom
d?[1] ?ak ??va jeez
d?[1][2] d?ep ?e? like George, but retroflex
f film ? film
? gore ? gore
j ja ?? yaw
k kola ? score
l Luka ? fill
l? bicikl ? little
? bilje ?? million
m more ? more
n ne ?? no
n? njutn ? newton
?[3] banka ? bank
? konj ? canyon
p pet ? space
r robot ?? robot, but trilled
r? vrba ?? US verb, but trilled
s stol ? stole
?[4] ?uma ? shell
t tata ???? star
t?[1] ?up ? cheese
ts ?orc ? shorts
t?[1][5] ?eki? ?? like church, but retroflex
?[6] voda ? van
x hir ? here
z zima ? zoo
?[7] ?aba ? fusion
Vowels
IPA Example Nearest English equivalent
(long vowels with falling tone)
Latin Cyrillic
a rad ??? father
e let ??? let
i list ?? least
o more ?? more
u trup ?? tool
Tone and vowel length
Tonic marks are not normally written but are found in dictionaries.[8]
IPA Example Explanation
Latin Cyrillic
e sezóna ?? non-tonic short vowel
e: ùz?ti non-tonic long vowel[9]
? djèca ?? short vowel with rising tone
?: kréda long vowel with rising tone
ê sj?me ?? short vowel with falling tone
ê: r?p ??? long vowel with falling tone

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Many speakers in Croatia and some in Bosnia have no distinction between /t?/ and /t?/ (⟨?⟩ and ⟨?⟩) or between /d?/ and /d?/ (⟨?⟩ and ⟨d?⟩) and are both pronounced [t?] and [d?] respectively.
  2. ^ Sometimes transcribed as .
  3. ^ Allophone of /n/ before velar consonants.
  4. ^ Sometimes transcribed as .
  5. ^ Sometimes transcribed as .
  6. ^ ⟨v⟩ is a light fricative, more precisely transcribed [] or [v?]. However, it does not behave as a fricative in that it does not devoice to *[f] before a voiceless consonant and it does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced.
  7. ^ Sometimes transcribed as .
  8. ^ Tone marks can also be found on syllabic consonants, such as [] and [r:]. Some articles may use the stress mark, ['e], which could correspond to either of the tonic accents (rising or falling) and so they are not a complete transcription, although many speakers in Croatia have no tone distinctions.
  9. ^ Many speakers in Croatia and Serbia pronounce most unstressed long vowels as short.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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