Hinterzarten church with the Adlerschanze
|o Mayor||Klaus-Michael Tatsch|
|o Total||33.37 km2 (12.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||885 m (2,904 ft)|
|o Density||77/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Hinterzarten (Alemannic: Hinderzarde) is a resort village in the Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald), located in the southwest of the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Although Hinterzarten is mostly famous for its ski jumpers, it also has many tourist attractions (see Attractions).
Geographically Hinterzarten climbs to a height of Feldberg ( ), the highest mountain in the Black Forest. The municipality descends to the southeastern end of Lake Titisee ( ), although its lowest point is the Sternenrank at . Hinterzarten is located within the Southern Black Forest Nature Park and the Zartenbach stream flows through the municipality., which is just below that of the
Mountain peaks within the municipality include the: Windeckkopf (1,209 m).
Hinterzarten's annual precipitation is 1,406 mm, which is thus in the top tenth of the weather stations run by the German Met Office. Over 96 % have lower values. The driest month is September; the most precipitation falls in December which has 1.8 times the amount that falls in September. The seasonal variations in precipitation are in the upper third across Germany. In over 83 % of places the variations are lower.
The following subdivisions are part of the municipality of Hinterzarten: Hinterzarten village, the hamlets (Zinken) of Alpersbach, Am Feldberg, Bisten (partly also in Breitnau), Bruderhalde, Erlenbruck, Löffeltal, Oberzarten, Rinken, Rotwasser, Windeck and Winterhalde, as well as the residences of Altenvogtshütte (Auf Stucken), Ramselegut, Dorneck, Fürsatz(hof) and Silberberg. Within the municipality are the abandoned villages if Bankgallihof, Bäuerlehof, Imberihof, Rufenhof, Seehäusle and Waldhof.
Hinterzarten was founded in 1148. In the beginning, Hinterzarten was actually called "Hinter der Straß" (behind the street), and Breitnau to the north was "Vor der Straß" (in front of the street). Between 1708 and 1750 the village's name changed to Hinterzarten, partly because of a small river in the area called Zartenbach.
In 1964 Hinterzarten officially became a "climatic healing resort" (German: Heilklimatischer Kurort).
In 1923, after the foundation of the Ski Club Hinterzarten, the Kirchwaldschanze ski jump was built (jumping was discontinued in 1974); and in 1924 the Adlerschanze ski-jump was built. The Adlerschanze remains today after being renovated and rebuilt multiple times (see Adlerschanze for details).
Besides the 4-hill ski jumping complex, Hinterzarten also has three ski lifts, a tennis center, a cross-country skiing center, a soccer club, and has been a member of the Black Forest Nordic Walking club since 2003.
The Black Forest Ultra Bike Marathon (German) starts here.
Hinterzarten hosted the FIS (Fédération Internationale de Ski) Nordic Junior World Ski Championships and the Under-23 Cross-Country World Championships January 24 to 31, 2010.
Hiking and bicycle trails abound, and in the winter over 100 km of cross-country ski paths are prepared. One of the most popular hiking trails is the one from Hinterzarten to Titisee. Also, a "nature experience" trail (German: Naturerlebnispfad) was opened in the year 2000.
The Adlerschanze ski jump is one of the Ski jumping Grand Prix Tournament hills. The Tournament reaches the Adlerschanze in early August, and lasts one weekend (two days). About 20,000 people attend the contest.
The Black Forest Ski Museum (started 1997) covers the beginning of skiing and the early techniques and equipment used on the nearby Feldberg, including videos, old skis, etc. Since 2004 there is also a museum of ancient agricultural engineering, with old farm equipment and machines; the museum is located in a 400-year-old farmhouse.