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Office or institution that deals with heraldry
A heraldic authority is defined as an office or institution which has been established by a reigning monarch or a government to deal with heraldry in the country concerned. It does not include private societies or enterprises which design and/or register coats of arms.
Over the centuries, many countries have established heraldry authorities, and several still flourish today.
The Lord Lyon King of Arms is an official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in Scotland, issuing new grants of arms and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.
The College of Arms is the office regulating heraldry for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It was founded in 1484 by King Richard III, and is a private corporate body which is delegated heraldic authority by the British monarch.
The Council of Nobility (1844-present) - grants arms to the nobility in all of Belgium and municipal arms in the German Speaking Community of Belgium.
Vlaamse Heraldische Raad (Flemish Heraldic Council) (1984-present) - supervises and advises the Flemish Government regarding grants of non-noble personal, official, municipal, and corporate arms within the Flemish Community of Belgium.
The commission deals only with municipal heraldry and vexillology. It is composed of five members appointed on a four years mandate by the Minister: jurist, heraldist, archivist, historian and visual artist. Pursuant to article 10. Law on the local self-government units, all municipal coats of arms have to be made and blazoned in accordance with heraldic rules. Ministry will issue armorial (Croatian: grbovnica) to municipality in the form of a booklet composed of 8 pages. The Armorial is made in three copies of which one is obtained by : unit of local self-government, Croatian State Archives and the Ministry of Public Administration.
The subcommittee deals only with municipal heraldry and vexillology. The grants of arms approved by the committee are signed by the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies. The Czech Republic has no heraldic authority for personal arms.
Ufficio Cerimoniale della Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri (since 1947)
State Heraldry Commission (1997- ), forming part of the Presidency - deals with official and municipal arms.
Heraldry Commission (1988- ), forming part of the Presidency - deals with official and municipal arms.
Commission héraldique de l'Etat (State Heraldic Commission)
Hoge Raad van Adel (High Council of the Nobility) (1815- ) - grants personal arms (to nobles only) and official, military, and municipal arms. Also provides advice regarding arms of members of the royal family.
Until 1943, Northern Ireland came under the Ulster Office; since then, it has fallen under the College of Arms part of the jurisdiction of the Norroy and Ulster King of Arms which also covers the counties of England and Wales North of the River Trent.
Court of the Lord Lyon, headed by the Lord Lyon (c. 1399?- ) - grants personal, municipal, and corporate arms; it is illegal to bear arms in Scotland unless they have been granted or recorded by the Lord Lyon.
Kenya College of Arms (1968- ), headed by a Registrar, and forming part of the Attorney-General's Office - grants and registers personal, municipal, and corporate coats of arms. It was established by the College of Arms Act of 1968.
Department of the Interior (1935-1959) - inter alia registered the arms of associations and institutions, as "badges".
Provincial administrations (1949-1963 - inter alia registered the arms of municipalities in their respective provinces.
Department of Education, Arts & Sciences (1959-1963 - inter alia registered the arms of associations and institutions, as "badges".
Bureau of Heraldry (1963- ), headed by the National Herald (formerly State Herald), and forming part of the National Archives & Records Service - registers personal, official, military, municipal, and corporate arms. Together with the Heraldry Council, it forms part of the National Archives and Records Service (formerly called the State Archives Service), which is currently under the authority of the Minister of Arts & Culture.
The Heraldry Act 1962, which governs the Bureau of Heraldry, has not been changed to replace "State herald" with "National Herald". Announcements in the Government Gazette of South Africa still use "State Herald".
Colours Control Board (1958- ) - inter alia registers the arms of associations and institutions, as "badges".
Registrar of Names, Uniforms, Badges and Heraldic Representations (1971- ), forming part of the Patents Office - registers official, municipal, corporate, and personal arms.
Heraldry Society of Africa (2016- ), forming a repository of historic and current heraldry within the sub-monarchy of Bunyoro-Kitara, and all of the continent of Africa, and as warranted abroad.
Heraldic Council (2006- ), forming part of the Presidency.
^"Pravilnik o postupku davanja odobrenja grba i zastave jedinici lokalne samouprave" [Regulation on the procedure for granting the coat of arms and flags to the local self-government unit]. ActofJune 29, 1998 (in Croatian).
^ ?l. 10. Grb mora biti heraldi?ki ispravan i opisan po pravilima heraldike. Grb se sastoji isklju?ivo od ?tita i sadr?aja unutar njega. Jedinica lokalne i jedinica podru?ne (regionalne) samouprave u pravilu preuzima svoj povijesni grb i zastavu. "Zakon o lokalnoj i podru?noj (regionalnoj) samupravi (pro?ieni tekst)" [Law on Local and Regional Self-Government (consolidated text)]. ActofFebruary 18, 2013 (in Croatian).