Help:IPA/Thai
Get Help:IPA/Thai essential facts below. View Videos or join the Help:IPA/Thai discussion. Add Help:IPA/Thai to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Help:IPA/Thai

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Thai pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-th}}, and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Thai script RTGS Examples English approximation
Syllable-initial consonants
b ? b ??? / bambat boom
d ?, ?, ? d / dika,
?? / mondop,
? / dao
doom
f ?, ? f ? / fuean,
?? / faifa
food
h ?, ? h ? / hap,
/ hoicho
head
j ?, ?,
, ,
y ?? / yoei,
? / ying,
/ yakyai
yak
k ? k ??? / kangkeng scan
k? ?, ?, ?,
?, ?
kh ? / khua,
/ akkhi,
? / rakhang
can
l ?, , ? l ? / laliat,
?? / lole,
/ nalika
leaf
m ?, m ??? / mommaem,
/ mat
much
n ?, ?, n ??? / nen,
? / noina
not
? ?, ng ?? / ngong,
? / ma-ngek
bringing
p ? p ? / pan span
p? ?, ?, ? ph ? / phueng,
? / phan,
? / phiphop
pan
r[1] ?, r ?? / raroeng,
? / rura
trilled r
s ?, , , ?,
, ?, ?,
s ??? / saeng,
/ si,
? / sio
soup
t ?, ? t ?? / patibat,
?? / tamruat
stable
t? ?, ?, ?,
?, ?, ?
th / watthu,
?? / thapthim,
??? / athitthan
table
t? ?, ch ??? / charachon,
? / ching
question
t ?, ?, ? ch ?? / choet,
?? / chingcha,
?? / atcha
cheese
w ?, w ? / wao,
?? / wiang
way
? ? ?? / aroi [?à?.rj] > [??.rj],[2]
?? / sip et [sìp ?èt]
the catch in uh-oh
Syllable-final consonants
j ? i ? / yoei,
? / khayai
boy
k[3] ?, , ?,
?, , ?
k ? / krok,
/ samak,
? / mek
doctor
m ? m ?? / mommaem jam
n ?, ?, ?, ?,
, ?, ?
n ?? / winyan,
?? / sandon,
? / nen
can
? ? ng ?? / ngong sang
p[3] ?, ?, ?, ?, ? p ? / prap,
? / thawip,
? / phap
apt
t[3] ?, ?, , ?,
?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ,
?, ?, , , ,
?, ?, , ?,
, , ,
?, ?, ?
t ?? / tamruat,
? / daet,
? / watthu,
/ met,
??? / botbat,
? / samat,
? / prathet
catnip
w ? o ? / wao,
? / kaeo
wow
?[3] ?, - ? / mana [m?:.ná?],
/ khati [k?á?.tì?] > [k.tì?],[2]
/ kia [kía?]
flat (Cockney)
Vowels
IPA Thai script RTGS Examples English approximation
Short monophthongs
a ?, , a / phayang
????? / chalamet
? / banlang
cut
e , ? e ? / phet,
? / seng
mate (Scottish)
? , ? ae ? / waen,
??? / yaem
bat
i , i ? / boriwen,
?? / likkhasit
happy
o , o / lom,
/ krot
boat (Scottish)
? ?, ? o ?? / krathom,
? / lok
lot
u , u ? / buri,
? / khunnawut
shoot
? ue ? / huet,
?? / uekkathuek
goose (Australian)
? ? oe ? / ngoen the
Long monophthongs
a: , a ? / kla,
??? / rap
bra
e: , e ?? / thale,
? / kreng
play (Scottish)
?: , ae ?? / phae,
?? / khwaen
man
i: , i / ni,
? / pin
green
o: , o ? / ho,
? / lok
go (Scottish)
?: ?, , o ? / thorani,
??? / tomo,
?? / klong
lawn
u: , u / su,
? / but
moon
?: , ue ? / nangsue
?? / khluen
who'd (Australian)
?: , ? oe ???? / phoeroe
? / koet
fur
Diphthongs
ia ?, ia ?? / phlia,
?? / ngiap
media
ua , ua ? / chua,
??? / huat
gruel
?a ?, uea ?? / khruea,
?? / mueang
Vowels + syllable-final /j, w/
IPA Thai script RTGS Examples English approximation
aj , , ai / wai,
? / yai,
? / mai
tight
aw ao ??? / ao house
ew , ? eo ?? / reo,
? / reo
?w , ? aeo ??? / thaeo,
?? / phlaeo
house (Australian)
iw io / hio hue
?j , ? oi / boi,
?? / yoi
Boyce
uj ui / khui chewy
a:j ai ? / tai Thai
a:w ao ? / dao cow
e:w eo / leo
?:w aeo ?? / laeo cow (Australian)
o:j oi ??? / doi boy (Australian)
?:j oi / roi boy
?:j oei / noei millefeuille (British)[4]
iaw iao ?? / priao meow
uaj uai / thuai Paraguay
?aj ueai / fueai
Tones
IPA Description Thai script RTGS Examples
?: Mid - ? [w?:.l?:],
[krà?.d?m] > [kr?.d?m][2]
à: Low -, [bù:t],
? [sàj]
â: Falling -, , [n:p],
?? [np],
[pl:]
á: High -, , [p?át],
?? [nó:t],
[t?úa?]
?: Rising -, [k??a?],
?? [k?w]
Other symbols
IPA Description RTGS Examples
. Syllable break - [5] / dipli [d?:.pl?:],
? / maphrao [má?.p?rá:w] > [m?.p?rá:w],[2]
/ sam-ang [s?m.:?]

Notes and references

  1. ^ The consonant /r/ is realized most frequently as , but also as , in standard or deliberate pronunciation. In other contexts, however, both of them tend to merge into the lateral approximant , as the clear distinction between the phonemes /r/ and /l/ is consistently maintained only by some speakers.
  2. ^ a b c d Tingsabadh & Abramson (1993:26): "In plurisyllabic words, the low tone and the high tone on syllables containing the short vowel /a/ followed by the glottal stop in deliberate speech, become the mid tone when unstressed, with loss of the glottal stop."
  3. ^ a b c d In syllable-final position, /p, t, k, ?/ have no audible release: [p?, t?, k?, ].
  4. ^ "millefeuille". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ The RTGS uses a hyphen to indicate a syllable break where ambiguity would otherwise arise.

Bibliography


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Thai
 



 



 
Music Scenes