Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland
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Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland
Arms of Clifford: Chequy or and azure, a fess gules
Quartered arms of Sir Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland, KG
Monument of Sir Henry Clifford, Holy Trinity Church, Skipton

Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland KG (1493 - 22 April 1542) was a member of the Clifford family which was seated at Skipton Castle, Yorkshire from 1310 to 1676.[1]

Origins

He was born at Skipton Castle, a son of Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford by his wife Anne St John, daughter of Sir John St John of Bletso by his first wife Alice Bradshaigh.[2][3]

Career

As a youth Clifford spent time at the court of King Henry VIII and was knighted at Henry's coronation in 1509. he was appointed Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1522 and became hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland on the death of his father in 1523. As part of King Henry VIII's plans for the defence of the Scottish border he was created Earl of Cumberland on 18 June 1525, made Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle. He was however soon replaced by William Dacre, 3rd Baron Dacre but after the latter was accused of treason, he was reinstated in the post from 1534 to 1542. In 1536 he refused to support the Pilgrimage of Grace and as a result was besieged in Skipton Castle. He was made a Knight of the Garter by a grateful King Henry VIII in 1537.[4]

Marriages and progeny

He married twice:

Death and burial

He died in 1542 and was buried in Skipton church, where his monument survives.[4]

References

  1. ^ "Skipton Castle North Yorkshire - Clifford and Cumberland History". www.skiptoncastle.co.uk. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/1, page 121.
  3. ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families, Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. pg 219. Google eBook
  4. ^ a b Hoyle, R.W. (23 September 2004). "Clifford, Henry, first earl of Cumberland". Oxford English Dictionary of Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5647.
  5. ^ Countess of Pembroke, Anne Clifford Herbert (2018). Malay, Jessica L. (ed.). Anne Clifford's Autobiographical Writing, 1590-1676. Oxford University Press. p. 270. ISBN 9781526117878.
  6. ^ Emerson, Kathy Lynn (1984). Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth Century England. Whitston Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 9780878752461.
  7. ^ Kinney, A.; Lawson, J. (2014). Titled Elizabethans: A Directory of Elizabethan Court, State, and Church Officers, 1558-1603. Springer. p. 128. ISBN 9781137461483.


External links

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Clifford
Baron de Clifford
1524-1542
Succeeded by
Henry Clifford
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Cumberland
1525-1542
Succeeded by
Henry Clifford

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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