Highest Alemannic German
Get Highest Alemannic German essential facts below. View Videos or join the Highest Alemannic German discussion. Add Highest Alemannic German to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Highest Alemannic German
Highest Alemannic German
Regionthe Alps
Native speakers
4,500,000 Swiss German (2012)[1]
10,000 Walser (2004)[1]
Language codes
Either:
gsw - Swiss German (partial)
wae - Walser German
GlottologNone
Hoechstalemannisch.png
Areas where Highest Alemannic dialects are spoken are marked in red.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
A speaker of Swiss German, an umbrella term for all Alemannic German spoke in Switzerland, recorded in Switzerland for Wikitongues.

Highest Alemannic (Hegschtalemannisch) is a branch of Alemannic German and is often considered to be part of the German language, even though mutual intelligibility with Standard German and other non-Alemannic German dialects is very limited.

Highest Alemannic dialects are spoken in alpine regions of Switzerland: In the Bernese Oberland, in the German-speaking parts of the Canton of Fribourg, in the Valais (see Walliser German) and in the Walser settlements (mostly in Switzerland, but also in Italy and in Austria; see Walser German). In the West, the South and the South-East, they are surrounded by Romance languages; in the North, by High Alemannic dialects. In the Swiss canton of Graubünden (Grisons) only the Walser exclaves in the Romansh part and the Prättigau, Schanfigg and Davos are Highest Alemannic; the Rhine Valley with Chur and Engadin are High Alemannic.

Features

The distinctive feature of the Highest Alemannic dialects is the lack of hiatus diphthongization, for instance ['?ni:.?(n)] 'to snow', ['b?u:.?(n)] 'to build' vs. High Alemannic ['?nei?j?], ['b?ou?w?].

Many High Alemannic dialects have different verbal plural endings for all three persons, for instance wir singe(n) 'we sing', ir singet 'you (plural) sing', si singent 'they sing'. Almost all other German dialects use the same ending for the first and third persons in the plural.

There are High Alemannic dialects that have preserved the ending -n which has been dropped in most Upper German dialects.

The Highest Alemannic dialects are considered to be the most conservative dialects of German. The dialect of the Lötschental, for instance, preserved the three distinct classes of weak verbs (as in Old High German) until the beginning of the 20th century.

References

  1. ^ a b Swiss German (partial) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Walser German at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Highest_Alemannic_German
 



 



 
Music Scenes