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The dating and sequence of the Hittite kings is compiled from fragmentary records, supplemented by the recent find in Hattusa of a cache of more than 3500 seal impressions giving names and titles and genealogy of Hittite kings. All dates given here are approximate, relying on synchronisms with known chronologies for neighbouring countries and Egypt.
Little is known of the rulers of the Middle Kingdom period. The sequence here still largely follows Bryce (1998), but the short (or low) chronology is used.
McMahon (1989) lists Hattusili II and Tudhaliya III in inverse order. Bryce, among others, does not distinguish a Middle Kingdom. Instead he ends the Old Kingdom with Muwatalli I and begins the New Kingdom with Tudhaliya I. Nor is Tudhaliya "the Younger" generally included in Hittite king lists, as he was assassinated upon the death of his father, Tudhaliya II.
||Lineage and key events
||Traditional founder of the Old Kingdom; existence questioned by some scholars
|Hattusili I a.k.a. Labarna II
||ca. 1586-1556 BC (short)
||Nephew/grandson(?) of Labarna; perhaps the first ruler to reoccupy Hattusa
||ca. 1556-1526 BC (short)
||Grandson of Hattusili I; sacked Babylon, ca. 1531
||ca. 1526-1496 BC (short)
||Brother-in-law of Mursili I; assassinated Mursili I
||ca. 1496-1486 BC (short)
||Son-in-law of Hantili I; assassinated son/heir of Hantili I
||ca. 1486-1466 BC (short)
||Son of Zidanta I; assassinated his father
||ca. 1466-1461 BC (short)
||Son of Ammuna?
||ca. 1460 BC (short)
||Brother-in-law of Huzziya I; usurped the throne from Huzziya
||Lineage and key events
||ca. mid 15th century BC
||Son-in-law of Telipinus
||ca. 1500-1450 B.C.
||Son of Alluwamna
||Usurper. Ruled sometime between Telipinu and Zidanta II, but otherwise time is uncertain.
||Son of Hantili II
||Son of Zidanta II
||ca. 1400 BC
||Usurper; assassinated Huzziya II
New Kingdom (Empire)
- ^ A revised kinglist is offered in Trvor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, rev. ed. 2005:xv.
- ^ Bryce, Trevor (1998). The Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-924010-4.
- McMahon, G., Hittite History, Biblical Archaeologist 52 (1989), 62 - 77
- Robert S. Hardy, The Old Hittite Kingdom: A Political History, The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literature, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 177-216, 1941